About This Chapter
Psychological Testing and Assessment - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors introduce you to statistical concepts and to the science of tests and measurements. You will learn how tests are standardized and normed, and why these processes are critical to creating a valid and reliable assessment instrument. The chapter will review the types of assessments currently used in the practice of psychology.
You will also learn about different types of tests: norm-referenced and criterion-referenced, and the different uses of each. As you progress in the chapter you can study types of measurements: direct, indirect, and constructs. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Discuss how statistics are used in tests and measurements
- Describe the process of standardizing and norming psychological tests
- List the types of assessments used in psychology
- Distinguish the different types of tests: norm-referenced and criterion-referenced
- Recognize the various types of measurements: direct, indirect, and constructs
Our approach involves brief, engaging video lessons that streamline your learning. In addition to the videos, we give you self-assessment quizzes so you can gauge your learning, and lesson transcripts. We highlight the important concepts with key terms that are often linked to text lessons. And we make it easy to revisit segments of the video you want to play again by giving you video tags that take you to the exact spot you want to locate. All of these learning tools have been constructed by our knowledgeable instructors who are expert in their fields.
1. Introduction to Research Design & Statistical Analysis for Psychology
What do psychologists have to think about when designing studies and interpreting results? In this lesson, you'll explore how the scientific method can help with the difficult task of studying behaviors and their potential causes.
2. Standardization and Norms of Psychological Tests
Many psychological tests, including intelligence tests, are about comparing your score to others' scores to see how you did. Watch this lesson to find out about two important concepts in psychology: standardization and norms.
3. Types of Assessments Used in Psychology
Psychological assessments are tests that are meant to analyze a person's abilities or personality. In this lesson, we'll examine some common types of psychological tests, including projective tests, inventories, and aptitude tests.
4. Types of Tests: Norm-Referenced vs. Criterion-Referenced
What's the best way to score tests? In this lesson, we'll look at two major types of tests that are scored differently from each other: norm-referenced and criterion-referenced tests.
5. Types of Measurement: Direct, Indirect & Constructs
How do you measure psychological traits? In this lesson, we'll look at how psychologists measure traits, including direct and indirect observation. We will also explore why psychological traits are so difficult to measure.
6. Absolute Threshold: Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we'll talk about what absolute threshold is and explore some examples of absolute threshold for the human senses - specifically for vision and hearing. In the end, test your knowledge with a quiz.
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Other chapters within the OSAT Psychology/Sociology (CEOE) (032): Practice & Study Guide course
- History of Psychology
- Psychology Research Methods
- Ethical Considerations in Psychology Research
- Setting Up Research Studies in Psychology
- Biology & Behavior in Psychology
- Senses & Perception
- Dealing with Stress
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Cognition in Psychology
- Learning & Psychology
- Stages of Development in Psychology
- Motivation & Emotion in Psychology
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Methods of Psychological Treatment
- Social Psychology Concepts
- Introduction to Sociology
- Influential Sociological Theorists
- Research Methods in Sociology
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Personality Psychology and the Self
- Values, Beliefs and Attitudes
- Social Groups & Interactions
- Studying Social Institutions
- Stratification and Aging in Society
- Prejudice and Discrimination in Society
- Deviance and Social Control
- Overpopulation and Population Trends
- Social Movements
- Urbanization, Industrialization, Modernization and Globalization
- OSAT Psychology/Sociology (CEOE) (032) Flashcards