About This Chapter
Psychology Research Methods & Tools - Chapter Summary
Our professional instructors cover psychology research methods and tools in this informative chapter. Take your time as you review topics that include the scientific method as it's used in psychology, various research methodologies and the types of research design used in psychology. Help from an instructor is available through the Dashboard should you need it. Our lesson quizzes and chapter test make handy resources to help you prepare for an exam or check your understanding before you move on to new topics. Once you finish these lessons, you should be able to:
- Outline the different psychological research tools
- Differentiate between reliability and validity in psychology
- Discuss the importance of sampling in research
- Explain the use of experiments and surveys to collect social research data
- Describe the use of content analysis and existing statistics to collect social research data
- Detail the use of field and observational research to collect data
- Identify the use of secondary records and archival research to collect social research data
- Understand how research on the psychology of diversity is evaluated
1. What Is the Scientific Method in Psychology? - Definition, Characteristics & Steps
How might someone apply the scientific method to psychological research? We will review the steps of the scientific method and how they applied to one of the most famous psychological studies ever conducted.
2. Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method
While there are many ways to conduct an experiment in psychology, there are only so many ways you can describe it. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences, strengths, and weaknesses of the qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.
3. Types of Research Designs in Psychology
What are the three main research designs, and what are their advantages and disadvantages? In this lesson, you'll explore the different goals behind descriptive, correlational and experimental research designs.
4. Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation
What are the primary ways a psychologist goes about conducting research? In this lesson, we will look at the three main ways a researcher can go about learning something, as well as some of the more famous psychological research that has used these techniques.
5. Reliability & Validity in Psychology: Definitions & Differences
How do validity and reliability contribute to study design in psychology? In this lesson, you'll look at how experiments can fail reliability and validity requirements to get an idea of the challenges behind conducting significant psychological research.
6. What is Sampling in Research? - Definition, Methods & Importance
The sample of a study can have a profound impact on the outcome of a study. In this lesson, we'll look at the procedure for drawing a sample and why it is so important to draw a sample that represents the population.
7. Using Experiments to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores the basic framework and definition of how an experiment is constructed using two popular social psychology experiments as examples.
8. Using Surveys to Collect Social Research Data
There are many techniques to collect information from people. In this lesson, we will explore some of the ways a researcher collects data, as well as looking at some of the risks and benefits.
9. Using Content Analysis to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores what content analysis is and how a researcher can use this technique to explore and collect social data. An explanation of how to use this technique to explore the psychology of other times is also explored.
10. Using Existing Statistics to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explains the primary places a researcher can collect social data from others instead of collecting it themselves. The lesson also reminds researchers of a major pitfall in using other's data.
11. How Observational & Field Research Are Used to Collect Data
Psychologists have many different options for where and how to do research. Watch this video to learn more about the difference in field and lab research and the advantages and disadvantages of observational research
12. Using Archival Research & Secondary Records to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores the idea of what happens when researchers already have information and data that they can study. You'll get the chance to look at descriptions of archival and meta-analysis research.
13. Evaluating Research on the Psychology of Diversity
If you are interested in the psychology of diversity, you might want some good ways to evaluate the research you read. This lesson discusses what it means to evaluate research on the psychology of diversity.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 303: Psychology of Diversity course
- Social Identity & Categorization Theories
- Understanding Diversity in Psychology
- The Psychological Study of Diversity
- Psychology of Diversity Theories & Research
- Psychological Perspectives of Human Behavior
- Understanding Racism & Discrimination
- Understanding of Stereotypes & Biases
- Multiculturalism & Cultural Relativism
- Fundamentals of Cultural Research in Psychology
- Bias, Cultural Competence & Awareness
- Required Assignments for Psychology 303