About This Chapter
Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience 1954-1973 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The middle years of the 20th century were a time of great social and political upheaval in America, much of it brought about by the work of activists and protestors. In this chapter, instructor Adam Richards guides you to an understanding of the various forces that brought about these changes as well as the types of reforms that were implemented. This chapter can help you understand the following:
- President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society program and its impact
- The early years of the Civil Rights movement
- Important events of the Civil Rights movement
- The counter-culture in America
- The rise of student activism
- Various activist campaigns, such as the women's movement and the anti-war movement
|President Lyndon B. Johnson and the Great Society Program||Examining the components and the impact of Johnson's Great Society program.|
|The Civil Rights Movement during the 1950s||Analyzing the civil rights movement's post-World War II rejuvenation, landmark Supreme Court decisions and the groundwork laid for future events.|
|The Civil Rights Movement During the 1960s||Exploring the important events of the decade, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965; also looking at the leaders of the movement.|
|Hippies and the Counterculture: Origins, Beliefs and Legacy||Defining the counterculture and its impact on the country.|
|The Student Movement of the 1960s||Analyzing the era's student activism and its involvement in causes including the Vietnam War protests, civil rights and free speech movements.|
|1968: The Year That Changed the Nation||Examining the impact of developments in the Vietnam War, assassinations of American leaders, a presidential election and American violence.|
|The Women's Movement: Causes, Campaigns & Impacts on the U.S.||Looking at the feminist campaigns of the era.|
|Other Important Activist Movements of the Late '60s and Early '70s||Examining other movements that gained traction during this era including the American Indian Movement, the Brown Power Movement and the environmental movement.|
1. President Lyndon B. Johnson and the Great Society Program
President Lyndon B. Johnson created the Great Society program in 1964, to end poverty and racial injustice in the United States. Study the attempt to continue the initiative of Presidents John F. Kennedy and Franklin Roosevelt and why it didn't work.
2. The Civil Rights Movement During the 1950s
In the 1950s, the U.S. Civil Rights movement sought to put an end to racial discrimination in the country. Learn about the movement's historical context, the revitalization, and the opposition to the movement during the 1950s.
3. The Civil Rights Movement During the 1960s
There were many events that spurred the Civil Rights Movement forward during the 1960s. Explore the historic success of the Civil Rights Movement and the violence that fractured the movement.
4. Hippies and the Counterculture: Origins, Beliefs and Legacy
Understand the concept of counterculture. Explore the roles of Beats and Hippies in the lifestyle, politics, and downfall of the counterculture generation.
5. The Student Movement of the 1960s
The student movement of the 1960s was formed by college students who wanted to end the conformist culture of the 50s. Study the origins, rise of the New Left, how racial injustice was tackled, campus revolts, Vietnam War protests, and why it ended.
6. 1968: The Year that Changed the Nation
The year 1968 started with the Tet Offensive in Vietnam and ended with the election of Richard Nixon, never seeming to have a subtle moment between those events. Learn about how the year 1968 changed the nation with the war in Southeast Asia, domestic clashes over racial equality and war, along with fallen leaders such as Dr. King and Robert Kennedy.
7. The Women's Movement: Causes, Campaigns & Impacts on the US
The women's movement of the 1960s was composed of three campaigns: liberal feminism, radical feminism, and conservative feminism. Learn about the causes of second-wave feminism and explore how the battle for equal rights impacted the United States.
8. Other Important Activist Movements of the Late 60s and Early 70s
The 1960s and 70s were rife with historical activist movements. Discover the impact of the Red Power movement, the Brown Power movement, and other notable crusades for equality that you may recognize even in modern politics.
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Other chapters within the History 104: US History II course
- Reconstruction and the Gilded Age (1865-1877)
- Industrialization and Urbanization (1870-1900)
- The Progressive Era (1900-1917)
- American Imperialism (1890-1919)
- The Roaring 20s (1920-1929)
- The Great Depression (1929-1940)
- The US in World War ll (1941-1945)
- Post-War World (1946-1959)
- The Cold War (1950-1973)
- The 1970s (1969-1979)
- The Rise of Political Conservatism (1980-1992)
- Contemporary America (1992-2013)
- Studying for History 104