About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Protein's Role in Nutrition chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Amino acids||How amino acids form protein; essential & nonessential amino acids|
|Tuesday||Protein quality||High and low quality proteins; complete proteins, incomplete proteins and complementary proteins|
|Wednesday||Protein functions and RDA||How proteins regulate, provide structure and transport materials in the body; calculating the recommended dietary allowance (RDA)|
|Thursday||Protein turnover||Balance between protein breakdown and buildup; amino acid pool and nitrogen balance|
|Friday||Health effects and vegetarian diets||Protein-energy malnutrition, protein and amino acid supplementation; animal vs plant protein sources, creating vegetarian diet plans that meet the nutritional needs for protein|
1. Essential & Nonessential Amino Acids: Difference & Roles
The proteins in your body are made up of 20 amino acids. Your body can synthesize the nonessential amino acids, but the remaining amino acids need to come from your diet, making them essential amino acids. Learn about this difference and their roles.
2. Health Effects Associated with Proteins
If a diet is deficient in protein, it can lead to a type of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), such as kwashiorkor or marasmus. If a diet is too high in protein, it can lead to dehydration or increase the risk of heart disease or cancer. Learn about all of this and more in this lesson.
3. How Amino Acids Form Protein
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Learn about the basic structure of an amino acid and how the molecules bond together through peptide bonds using a process called a dehydration synthesis reaction.
4. How Vegetarian Diets Include Protein: Plant vs. Animal Proteins
Most plant-based foods only offer incomplete proteins, meaning they do not contain all of the needed amino acids. Animal products, on the other hand, are a good source of complete proteins, but vegetarian diets limit these foods. Learn how vegetarians can meet their protein needs in this lesson.
5. Primary Functions of Protein in the Body
Protein is a vital molecule that carries out many functions in your body. Learn how proteins provide structure, regulate body processes, transport materials throughout your body, help your immune system and act as a source of energy.
6. Protein Quality & Completeness: Types & Examples
Protein quality is a measure of how good a food is at providing the essential amino acids. See examples of high and low-quality proteins in this lesson, and learn the difference between complete, incomplete and complementary proteins.
7. Protein Turnover & Balance
Protein breaks down into amino acids, which can be reassembled into new proteins. The balance between protein breakdown and buildup is known as protein turnover. Learn about protein turnover, the amino acid pool and nitrogen balance in the body in this lesson.
8. Proteins: Food Sources & Recommended Intakes
Do you know which foods provide the best source for protein? Learn about both animal-based and plant-based foods that contain protein in this lesson. It will also show you how much protein you should consume each day to stay healthy and avoid disease.
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Other chapters within the Nutrition 101 Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans course
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