About This Chapter
Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Let our experienced instructors introduce you to methods for studying the cognitive abilities of infants and provide you with examples of the earliest stages of language development. Lessons in this chapter also help you examine some of the social influences on toddlers' sense of self alongside factors that can have favorable or adverse effects on their emotional, behavioral and intellectual development. By the time you work your way through this chapter, you should be familiar with the following:
- Infants' attention, memory and information-processing abilities
- Characteristics of various language learning stages
- The development of temperament and self concept in toddlers
- Emotional expression from birth to age two
|Habituation: Attention in Children||Examine the uses of habituation and dishabituation to study attention in children.|
|Infant Cognitive Development: Sensorimotor Stage & Object Permanence||Define object permanence. Understand periods in infants' sensorimotor development.|
|Infant Creativity and Intelligence||Discover the capabilities of infant intelligence and the tools used to measure them.|
|Memory and Information Processing in Infants||Explore the basic memory and information-processing abilities of infants.|
|Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language||Identify stages of pre-linguistic and linguistic language development. Differentiate between expressive and receptive language.|
|Language Learning in Infants and Toddlers||Explain how syncretic speech, holophrase, motherese and telegraphic speech relate to language development.|
|Jerome Kagan's Research on Temperament in Toddlers||Discuss Jerome Kagan's research on the development of temperament in toddlers.|
|George Herbert Mead's Stages of Self and Development in Toddlers||Relate George Herbert Mead's stages of self concept to development in toddlers.|
|The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development||Recognize characteristics of abused children and their abusers. Assess the impact of abuse on children's social, behavioral and intellectual development.|
|The Pros & Cons of Day Care: Characteristics & Outcomes||Weigh the advantages and disadvantages of day care. Identify characteristics of quality day care centers, and discuss the increase in cognitive development among children who attend them.|
|Emotional Expression in the First Two Years of Life||Examine the emotional expression and emotional awareness of infants and toddlers.|
1. Habituation: Attention in Children
As infants grow, they learn how to pay attention to the things that are most important. In this lesson, we'll look at the attentional processes of infants, including the key concepts of habituation and dishabituation.
2. Infant Cognitive Development: Sensorimotor Stage & Object Permanence
Jean Piaget's theory of development includes the sensorimotor stage, which happens in the first two years of life. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the important cognitive developments that occur during that stage.
3. Infant Creativity and Intelligence
How is infant intelligence measured? In this lesson, you'll learn to recognize common measures of infant intelligence as well as what information these measures can provide.
4. Memory and Information Processing in Infants
The way adults think is vastly different from the way that children think. In this lesson, we'll explore cognitive development and look at how infants begin to think like adults, including the concepts of information processing and memory.
5. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
The stages of language development explores the process of children learning syntax. Discover the pre-linguistic language stage, symbolic/linguistic language stage, and expressive vs. receptive language in this lesson.
6. Language Learning in Infants and Toddlers
Language development is a long process, and there are many types of speech that babies take part in. This lesson explores language development and some key types of speech, including child-directed speech, syncretic speech, and telegraphic speech.
7. Jerome Kagan's Research on Temperament in Toddlers
Why are some people outgoing while others are shy? That's a key question that psychologist Jerome Kagan addressed in his studies on temperament. Watch this video for more information on Kagan's research on temperament in toddlers.
8. George Herbert Mead's Stages of Self and Development in Toddlers
When a baby is first born, he doesn't seem to have a sense of who he is, but that changes as he grows. In this lesson, we'll look at George Herbert Mead's research on how people develop a sense of self in the first few years of life.
9. The Impact of Abuse and Neglect on Child Growth & Development
A healthy family relationship can contribute positively to the growth and development of a child, while unhealthy and abusive relationships can do the opposite. Review some facts and statistics on child abuse, explore the main characteristics of abusers and abused children, and see the impact of abuse and neglect on a child's growth and development.
10. The Pros & Cons of Day Care: Characteristics & Outcomes
Parents have many options for child care, including sending the child to day care. Watch this video to find out some of the advantages and disadvantages of sending a child to day care.
11. Emotional Expression in the First Two Years of Life
In the first two years of life, a baby goes through many big changes. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the emotional changes that occur in infants, including important milestones in socioemotional development.
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Other chapters within the DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Domains of Human Development
- Research Methods and the Study of Life Span Development
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- The Impact of Genetics in Human Development & Psychology
- Prenatal Development Concepts
- Childbirth and Newborn Characteristics
- Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood
- Physical and Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood
- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
- Physical and Sexual Development in Adolescence
- Psychosocial Development in Adolescence
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Adulthood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood
- Physical Development in Late Adulthood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
- Death and Dying: Stages and Psychological Impact
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology Flashcards