Ch 8: Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood

About This Chapter

Watch online psychology video lessons to learn about language development, information processing and self concept in toddlers and infants. Assess your comprehension of the materials with the quick quizzes that follow each lesson.

Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Let our experienced instructors introduce you to methods for studying the cognitive abilities of infants and provide you with examples of the earliest stages of language development. Lessons in this chapter also help you examine some of the social influences on toddlers' sense of self alongside factors that can have favorable or adverse effects on their emotional, behavioral and intellectual development. By the time you work your way through this chapter, you should be familiar with the following:

  • Infants' attention, memory and information-processing abilities
  • Characteristics of various language learning stages
  • The development of temperament and self concept in toddlers
  • Emotional expression from birth to age two

Video Objectives
Habituation: Attention in Children Examine the uses of habituation and dishabituation to study attention in children.
Infant Cognitive Development: Sensorimotor Stage & Object Permanence Define object permanence. Understand periods in infants' sensorimotor development.
Infant Creativity and Intelligence Discover the capabilities of infant intelligence and the tools used to measure them.
Memory and Information Processing in Infants Explore the basic memory and information-processing abilities of infants.
Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language Identify stages of pre-linguistic and linguistic language development. Differentiate between expressive and receptive language.
Language Learning in Infants and Toddlers Explain how syncretic speech, holophrase, motherese and telegraphic speech relate to language development.
Jerome Kagan's Research on Temperament in Toddlers Discuss Jerome Kagan's research on the development of temperament in toddlers.
George Herbert Mead's Stages of Self and Development in Toddlers Relate George Herbert Mead's stages of self concept to development in toddlers.
The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development Recognize characteristics of abused children and their abusers. Assess the impact of abuse on children's social, behavioral and intellectual development.
The Pros & Cons of Day Care: Characteristics & Outcomes Weigh the advantages and disadvantages of day care. Identify characteristics of quality day care centers, and discuss the increase in cognitive development among children who attend them.
Emotional Expression in the First Two Years of Life Examine the emotional expression and emotional awareness of infants and toddlers.

11 Lessons in Chapter 8: Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Habituation: Attention in Children

1. Habituation: Attention in Children

As infants grow, they learn how to pay attention to the things that are most important. In this lesson, we'll look at the attentional processes of infants, including the key concepts of habituation and dishabituation.

Infant Cognitive Development: Sensorimotor Stage & Object Permanence

2. Infant Cognitive Development: Sensorimotor Stage & Object Permanence

Jean Piaget's theory of development includes the sensorimotor stage, which happens in the first two years of life. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the important cognitive developments that occur during that stage.

Infant Creativity and Intelligence

3. Infant Creativity and Intelligence

How is infant intelligence measured? In this lesson, you'll learn to recognize common measures of infant intelligence as well as what information these measures can provide.

Memory and Information Processing in Infants

4. Memory and Information Processing in Infants

The way adults think is vastly different from the way that children think. In this lesson, we'll explore cognitive development and look at how infants begin to think like adults, including the concepts of information processing and memory.

Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language

5. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language

How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.

Language Learning in Infants and Toddlers

6. Language Learning in Infants and Toddlers

Language development is a long process, and there are many types of speech that babies take part in. This lesson explores language development and some key types of speech, including child-directed speech, syncretic speech, and telegraphic speech.

Jerome Kagan's Research on Temperament in Toddlers

7. Jerome Kagan's Research on Temperament in Toddlers

Why are some people outgoing while others are shy? That's a key question that psychologist Jerome Kagan addressed in his studies on temperament. Watch this video for more information on Kagan's research on temperament in toddlers.

George Herbert Mead's Stages of Self and Development in Toddlers

8. George Herbert Mead's Stages of Self and Development in Toddlers

When a baby is first born, he doesn't seem to have a sense of who he is, but that changes as he grows. In this lesson, we'll look at George Herbert Mead's research on how people develop a sense of self in the first few years of life.

The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development

9. The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development

A healthy family relationship can contribute positively to the growth and development of a child. Unfortunately, unhealthy and abusive relationships do occur. This lesson will describe characteristics of abusers and the impact of abuse on a child's growth and development.

The Pros & Cons of Day Care: Characteristics & Outcomes

10. The Pros & Cons of Day Care: Characteristics & Outcomes

Parents have many options for child care, including sending the child to day care. Watch this video to find out some of the advantages and disadvantages of sending a child to day care.

Emotional Expression in the First Two Years of Life

11. Emotional Expression in the First Two Years of Life

In the first two years of life, a baby goes through many big changes. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the emotional changes that occur in infants, including important milestones in socioemotional development.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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