About This Chapter
Psychosocial Development in Adolescence - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Use this chapter to examine stages adolescents go through as they develop their sense of self. Video lessons can help you explore the part family and peer influences play in this social development and give you some insight into the cognitive processes behind risk-taking behaviors associated with this age group. Instructors can also help you identify some of the issues that result when adolescents have a hard time adjusting. Lessons in this chapter are designed to teach you:
- Erickson's and Marcia's stages of identity development
- The relationship between cognitive development and adolescent behavior
- Theories describing adolescent moral development in males and females
- Influences on adolescent social development and self-concept
|Changes in Sense of Self From Childhood to Adolescence||Recognize stages adolescents work through as they attempt to develop their identities.|
|Erikson's Identity vs. Role Confusion||Understand the adolescent identity crisis and Erikson's view of this stage of development.|
|James Marcia's Identity Theory: Understanding Adolescents' Search For Identity||Explore characteristics of the identity diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium and identity achievement stages of development.|
|Cognitive Development in Adolescents||Apply Piaget's formal operations stage to cognitive development among adolescents.|
|Changes in Cognitive Development During Adolescence||Discuss the ways in which adolescents' cognitive processes differ from adults. Learn how brain and social development influence behavior at this age.|
|Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development in Adolescence||Explain Kohlberg's theory of moral development as it relates to adolescents.|
|Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development in Adolescent Girls||Assess critiques of Kohlberg's theory based on race and gender. Present Gilligan's alternative theory of moral development in women.|
|Elkind's Theory of Adolescent Egocentrism||Understand how Elkind's theory of adolescent egocentrism is related to cognitive development and risk-taking behaviors.|
|Decision-Making and Risk-Taking Behaviors in Adolescence||Explain why adolescents are more likely to take risks than adults. Examine adolescent drug experimentation, questioning of sexuality and other risk-taking behaviors associated with adolescence.|
|Social Development of Adolescents: Identity||Define self-concept and discuss different identity statuses. Examine some common influences on identity.|
|Family Values and Relationships in Adolescence||Examine shared family values, non-shared family values, autonomy and interdependence. Pinpoint the ways in which sibling relationships change from childhood to adolescence.|
|Peers, Schools and Adolescent Development||Examine the influence of school setting and peers on adolescent development. Take a closer look at adolescent subculture, cliques, crowds and conformity.|
|Problems with Adjustment in Adolescence||Understand the major issues associated with adjustment during the adolescent period, including depression, substance abuse, violence, suicide and eating disorders.|
|Life Situation Issues in Adolescence||Explore life situation issues and consequences facing adolescents who leave their home as well as adolescences who work.|
|Stereotypes and Cultural Factors During Adolescence||Address stereotypes of adolescents and cross-cultural influences on adolescents.|
1. Changes in Sense of Self From Childhood to Adolescence
In this lesson, we will be exploring James Marcia's theory of identity in relation to the sense of self changing from childhood to adolescence. You'll study the four ways in which children navigate their identities into adolescence: foreclosure, moratorium, achievement, and diffusion.
2. Erikson's Identity vs. Role Confusion in Adolescent Development
Adolescents often rebel against their parents and try out new and different things. In this lesson, we'll look at Erik Erikson's theory of adolescent development, including how resolving a psychosocial crisis can lead to fidelity in interpersonal relationships.
3. James Marcia's Identity Theory: Understanding Adolescents' Search For Identity
Do you really know what you want out of life or what your political and religious beliefs are? The psychologist James Marcia suggested that there are four identity statuses, or stages, in developing who we are as individuals. These stages are achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, and diffusion. This lesson covers Marcia's theory and each identity status.
4. Cognitive Development in Adolescence: Piaget's Formal Operations Stage
As children grow into teenagers, they become better at higher level thinking skills. In this lesson, we'll look at the formal operations stage of psychologist Jean Piaget's cognitive development theory to learn how adolescents think.
5. Changes in Cognitive Development During Adolescence
Adolescence is a period of great change. Changes in the way teenagers think can cause them to do things like argue with adults. Watch this lesson for more information on the cognitive changes that occur in adolescence.
6. Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development in Adolescence
The way people think about what is right and what is wrong changes as they grow up. Watch this lesson to find out about Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development, including what it is and its main stages of morality.
7. Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development in Adolescent Girls
Morality views can change throughout the lifespan. But are these changes different for boys and girls? In this lesson, we'll examine critiques of Kohlberg's theory of moral development as well as Gilligan's alternative theory.
8. Elkind's Theory of Adolescent Egocentrism
Parents of teenagers often complain that their kids are self-centered. In this lesson, we'll examine psychologist David Elkind's theory of adolescent egocentrism, including what it is and how it impacts the way teenagers think.
9. Decision Making and Risk Taking Behaviors in Adolescence
Teenagers often behave in reckless ways. But why? In this lesson, we'll look at how brain development leads to risky behaviors in adolescence, including the brain systems involved and the evolutionary reason for risk-taking in teenagers.
10. Social Development of Adolescents: Identity
Adolescents often go through a process of discovering what they believe and who they are. In this lesson, we will examine how a teenager develops his or her self concept and identity. We will also take a look at common factors that influence a teen's identity.
11. Family Values and Relationships in Adolescence
During adolescence, teens begin to figure out who they are and what their beliefs are. In this lesson, we'll look at how family values and relationships with family members can influence adolescents' individual values and development.
12. Peers, Schools, and Adolescent Development
Adolescence is a time of change for most people. In this lesson, we'll look at the changes that occur in adolescence, including why peer groups become so important to teenagers and how school affects development.
13. Problems with Adjustment in Adolescence
Adolescence is a time of lots of changes, which can cause a lot of stress in a teen's life. In this lesson, we'll look at adjustment and maladaptive behaviors in adolescence, including how each manifests in teens' lives.
14. Life Situation Issues in Adolescence
Adolescence can be a difficult time, but some teens face life situations that can make it more difficult. Watch this lesson to find out how emancipation and part-time work affect adolescents' lives and the positives and negatives of each.
15. Stereotypes and Cultural Factors During Adolescence
Adolescence is a unique time in a person's life. But not every teen experiences adolescence in the same way. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the stereotypes about adolescents and the way that a teen's culture can influence how he or she acts.
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Other chapters within the DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Domains of Human Development
- Research Methods and the Study of Life Span Development
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- The Impact of Genetics in Human Development & Psychology
- Prenatal Development Concepts
- Childbirth and Newborn Characteristics
- Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood
- Physical and Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood
- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
- Physical and Sexual Development in Adolescence
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Adulthood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood
- Physical Development in Late Adulthood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
- Death and Dying: Stages and Psychological Impact
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology Flashcards