About This Chapter
Psychoanalytic Theories of Personality - Chapter Summary
This informative chapter clearly outlines the psychoanalytic theories of personality for your review. Topics covered here include Freud's psychoanalytic theory and the famed psychologist's stages of psychosexual development. Feel free to review these lessons as many times as you need in order to feel confident you've mastered these topics. Or, take the short quiz at the end of each lesson to gauge your comprehension level. Our instructors are available to answer any questions you might have. After you complete this chapter, you should be ready to:
- Outline Freud's phallic stage of development
- Explain what Freudian defense mechanisms are
- Define Freud's layers of the self
- Provide a definition for Freud's reality principle
- Identify how the Oedipus complex can be applied cross-culturally
- Detail Freud's take on personality theory, as well as his major contributions and limitations
- Differentiate between Freud and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory
- Describe the conflicts in Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development
- Discuss the object relations theory by Melanie Klein
1. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
2. Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development
Among Freud's most notorious theories is his theory of psychosexual development. This lesson discusses each of the stages and traces how he theorized that normal development leads to sexual maturity and how certain stages can develop awry.
3. Freud's Phallic Stage of Development
The phallus is the focus of Freud's third stage of Psychosexual development. In this lesson, learn about this state of development and how it affects both girls and boys.
4. Freudian Defense Mechanisms: Definition, Levels & Examples
Do you think that defense mechanisms are what happen in the football field and coping mechanisms are what a team does when the quarterback is injured? Think again. These are just two of the list of Freud's terms used to categorize how we react to life's curve balls. Watch this lesson to get the whole picture.
5. Sigmund Freud's Layers of the Self
This lesson will explore Sigmund Freud's theories concerning the layers of self. In doing this, it will highlight how the id, ego, and superego play out in the lives of all of us.
6. Freud's Reality Principle: Definition & Overview
The reality principle enables people to function in a world with boundaries and acceptable behaviors. This principle satisfies both the id's desire to feel good and the ego's desire to function appropriately in the world.
7. Freud & Personality Theory
In this lesson, we'll discuss the theory of personality developed by the famous psychiatrist Sigmund Freud. We'll discuss how human personality develops throughout one's life course according to Freud, and how personality and psychological issues are linked.
8. Freud's Major Contributions & Limitations
This lesson describes some of Sigmund Freud's major contributions to personality psychology. You'll learn about the id, ego, and superego, as well as the limitations of these ideas.
9. Freud and Erikson's Approaches to Psychoanalytic Theory: Differences & Analysis
Differentiate between Freud's and Erikson's approaches to psychoanalytic theory in this lesson. You will examine and compare developmental stages side by side and have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
10. Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth
Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome. This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each stage of development.
11. Melanie Klein's Object Relations Theory
In this lesson, we'll talk about object relations theory, a psychoanalytic approach developed by Melanie Klein. Klein was one of the first psychoanalysts to work directly with children and made a significant contribution to the field of psychoanalysis.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 310: Psychology of Personality course
- Introduction to Personality Psychology
- Personality Research & Assessment
- Adler & Jung & Personality Theory
- Neo-Analytic & Ego Approaches to Identity
- Biological Aspects of Personality
- Psychodynamic Theories & Theorists
- Behavioral & Learning Aspects of Personality
- Cognitive & Existential Theories of Personality
- Humanistic Theories & Theorists
- Trait Aspects of Personality
- Required Assignments for Psychology of Personality