About This Chapter
Psychology of Emotion - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Human emotions are complex and varied, but where do they come from? In this chapter, you'll explore some of the theories psychologists have come up with about emotions, including what some deem fundamental emotions. You'll also learn about the biological relation to emotion by looking at parts of the brain and hormones secreted by glands. Stress is a major emotion experienced by many and in different ways, and you'll dissect how stress can affect you physically. This chapter can help you understand the following:
- Where emotions come from
- The physical reactions to emotions
- Emotional centers in the brain
- The affects of stress on the body
|Introduction to Emotions||Learn about Phineas Gage, his famous accident, and how our brains are involved in emotion.|
|Categorizing Emotions||Explore how Paul Ekman and Robert Plutchik each categorized fundamental emotions and how emotion is processed in the brain.|
|Theories of Emotion||Understand three theories about the inception of emotions and how our bodies factor in to the response.|
|Fight or Flight Response||Learn about how glands in your body force an emotional response to a threatening situation.|
|Stressed by Stress||Explore how stress can affect your body physically and how you can cope with stress.|
|Positive Psychology||Understand optimism, self-efficacy, and happiness and how these positive emotions affect us.|
|Richard Lazarus's Theory of Stress||Learn about Lazarus's theory that stress is subject to cognitive appraisal.|
1. Emotions in Psychology: Definition, Biological Components & Survival
When railroad worker Phineas Gage's brain was injured in 1848, his emotions completely changed. Find out what parts of the brain affect your emotional intelligence and what made Phineas go from happy-go-lucky guy to crabby curmudgeon.
2. Categories of Emotion: 6 Basic Emotions, Oppositional Pairs & Biology
Have you ever wondered why you can react to danger before you even really realize it's there? Or why you can recognize an expression of happiness on someone's face, no matter where the person is from? Find out the answers to these questions and more in this lesson about the different types of emotions and how the brain processes them.
3. Theories of Emotion: James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Two-Factor & Facial Feedback Hypothesis
Have you ever wondered how your emotions are related to your physical reactions? Does your heart beat fast because you're excited, or are you excited because your heart is beating fast? Psychologists have taken a turn at figuring out how our physiological reactions are connected to emotions. Take a look at this lesson for more on the most important theories of emotion.
4. Fight or Flight Response: Definition, Physiology & Examples
A squirrel caught in headlights or the cock that fights to the death? Do you know what makes us choose between freezing, running or fighting back? And what's happening inside of you all the while? This lesson answers all of your fight-or-flight questions.
5. Understanding Stress: Eustress, Distress & Coping Strategies
Most people have to deal with stress on a regular basis. But do you know what it's really doing to your body? Learn more about the reasons behind feeling stressed as well as common strategies to not let the stress get to you.
6. Psychology Research on Type A & Type B Personalities
What makes a person who they are? And can your personality affect your health? In this lesson, we'll examine two common personalities - type A and type B - and how they are linked with stress and with a person's health.
7. Richard Lazarus's Theory of Stress Appraisal
How can something make one person really, really stressed, and not bother someone else at all? In this lesson, we'll examine Richard Lazarus's appraisal theory of stress, including primary and secondary appraisals.
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Other chapters within the AP Psychology: Exam Prep course
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- AP Psychology: Memory & Cognition
- AP Psychology: Motivation in Psychology
- AP Psychology: Child Development in Psychology
- AP Psychology: Personality Development and Theories
- AP Psychology: Study of Social Psychology
- AP Psychology: Abnormal Psychology
- AP Psychology: Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders
- AP Psychology: Test Strategy
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