About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering punctuation rules will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the grammar of punctuation. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
- Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
- Students who have fallen behind in their studying of punctuation
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning grammar (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam
How It Works:
- Watch each video in the chapter to review all key topics.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
- Complete your review with the Punctuation Rules chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: The lessons in this chapter cover only information you need to know.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging instruction makes topics easy to comprehend.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Punctuation Rules chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any English grammar question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: View lessons on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about punctuation rules for a standard English course. Topics covered include:
- The placement of commas
- The punctuation of parentheses and quotation marks
- Employing parenthetical citations
- The apostrophe 's'
- Using semicolons
- Colons, hyphens, and em dashes
- Applying brackets in writing
1. Do You Need a Comma After 'So' or 'And'?
In this video, you'll learn how to use a comma before the two conjunctions 'so' and 'and.' You'll also explore some examples of when to use a comma after these conjunctions, so that you can see the different contexts for applying the rule.
2. Do You Need a Comma Before But, Because, Which or And?
In this lesson, you will learn the rules for using a comma before 'but,' 'and,' 'because,' 'which,' and 'or.' You will practice with some examples of when to apply the rules to gain a better understanding. Lastly, you will have practice mastering these grammar skills.
3. Does Punctuation Go Inside or Outside Parentheses?
We are going to take a look at how you punctuate when using parentheses, and when you are finished, you will be able to answer the question: Does punctuation go inside our outside parentheses?
4. Does Punctuation Go Inside Quotation Marks?
Punctuation marks inside and outside of quotation marks can be very confusing. Different countries have different rules. In this lesson, you will look at examples and find the easiest solution for most punctuation with quotation mark questions.
5. How & When to Use Quotation Marks
In this lesson, you will learn how and when to use quotation marks. There are three main situations this lesson will cover: when writing exact words people have said, writing to highlight specific words, and for nicknames.
6. How to Use Parenthetical Citations
Parenthetical citations are used in two of the most common style guides for academic writing, APA and MLA. Parenthetical citations quickly guide the reader to the source being cited.
7. Rules for Apostrophe 's'
The use of apostrophe 's' has proven confusing to many people, so if it confuses you, try not to worry. You are not alone. This lesson will take the mystery out of the apostrophe 's' and leave you feeling confident.
8. Rules for When to Use a Semicolon
The semicolon is a misunderstood and frequently misused punctuation mark. This lesson will discuss how to use semicolons to join independent clauses and in lists.
9. Using Commas in a Series: Rules & Examples
Everybody loves a good series. But, how are commas used in a series? What is an Oxford comma? If you're wondering about these questions, continue reading this lesson.
10. What are Colons? - Definition & Examples
This lesson will discuss the main use of colons, which is used to join independent clauses with another part of a sentence. We will go over some of its more specialized uses as well.
11. What is a Hyphen? - Rules & Examples
In this lesson, we'll learn what the hyphen punctuation mark is, how the hyphen is different from a dash, and the main rules for using hyphens in your writing.
12. What is a Parenthetical Citation? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson we'll explore the definition of parenthetical citations. We will also look at examples of two of the most popular forms of parenthetical notation. Read on to learn more.
13. What is a Semicolon? - Definition & Examples
You are going to love using the semicolon! This powerful punctuation mark allows you to join together two sentences that are related to each other, and this results in a stronger, more interesting sentence.
14. What is an Em Dash? - Definition & Examples
Em dashes are punctuation marks that are useful when a writer wants to emphasize a particular phrase within a sentence. They can also be used to indicate an interruption in thought or conversation. Em dashes are easy to identify and use.
15. When & How to Use an Em Dash
In the age of texting, it almost seems outdated. But this scrappy little line is versatile enough to sub in for parentheses, commas, semicolons, and more - let's take a look at some use cases for your new favorite punctuation mark: the em dash.
16. When & How to Use Brackets in Writing
This lesson explains how and when to use brackets in writing. You'll find that brackets are a useful tool when you are using direct quotations in your writing.
17. When Do You Need a Comma?
Commas are a critical part of grammar, but they can be tricky to use. In this lesson, we will learn a few of the basic rules of using a comma to make our writings clearer for readers.
18. What is an En Dash? - Use & Examples
If you have ever wondered what an en dash is or how to use it, look no further. En dashes are an important part of punctuation, especially when you are writing about numbers and ranges. In this lesson we will explore when and how to use en dashes in writing.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.