About This Chapter
Standard: By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.10)
About This Chapter
You can use this chapter of quick lessons to bolster your students' abilities to read at the target level of complexity by the end of 12th grade. Guide their practice in the use of visualization, using context clues and understanding how to use inference. Upon completion, students can meet the following objectives:
- Know when to use big picture reading or close reading strategies
- Use visualization to gain meaning in reading
- Use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to eke out meanings
- Choose the correct reference materials for vocabulary support
You can tell if your students have attained this standard through their ability to discuss and respond in writing to select text reading assignments. Skill mastery for this standard and lessons can aid students in their college courses and careers that require the ability to understand written and spoken vocabulary.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Let the following lesson ideas accompany your regular curriculum to help meet the Common Core standards.
Pick a short piece of interesting text based in history/social studies. Using paper, board or technology, teachers can illustrate scenes visualized/imagined to accompany text being read aloud. For teachers not artistically inclined, the presentation could be planned ahead by using graphics gleaned through other means. Discuss what observers might understand about the reading that visualization helped to solidify.
Instructors might then choose another brief selection, this time just 'talking through' what is being visualized. For homework, students could be asked to choose scenes from a text and draw or write about what they see in their 'minds' eyes' and tell how that aided their reading comprehension.
Have Any Priors?
Your students know more than they realize! Share a short selection containing subject matter to match knowledge held by most of your students, possibly tied to your local region. As a large group, dissect the text, compiling a list of words that might not be understood by someone living on the opposite end of the country or by those with very different backgrounds or interests.
Range of Reference
Share the Study.com lesson about reference materials. Building upon the words noted in the previous lesson, address one word at a time and decide as a group whether a dictionary, thesaurus or glossary would be the best place for someone unfamiliar with the word to begin the search.
Then have students share another small text selection containing vocabulary unfamiliar to most in the classroom. Having divided your class into three sections, one portion will hold dictionaries, one part will have thesauruses and the final third will have access to a glossary for the text. Task students to compete, as each word is named, to see who can discover the word's meaning first. Also, discuss other possible reference materials, books vs. online references, using people as references, etc.
1. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies
In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'
2. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
3. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how readers use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to aid their understanding of what they read. Explore these strategies through examples from literature and everyday life.
4. Using Reference Materials for Vocabulary
In this lesson, we will explore various reference materials that will allow you to increase your vocabulary. Common reference materials include dictionaries, glossaries, and thesauruses.
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Other chapters within the Common Core History & Social Studies Grades 11-12: Literacy Standards course
- Using Evidence to Support Analysis: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.1
- Central Ideas in Writing: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.2
- Evaluating Explanations in Writing: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.3
- Determining the Meaning of Words: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.4
- Analyzing Text Structure: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.5
- Evaluating View Points: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.6
- Using Multiple Sources of Information: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.7
- Evaluating Sources: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.8
- Integrating Information from Different Sources: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.11-12.9
- Informational Texts Examples for CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH11-12.10