Ch 20: Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood

About This Chapter

Watch online video lessons to learn about theories of aging, relationships in late adulthood, the stages of retirement, and more. Each lesson is accompanied by a short multiple-choice quiz to help check your understanding of these psychology topics.

Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Use this chapter to study mental health concerns associated with late adulthood as well as some of the factors contributing to a healthy sense of achievement during this last developmental stage. Instructors help you examine these and other characteristics of life after 65 with lessons on topics ranging from marital satisfaction and the roles of spirituality to the stages of retirement. Listed below are just some of the areas covered in this chapter.

  • Changes to memory and problem-solving abilities
  • Characteristics of family relationships and friendships
  • Effect of various living situations on social development
  • Challenges of social isolation, ageism and elder abuse

Video Objectives
Theories of Aging: Structural-Functional, Symbolic-Interaction & Social-Conflict Examine theories associated with structural-functional, symbolic-interaction, and social-conflict perspectives on aging.
Psychosocial Theories of Aging Understand the different psychosocial theories of aging, including activity theory, continuity theory, and disengagement theory.
Major Mental Health Concerns in Late Adulthood Identify some of the major health concerns associated with late adulthood, such as depression, multi-infarct dementia, and Pick's disease. Discuss how these medical conditions impact aging.
Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood Explore changes to memory, information processing, and problem-solving abilities that occur during late adulthood.
Influences on Development in Late Adulthood Outline the effects of age, history, and non-normative influences on development. Discuss terminal decline.
Spirituality, Religiosity, and Aesthetics Study the roles of religiosity, spirituality, and aesthetics in late adulthood development.
Social Context of Aging: Communities, Neighborhoods, and Housing Understand the connection between elderly adults' living situation, their social experiences, and their development. Explore the purposes of residential communities, nursing homes, and congregate housing.
Friendships in Late Adulthood Identify the characteristics of friendships in late adulthood. Examine their ability to provide intimacy and acceptance.
Relationships in Late Adulthood Understand the characteristics of family relationships in late adulthood, including relationships with siblings and adult children. Examine the relationships of single older adults, childless older adults, widowers, and widows.
Divorce, Marriage, and Cohabitation in Late Adulthood Study divorce, remarriage, cohabitation, and gay and lesbian partnerships in late adulthood. Get an introduction to relevant research on marital satisfaction from middle to late adulthood.
Achievement in Late Adulthood Explore how work, leisure and volunteer activities, retirement, and education relate to achievement in late adulthood.
The Stages of Retirement: Psychological Effects & Examples Identify the stages of retirement. Explain how they affect a person's life in late adulthood.
Ego Integrity vs. Despair Learn about the concept of life review. Discover Erikson's final stage of development, ego integrity vs. despair.
Stereotypes in Late Adulthood: Factors of Ageism & Counter-Tactics Scrutinize common stereotypes associated with late adulthood.
Challenges of Aging: Retirement, Ageism, & Social Isolation Survey some of the challenges facing elderly adults, including retirement, ageism, and social isolation.
Alcohol, Drug, and Prescription Abuse in Late Adulthood Discuss the consequences of alcohol, drug, and prescription use in late adulthood.
Social Issues in Late Adulthood: Risk Factors & Impact Examine some of the risk factors for poverty and elder abuse in late adulthood.

14 Lessons in Chapter 20: Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Psychosocial Theories of Aging

1. Psychosocial Theories of Aging

People approach late adulthood and the process of aging differently. In this lesson, we'll examine the three most common psychosocial theories about aging, including the disengagement, activity, and continuity theories.

Major Mental Health Concerns in Late Adulthood

2. Major Mental Health Concerns in Late Adulthood

Everyone forgets things sometimes, but as people age, they often have trouble with memory and other cognitive processes. Watch this lesson to find out more about two types of thinking problems, frontotemporal and multi-infarct dementia.

Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood

3. Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood

Many people are aware of some of the memory problems older adults have, but did you know that they become better at some types of thinking? In this lesson, we'll examine the positive and negative cognitive changes in late life.

Influences on Development in Late Adulthood

4. Influences on Development in Late Adulthood

As people age, they go through many changes, both positive and negative. In this lesson, we'll look at the major influences on development in late adulthood, including normative and non-normative change.

Spirituality, Religiosity, and Aesthetics

5. Spirituality, Religiosity, and Aesthetics

As people age, they have a lot to deal with. This is part of the reason that spirituality and religion are so important to older adults. In this lesson, we'll examine what spirituality, religion and aesthetics can offer aging adults.

Social Context of Aging: Communities, Neighborhoods, and Housing

6. Social Context of Aging: Communities, Neighborhoods, and Housing

As people age, the community around them becomes more and more important in their lives. Watch this lesson to find out about the importance of a social convoy in late life, as well as the housing options available for seniors.

Relationships in Late Adulthood

7. Relationships in Late Adulthood

As people age, many of their relationships change and develop. In this lesson, we'll examine relationships in late life, including those with adult children, siblings, and spouses, as well as the types of single older adults.

Divorce, Marriage, and Cohabitation in Late Adulthood

8. Divorce, Marriage, and Cohabitation in Late Adulthood

During later life, romantic partnerships are different from partnerships in earlier life. Watch this lesson to find out more about marriage, cohabitation, remarriage, and divorce in later life, including their unique benefits and challenges.

Achievement in Late Adulthood

9. Achievement in Late Adulthood

For young people, achievement generally centers on work and raising a family. But what happens when you're retired and your family is grown? In this lesson, we'll look at the three types of achievement in late adulthood.

The Stages of Retirement: Psychological Effects & Examples

10. The Stages of Retirement: Psychological Effects & Examples

Many workers assume that retirement is the end point, but it's really just another phase in life. As such, retirees often go through certain stages. In this lesson, we'll examine each stage, from pre-retirement to the end of retirement.

Ego Integrity vs. Despair

11. Ego Integrity vs. Despair

During late adulthood, many people reflect on their lives. In this lesson, we'll examine the crisis of ego identity versus despair that people face in later life, including the three tasks that must be accomplished to reach ego identity.

Stereotypes in Late Adulthood: Factors of Ageism & Counter-Tactics

12. Stereotypes in Late Adulthood: Factors of Ageism & Counter-Tactics

As people age, they often have to confront stereotypes that others hold about late life, and some that they themselves hold about older adults. In this lesson, we'll look at stereotypes and the truth about late adulthood.

Alcohol, Drug, and Prescription Abuse in Late Adulthood

13. Alcohol, Drug, and Prescription Abuse in Late Adulthood

Late adulthood is a time of great change and adjustment. Due to changes in a person's body and life situation, substance abuse can be a real issue for some people. Watch this lesson to find out more about substance abuse in late adulthood.

Social Issues in Late Adulthood: Risk Factors & Impact

14. Social Issues in Late Adulthood: Risk Factors & Impact

Late adulthood is often called the 'golden years' of a person's life. But it's not always a positive experience. In this lesson, we'll look at two common issues that occur in late adulthood: poverty and elder abuse.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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