About This Chapter
Punishment & Corrections - Chapter Summary
This engaging chapter outlines punishment and corrections for your review. Our lessons cover the relationship between crime and punishment, as well as the history of corrections. If you're studying for a test, take the lesson quizzes and chapter test to see how well you'll do on test day. These learning materials are accessible on your mobile phone, tablet or computer 24 hours a day for convenient, flexible studying. This chapter will help you understand how to:
- Define intermediate sanctions
- Discuss the history of probation and parole
- Detail the role jails play in the U.S.
- Outline the characteristics of U.S. jail populations
- Describe the history and purpose of prisons
- Identify the effects of solitary confinement
- Explain the pros and cons of capital punishment
- Discuss the characteristics of a juvenile detention center
1. The Relationship Between Crime & Punishment
The criminal law sets out both crimes and punishments, which are designed to align with each other. This lesson defines criminal punishment, explains punishment theories and explores the relationship between crime and punishment.
2. History of Corrections & its Impact on Modern Concepts
Today's corrections system is much different than the early punishment system. This lesson outlines the historical development of the United States' corrections system and explains its impact on modern concepts.
3. Intermediate Sanctions: Definition, Purpose & Advantages
Intermediate sanctions are a form of punishment used in the criminal justice system. These criminal sentences fall between probation and incarceration. This lesson explains intermediate sanctions.
4. Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes
More offenders are sentenced to probation and parole than are sentenced to incarceration. This lesson explains the history and purpose of probation and parole, including the difference between the two.
5. Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues
Jails are one means of incarceration used in the U.S. criminal justice system. This lesson explains the role of jails, the difference between jails and prisons, and some challenges jail administrators face.
6. Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose
Today's prisons bear little resemblance to those of years past. This lesson outlines the historical development of United States' prisons and explains the main characteristics and purposes of American prisons.
7. Prisoners: Characteristics of U.S. Inmate Populations
The Bureau of Justice Statistics, or BJS, collects, analyzes and publishes data relating to crime in the United States. This lesson discusses BJS data regarding the characteristics of prison inmate populations, including age, gender and race.
8. Solitary Confinement: Definition & Effects
In this lesson, we'll define and discuss solitary confinement and the situations in which it is employed. We'll also discuss the effect it has on prisoners and recent challenges made to its widespread use.
9. What Is Capital Punishment? - Definition, History, Pros & Cons
Learn about capital punishment. Examine the definition and history of capital punishment, and review the pros and cons of capital punishment to gain a thorough understanding.
10. Juvenile Detention Center: Purpose & Characteristics
Approximately 70,000 juveniles every day are removed from their homes after committing criminal offenses, many of them ending up in juvenile detention centers. This lesson will review the purpose and characteristics of those centers.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 104: Introduction to Criminology course
- Intro to Criminology
- Crime Categories, Characteristics & Elements
- Measuring Crime through Criminal Justice Research
- Crime Patterns & Trends
- Victimization in Criminal Justice
- Rational Choice & Trait Theories in Criminology
- Social Structure & Social Process Theories in Criminology
- Social Conflict Theories & Restorative Justice
- Developmental Theories of Crime
- Overview of Violent Crime
- Types of Murder
- Types of Sex Crimes
- Basics of Property Crime
- Economic & Public Order Crimes
- Crimes of Moral Turpitude
- Political Crime & Terrorism
- Understanding Cyber Crime
- American Criminal Justice Systems
- Law Enforcement in America
- Studying for Criminal Justice 104