About This Chapter
Psychology's Impact on Education - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Discover major psychological theories and find out how they impact education in this chapter. You'll learn about the psychologists who presented such theories as the Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development, Law of Effect and Theory of Cognitive Development. The instructors of these lessons will introduce you to Jerome Bruner, Howard Gardner, Jean Piaget, B.F. Skinner and more. These lessons can teach you about:
- Intelligence testing in education
- Bloom's taxonomy
- Bruner's Theory of Development
- Lev Vygotsky's theories
- Stages of cognitive development
|Alfred Binet: Theories & Impact on Intelligence Testing in Education||Provides details on this psychologist and his theories. Closely examines the intelligence test he developed and details its importance in modern day education.|
|Bloom's Taxonomy and Assessments||Describes how Bloom's Taxonomy is used by teachers to determine students' cognitive skills. Lists and explains the multiple levels of the taxonomy.|
|Jerome Bruner's Theory of Development: Discovery Learning & Representation||Dissects Bruner's beliefs on education and introduces the concept of discovery learning. Details his three stages of representation. Distinguishes between Bruner's learning views and Jean Piaget's views.|
|Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth||Explains Erikson's theory on development. Identifies characteristics of the eight stages and lists the conflicts that are a part of each stage.|
|Howard Gardner: Theory & Impact on Education||Provides an overview of Gardner's background and his theories. Emphasizes the impact of his theories on education.|
|Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development||Identifies and surveys the four stages of cognitive development in children developed by Piaget. Uses examples to solidify your understanding of each stage.|
|B.F. Skinner: Theories & Impact on Education||Details the theories developed by Skinner. Examines how these theories play a role in modern day education.|
|Behavioral Theory: Thorndike and the Law of Effect||Discusses Thorndike's research on behavioral consequences. Outlines the two parts of his Law of Effect and illustrates applications for this law.|
|Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development||Offers an overview of Vygotsky's Cultural-Historical Theory and the six assumptions associated with it. Examines his views on speech development in children and the four stages of speech development.|
1. Alfred Binet: Theories & Impact on Intelligence Testing in Education
Many people have heard of IQ, but do you know the story behind measuring intelligence? Watch this video to find out about Alfred Binet, the man who designed the first intelligence test, and how his work has influenced education.
2. Bloom's Taxonomy and Assessments
Bloom's Taxonomy is a popular and extremely helpful tool that is used by most teachers. In this lesson, we'll discuss the original and revised Bloom's Taxonomy as well as how to use it in the classroom to assess learning and cognitive ability.
3. Jerome Bruner's Theory of Development: Discovery Learning & Representation
This lesson explores Jerome Bruner's theory of development, his three modes of representation, and his beliefs on learning, language, and discovery. It will also differentiate Bruner's views of learning compared to Jean Piaget's views.
4. Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development: Conflicts & Growth
Erikson identified eight stages of psychosocial development, with each stage presenting a conflict that must be overcome. This lesson will discuss the conflict and growth associated with each stage of development.
5. Howard Gardner: Theory & Impact on Education
What does it mean to be intelligent? In this lesson, we'll explore the multiple intelligences theory of psychologist Howard Gardner, including the different types of intelligence that Gardner proposes and his impact on education.
6. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.
7. B.F. Skinner: Theories & Impact on Education
What does candy have to do with learning and behavior? In this lesson, we'll examine the theories of psychologist B.F. Skinner, including behavioral modification and educational applications of his behavioral learning theories.
8. Behavioral Theory: Thorndike and the Law of Effect
How can outside forces change the way we behave? Why are people's actions shaped by rewards, such as money or good grades, or punishments, such as losing money or feeling pain? This lesson is an introduction to the famous psychologist Thorndike and his foundational research on why consequences of behavior, such as rewards or punishments, affect our future choices.
9. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
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