About This Chapter
Who's It For:
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering protein synthesis material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn protein synthesis. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding protein synthesis
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about protein synthesis
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How It Works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any protein synthesis question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a protein synthesis unit of a standard cell biology course. Topics covered include:
- Protein synthesis in cells
- Messenger RNA (mRNA) transcription
- Transcriptional repression and induction
- Splicing exons and introns through RNA processing
- Translating RNA into amino acids
- Codon recognition
- Ribosomes and peptide bonds role in genetic translation
1. Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma
Learn the story of the central dogma and how it relates to protein synthesis. We'll use a simple analogy to explore the roles of transcription and translation in building protein from the DNA code. In this lesson, we'll also introduce the concept of a gene.
2. Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA
In this lesson, you will gain a thorough understanding of how transcription works. We will investigate how DNA is transcribed into RNA with the help of a promoter and RNA polymerase. Learn the purpose of messenger RNA and explore the three phases of transcription.
3. Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction
Do our genes work the same way all the time? How do we regulate the expression of our genes? Explore the various ways organisms control gene transcription through repression and induction of operons.
4. RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons
In this lesson, we'll explore the unique considerations for gene regulation in the eukaryotic cell. We'll walk through RNA splicing of introns and exons and the addition of the 5' cap and poly(A) tail.
5. What Is the Genetic Code That Translates RNA Into Amino Acids?
How is RNA translated into a series of amino acids? Learn the language of the genetic code, explore a codon dictionary, and discover some basics of genetics in this lesson on translation.
6. Codon Recognition: How tRNA and Anticodons Interpret the Genetic Code
How does codon recognition work at the molecular level? Can you use tRNA and anticodons to decipher the genetic code? Learn the mechanics of codon recognition and build a polypeptide from a sample genetic code.
7. The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation
Ribosomes play a major role in the process of genetic translation. In this lesson, learn about the structure of ribosomes and how peptide bonds help to create chains of amino acids.
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Other chapters within the Cell Biology Study Guide course
- Cell Theory and Living Organisms
- Parts of a Cell
- Cell Transport
- Cell Communication
- Plant Cells: Structure, Function and Metabolic Energy
- Cellular Respiration
- Stages of Cell Division
- Cells and Reproduction
- DNA: The Basis of Inheritance
- Biochemistry of Major Macromolecules and Enzyme Function
- Bacteria and Viruses
- Levels of Cell Organization and Specialization