About This Chapter
Psychosocial Development in Early Childhood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Explore the influences of family, peers and culture during the earliest stages of children's self-socialization with the video lessons included in this chapter. You can also discover which factors drive our moral decision-making at different developmental stages and identify the connection between social influences and emotional maturity in young children. Lessons are designed to introduce you to the following:
- Influences on self-socialization and self-esteem
- Types of parenting styles and family systems
- Theories and stages of moral development
- Impact of culture on emotional development
|Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views||Examine the idea of the looking-glass self. Study the play, game and generalized other stages of self-socialization.|
|Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem||List actions caregivers can take to help develop children's positive self-esteem.|
|Parenting Styles||Study the characteristics of authoritarian, permissive, neglectful and authoritative parenting styles.|
|Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners||Learn how each of the four parenting styles impacts children's behavior in the classroom.|
|Family Systems: Definition and Types||Describe the different types of families, including extended and nuclear family systems.|
|Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development||Get an introduction to the field of moral development. Differentiate between care-based and justice-based morality. Identify the three stages in the ethics of care theory.|
|Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development||Follow Kohlberg's pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional stages of moral development.|
|Moral & Prosocial Behavior: Definitions & Examples of Classroom Applications||Learn how children internalize prosocial behaviors in order to develop their own sense of morality and fairness.|
|The Role of Culture, School and Media in Social and Emotional Development||Understand the roles culture, school and the media play in social and emotional development. Examine the link between these influences and aggressive behaviors.|
|Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood||List common fears and anxieties occurring in early childhood. Discuss ways to ease these fears.|
|Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood||Study emotion regulation in early childhood. Define the different types of aggression, such as instrumental and relational aggression.|
|Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development||Understand the effects of divorce, working parents and sexual abuse on young children.|
1. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views
In this lesson, we will explore the sense of self, self-socialization, and the two social scientists who contributed to this field. We will examine Charles Cooley's theory of the Looking-Glass Self and George Herbert Mead's stages of play, game, and generalized other.
2. Social Development of Children: Self-Esteem
The social development of children has a strong influence on self-esteem. In this lesson, we will explore the way children feel about themselves and look into several ways caretakers can improve a child's self-esteem.
3. Parenting Styles: Authoritarian, Permissive & Neglectful
How do parenting styles differ from one another, and which are most effective? You'll follow expectant parents, Mary and Larry, as they walk their neighborhood and try to learn from other parents.
4. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners
When you got in trouble as a child, how did your parents react? This lesson covers four different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting. Typical results from each parenting style are discussed in terms of children's behaviors, as well as application of the styles in a classroom environment.
5. Family Systems: Definition and Types
Families come in all shapes and sizes. In this lesson, we'll examine what makes a family, as well as some common types of families, including nuclear, matrifocal, extended, and blended families.
6. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.
7. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
8. Moral & Prosocial Behavior: Definitions & Examples of Classroom Applications
Caring, volunteering, empathizing with others: these are all traits of moral and prosocial behavior. As children age, they develop such moral and prosocial behaviors and traits. This lesson will define these key terms and discuss ways to promote moral and prosocial behavior in the classroom.
9. The Role of Culture, School, and Media in Social and Emotional Development
Everyone changes and grows throughout his or her life, but that change is influenced by many factors. In this lesson, we'll look at socioemotional development and how culture, school, and media, like television, impact it.
10. Fears and Anxieties in Early Childhood
Fear is a normal part of childhood, but many parents worry when their children act fearful. Watch this lesson to find out more about the purpose of fear, common childhood fears, and what parents can do to help children deal with fear.
11. Emotion Regulation and Aggression in Early Childhood
What happens when a sweet kid suddenly starts hitting, kicking, and doing other aggressive things? In this lesson, we'll explore aggression in early childhood, including the main types of aggression and how to increase self-regulation.
12. Social Issues that Impact Early Childhood Development
Young children are growing and changing every day as part of early childhood development. But what happens when issues get in the way of development? Watch this video for more information on how divorce and parental substance abuse can affect children.
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Other chapters within the DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Domains of Human Development
- Research Methods and the Study of Life Span Development
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- The Impact of Genetics in Human Development & Psychology
- Prenatal Development Concepts
- Childbirth and Newborn Characteristics
- Physical Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Infancy and Toddlerhood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
- Physical and Psychosocial Development in Middle Childhood
- Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
- Physical and Sexual Development in Adolescence
- Psychosocial Development in Adolescence
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Early Adulthood
- Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood
- Psychosocial Development in Middle Adulthood
- Physical Development in Late Adulthood
- Psychosocial and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
- Death and Dying: Stages and Psychological Impact
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST Lifespan Developmental Psychology Flashcards