About This Chapter
Reactions & Compounds in Organic Chemistry- Chapter Summary
Through this online organic chemistry chapter, you'll come to understand more about types of reactions and compounds. You will learn about the Cannizzaro reaction, Friedel-Crafts acylation reactions and use of the Perkin reaction. In other lessons, you'll explore aldol condensation, ways to name organic compounds, the properties of polymers and structure of monosaccharides. After completing this chapter, you'll be ready to:
- Distinguish the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules
- Understand what inductive effect and mesomeric effect is
- Provide examples of electrophiles
- Define the term nucleophiles
- Explore reaction intermediates
- Review several types of organic reactions
- Understand three types of reactions that happen in organic chemistry
We know you may have a busy schedule and a lot of responsibilities. That is why all of our lessons are short and to the point. They are taught by highly knowledgeable instructors, so the lessons are information-packed. Our video lessons come with a timeline feature that allows you to jump around to areas you need to concentrate on more. Our text lessons are filled with bolded terms and phrases that emphasize the material you should be focusing on.
1. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
2. Electrophile: Definition & Examples
Electrophilic atoms or molecules are on a constant hunt for electron pairs. Discover what an electrophile is, its role in electrophilic addition, and examples of electrophiles. Test your electrophile expertise by taking a quiz at the end of the lesson.
3. Nucleophile: Definition & Examples
Nucleophiles are at the core of an important group of reactions in organic chemistry. In this lesson, we explore the definition of nucleophile as well as look at some examples to develop our understanding of the topic.
4. What is a Reaction Intermediate? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will be discussing the most common reactive intermediates in organic chemistry. Our topics we will be exploring will be carbanions, free radicals, and carbocations.
5. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
6. Organic Chemical Reactions: Redox, Esterification & Fermentation
There are many different types of reactions that occur in organic chemistry. This lesson will highlight three reactions, explaining which organic molecules are the reactants and which are the products, as well as what occurs during the reaction.
7. Cannizzaro Reaction: Mechanism & Examples
The Cannizzaro reaction is a reaction between two aldehydes forming a carboxylic acid and an alcohol. We will learn how this reaction occurs and the mechanism by which it occurs.
8. Friedel-Crafts Acylation Reactions in Synthesis
Aromatic compounds are important biological compounds, but it is difficult to see reactions occur on them. Friedel-Crafts Acylation are one type of reaction that can occur on aromatic compounds.
9. Perkin Reaction: Definition & Mechanism
This lesson defines an organic condensation reaction which is popularly called the Perkin reaction. It also discusses the mechanism of the reaction and talks about its uses and applications.
10. Aldol Condensation: Mechanism & Reaction
Use this lesson to learn about aldol condensation, a very interesting organic chemistry reaction. Read about the purpose of an aldol condensation and understand its mechanism and reaction.
11. Naming Organic Compounds: Rules & Practice
Have you ever wondered how compounds like pentane got their name? Discover a practical way to name organic compounds using tried and tested rules. Practice using these rules to name different organic compounds.
12. What Are Polymers? - Properties, Applications & Examples
Polymers are huge molecules that are encountered in nature as well as in our modern technology. This lesson introduces students to polymers, their properties, and some of the many ways polymers are found in the modern world.
13. Monosaccharides: Definition, Structure & Examples
Carbohydrates are a very important part of our diet because they are one of our main sources of energy. The most basic unit of carbohydrates is monosaccharides, which is the main focus of our lesson.
14. Electronic Displacements in Covalent Bonds
In this lesson, we discuss four different types of electronic displacements in covalent bonds: inductive effects, resonance, hyperconjugation, and electromeric effects. We will discuss how these effects influence molecular stability and chemical reactivity.
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