About This Chapter
Psychomotor Stimulants & Their Effects - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter on psychomotor stimulants and their effects prove that learning can be fun and engaging. Professional instructors go over cocaine use and how it works in the brain. You can also review information about programs for preventing and treating amphetamine abuse. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Discuss dependence on amphetamines and cocaine
- Explain how coca becomes cocaine and crack
- List different types of amphetamines
- Recall the history of amphetamine use
- Describe the effects of methamphetamine
- Recount usage patterns of amphetamines and how they work in the body
- Detail side effects of caffeine and symptoms of stimulant dependence
- Outline how stimulant drugs are used for ADHD
Studying these mobile-friendly lessons will quickly expand your knowledge of psychomotor stimulants and their effects. The lessons are easy to comprehend, and you can use the Help feature to submit questions to experts if you get stuck on a topic. Key vocabulary words are highlighted for easy reference. To make sure you understand the topics covered, a short quiz accompanies each lesson.
1. Stimulant Dependence: Amphetamines and Cocaine
Many people take stimulants like caffeine in small doses every day. But what happens when someone becomes dependent on stimulants? In this lesson, we'll look at the effects of stimulants, including two commonly abused stimulants, cocaine and amphetamines.
2. The History of Cocaine Use
The use of coca can be traced back to 3000 B.C. Cocaine use reached its popularity in the 1980s but remains a heavily abused drug. This lesson traces the history of cocaine and cocaine use.
3. How Cocaine Works in the Brain & Body
Cocaine is an addictive, psychoactive, stimulant drug. It can cause both psychological and physical dependence. This lesson explains how cocaine works in the brain and the body.
4. Usage Patterns & Administration of Cocaine
The use and administration of cocaine has a long history. Cocaine has become the most heavily abused stimulant drug in the United States. This lesson briefly discusses patterns of cocaine use, abuse, tolerance, dependence, overdose and withdrawal.
5. Processing Coca to Cocaine & Crack
The cocaine sold on the streets of the United States comes from plants grown in South America. This lesson explains how coca plants are processed into cocaine and crack cocaine.
6. Prevention & Treatment Programs for Cocaine Abuse
Cocaine is the most abused stimulant drug in the United States with over one million regular users. Fortunately, specialized drug treatment facilities are plentiful. This lesson discusses prevention and treatment programs currently available.
7. Amphetamines: Definition & Types
Amphetamines are stimulant drugs. They come in both legal and illegal varieties. This lesson explains what amphetamines are and identifies the various forms of amphetamines.
8. The History of Amphetamine Use
Amphetamine was developed in the 1800s and is still used for the treatment of certain medical conditions. This lesson traces the history of amphetamine and its use in the U.S.
9. What is Meth (Methamphetamine)? - Definition & Effects
What can cause your teeth to rot, sores to appear on your face and cause damage to your major organs? Methamphetamine is a stimulant with increasing popularity. This lesson will describe what is in meth and the effects of meth on users.
10. How Amphetamines Work in the Brain & Body
Amphetamines are central nervous system stimulant drugs. They increase certain chemicals in the body, which cause specific psychological and physical effects. This lesson describes how amphetamines work in the brain and the body.
11. Amphetamine Usage Patterns & Administration
There are different patterns of usage for amphetamines, as well as forms of administration for the various types of amphetamine. This lesson briefly discusses amphetamine use, abuse, tolerance, dependence, withdrawal, and overdose.
12. What is Caffeine? - Structure & Side Effects
Caffeine is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world, but what is it? Found in coffee, tea, soda, some medications, and energy drinks, the positive and negative side effects of caffeine use are important to understand. This lesson describes the chemical composition and side effects of caffeine.
13. Signs & Symptoms of Stimulant Dependence
Stimulant abuse and dependence is relatively common among young adults. This lesson explains the general warning signs and symptoms that could indicate a stimulant use disorder.
14. Medical Uses of Stimulant Drugs for ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, is most commonly treated using stimulant drugs. The stimulants don't cure ADHD, but they do treat the symptoms. This lesson explains stimulant treatment for ADHD.
15. Amphetamine Abuse Prevention & Treatment Programs
Amphetamine is often prescribed for medical uses, but it's considered to be highly addictive. Some varieties of amphetamine are also sold illegally as street drugs. This lesson discusses prevention and treatment programs for amphetamine abuse.
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Other chapters within the DSST Substance Abuse: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- History & Psychology of Substance Abuse
- Theories & Models of Abuse
- Pharmacological & Neurophysiological Principles
- Classification of Drugs & the DEA
- Alcoholism & Its Effects
- Inhaled Substances
- Tobacco & Nicotine
- Anabolic Steroids
- Prescription & Over-the-Counter Drugs
- Anti-anxiety & Sedative Hypnotics
- Antipsychotic Drugs, Antidepressants & Mood Stabilizers
- Abuse of Lesser Known Drugs
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST Substance Abuse Flashcards