About This Chapter
Reading Comprehension Approaches - Chapter Summary
This comprehensive chapter examines a variety of useful reading comprehension approaches. Watch these simple video lessons to brush up on essential literary devices as well as strategies for analyzing purpose, point of view, evidence, word relationships and arguments in a text. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Use effective reading comprehension tricks
- Analyze a text's purpose and understand the gist of an essay
- Explain a text's main point through supporting detail
- Differentiate between first, second and third person points of view
- Evaluate a text's tone, mood, arguments and reasoning
- Recognize inconsistencies and gaps in a text
- Evaluate sources for reliability and validity
- Define the terms connotation, denotation, allusion illusion, metaphor and simile
You can access the lessons on any device that has an Internet connection, and you'll be able to practice applying these reading comprehension methods by taking the included self-assessment quizzes. If you have any questions, simply reach out to our English experts. The chapter also comes with printable transcripts that you can use for offline reference.
1. Improving Reading Comprehension: Tips and Tricks
In this lesson, we're going to explore some tips and tricks to improve reading comprehension. We'll discover how active reading works and practice some techniques that will promote better understanding of reading materials.
2. How to Analyze the Purpose of a Text
In this lesson, we will learn how to analyze the purpose of a text. We will explore some of the primary purposes and practice determining purpose using some writing samples.
3. Get the Gist of an Essay & Improve Reading Comprehension
In this lesson, we learn quick rules of getting the 'gist' or point of a sentence, paragraph and essay. This skill will improve your reading speed and help you become a more effective and efficient reader and writer.
4. How to Explain the Main Point through Supporting Details
In this lesson, you'll learn how to identify the supporting details that explain the main idea being presented in a piece of literature. You will also learn different strategies that can be applied to future questions about the main idea.
5. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
6. Understanding Tone and Mood in a Reading Passage
In this lesson, we will define the literary terms tone and mood. We will then discuss how to identify each of them, as well as how to identify them in small reading passages.
7. How to Recognize Gaps & Inconsistencies in a Text
In this lesson, we will learn how to recognize gaps and inconsistencies in nonfiction and fiction texts. We will pay special attention to gaps in arguments and informational texts.
8. Textual Evidence & Interpreting an Informational Text
In this lesson, we will explore informational texts. Along the way, we will discover a few tips to make reading this type of text easier, and we will pay special attention to textual evidence.
9. Evaluating Reasoning in an Essay or Article
Being able to effectively evaluate reasoning can be helpful to you as you develop your own deductive and inductive reasoning skills and put those skills to work in persuasive essays. This lesson sheds some light on how to evaluate reasoning.
10. Assessing the Reliability and Validity of Sources
In the business world, any research material must have support that can provide validity and reliability. The support must be credible and have documentation to show that it is well-researched, professional, peer-reviewed and recent.
11. How to Analyze Two Texts with Opposing Arguments
In this lesson, we'll discuss how to analyze two texts that present opposing arguments. We'll examine arguments based on varying evidence and on varying assumptions.
12. Understanding Words By Their Relationships
Many words in the English language have multiple meanings. To really understand a word, we have to understand the relationship between particular words. In this lesson, we will examine this through connotations, denotations, synonyms, and analogies.
13. What Are Connotation and Denotation? - Definitions & Examples
Discover the difference between a word's denotation and its connotation in this lesson. Explore how authors use both denotation and connotation to add layers of meaning to their work with some literary examples.
14. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.
15. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.
16. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples
Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.
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