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Psychological Development in Childhood - Chapter Summary
Study psychological development in childhood concepts your way with help from this chapter. Ensure you fully understand parenting styles, prenatal development, attachment theory and other related concepts by reviewing lessons developed by top instructors. Access lessons anytime and from any computer or mobile device. When finished, you will be ready to:
- List the stages of prenatal development
- Discuss developmental milestones, nature vs. nurture and other aspects of child and adolescent development
- Provide details about studies that examine genetic and environmental influences on behavior
- Describe the sensitive periods of development from birth to age 6
- Define attachment theory and infant attachment theory
- Identify and describe different parenting styles
- Share adjustment issues in adolescence and Piaget's stages of cognitive development
- Explain conflicts associated with the eight stages of psychosocial development
To make the most of the resources in this chapter, tailor them to your unique study needs. Choose your first lesson, then select any others you want to review by scrolling along the right-hand sidebar. Click the Quiz tab with each lesson to assess your comprehension of the lesson you're reviewing. Expand your knowledge of psychological development in childhood by submitting questions to our experts.
1. Prenatal Development & Psychology: Stages & Abnormal Development
How is prenatal development related to psychology? How are minds forming in the womb still linked to the outside environment? This lesson explores the stages of prenatal development and a mother's ability to affect her unborn child.
2. Child and Adolescent Development: Developmental Milestones & Nature vs. Nurture
How does a child develop cognitively? Which influences development more - genetics or the environment? How important are early experiences in the growth and cognitive development of a child? These are some of the major questions that guide the work of researchers in the field of educational psychology. This lesson will begin to address these questions by describing the basic principles that characterize child and adolescent development.
3. The Sensitive Periods of Development: Birth to Age 6
The phrase 'sensitive periods in human development' may sound like it refers to moody teenagers, but it actually refers to periods of time when a child easily absorbs information in a specific way. The most important sensitive periods occur between birth and age six. Learn more in this lesson.
4. Playing an Instrument & Psychological Development
Many parents put their children into music lessons not just because they want their kids to be musically talented, but because it provides enormous benefits for psychological development. Learn about the psychological benefits of playing an instrument in this lesson.
5. Attachment Theory: Definition & Criticism of Bowlby & Ainsworth's Theories
Relationships are built between two people. These meaningful bonds are critical for human development, and the most important type of relationship is that between child and parent or caregiver. This lesson will discuss attachment theory and the role of attachment on human growth and development.
6. Infant Attachment Theory: 4 Stages of Parent-Infant Attachment
Relationships with others play a large role in our lives. These relationships start from birth and continue to develop through adulthood. This lesson will describe the stages of parent-infant attachment, define types of attachment anxiety experienced by infants and discuss the debate over which forms stronger attachments: food or comfort.
7. Parenting Styles: Authoritarian, Permissive & Neglectful
How do parenting styles differ from one another, and which are most effective? You'll follow expectant parents, Mary and Larry, as they walk their neighborhood and try to learn from other parents.
8. Problems with Adjustment in Adolescence
Adolescence is a time of lots of changes, which can cause a lot of stress in a teen's life. In this lesson, we'll look at adjustment and maladaptive behaviors in adolescence, including how each manifests in teens' lives.
9. Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
How does a child's thinking change as she gets older? When does she learn about object permanence, conservation and abstract reasoning? You'll see that thought processes we take for granted as adults are actually important milestones in a child's cognitive development.
10. Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth
Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome. This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each stage of development.
11. Longitudinal Research: Definition & Methods
Longitudinal research is used to study individuals at different stages in their lives. One group is studied over many years. Learn more about longitudinal research through examples and test your knowledge with quiz questions.
12. Twin and Adoption Studies: Practices & Findings
What is more influential, nature or nurture? How can scientists know for sure? In this lesson, we'll look at studies designed to separate the effects of genetics and environment on people's behavior, twin and adoption studies.
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Other chapters within the VCE Psychology: Exam Prep & Study Guide course
- The Brain's Role in Mental Processes
- Brain Structure & Function
- Brain Plasticity & Damage
- Understanding The Nervous System
- Nervous System Functioning
- Technology & the Brain
- Atypical Psychological Development
- Thoughts, Emotions & Behavior
- Sensation & Perception Overview
- Cognition & Intelligence
- Social Cognition Overview
- Social Influences on Behavior
- Understanding Stress
- Models of Learning
- Understanding Memory
- Consciousness & Sleep
- Mental Health Disorders Overview
- Phobias Overview
- Mental Health Maintenance
- Psychological Studies
- Communication Skills for Psychology
- VCE Psychology Flashcards