About This Chapter
Reading Instruction - Chapter Summary
The objective of this chapter is to review strategies you can teach students to improve their reading skills. These video and text lessons are taught by our professional instructors who will show you ways to improve students' fluency, comprehension, and ability to make predictions and draw conclusions. When you're finished you should have a clear understanding of:
- Steps in learning to read
- Homonyms versus homophones
- Deriving word meaning through relationships of words, affixes and roots
- Promoting automatic assessment of sight words
- Using context clues to determine word meaning
- Facilitating reading development with children's books and literature
- Making predictions and drawing conclusions using reading selections
- Scaffolding instruction, visualization and literature activities
The lessons are mobile device friendly so you can study them when away from a computer. They also include transcripts and quizzes. The transcripts are lesson overviews that will help you identify key vocabulary terms. The quizzes provide the opportunity to test your understanding of the lessons, so you can identify topics you need to work on some more.
1. Steps in Learning to Read
Learning to read is a multifaceted process. This lesson will explore the steps necessary to learn how to read and will end with a short quiz to test what you have learned.
2. How to Teach Reading: Planning and Execution
Feeling overwhelmed with the immensity of teaching reading comprehension? Watch this video lesson to learn four easy steps to plan and execute reading lessons.
3. Spelling: Words That Sound Alike (Homonyms & Homophones)
Watch this lesson to learn to differentiate between words that sound alike but may be spelled differently. We'll specifically look at homonyms, homographs, and homophones.
4. Understanding Words By Their Relationships
Many words in the English language have multiple meanings. To really understand a word, we have to understand the relationship between particular words. In this lesson, we will examine this through connotations, denotations, synonyms, and analogies.
5. Using Affixes and Roots to Find the Meaning of Words
In this lesson, we will learn how to understand the meaning of words by breaking them down into the parts that form them. This requires knowledge of the Greek and Latin roots, and affixes, which are parts we add to roots to make new words.
6. Promoting & Assessing Sight Word Automaticity
One of the most important ways to help emergent readers gain in competence and fluency is by promoting their awareness of sight words. In this lesson, learn how to assess students' knowledge of sight words and how to promote development of automaticity.
7. Teaching Reading Fluency to Improve Reading Comprehension
Fluency is one of the key pillars of good reading instruction. This lesson will give you some ideas about teaching fluency and explain how fluency enhances reading comprehension.
8. How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words
With diligence and intrepid ingenuity, you can use context to ascertain the purport of a word. In other words, in this lesson, we'll find out how to use context to figure out what words mean.
9. How Children's Books Facilitate Reading Development
When learning to read, it's important for children to, well, read. Sounds simple, right? Not so fast. The right book can make all the difference between a positive and frustrating experience. This lesson outlines how books help children learn to read and offers a guide to finding that perfect text.
10. What is Children's Literature? - History, Themes & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about children's literature, the only genre defined by its audience, through a discussion of its history and themes, while also taking at look at some representative examples.
11. How to Teach Reading Comprehension
Teaching reading comprehension requires instilling in the learner the use of several strategies and skills. This lesson will focus on cognitive skills and notation strategies that will enhance reading comprehension.
12. Drawing Conclusions from a Reading Selection
When someone drops hints, we're able to draw conclusions about what they're really trying to say. Similarly, as readers, we use clues to draw conclusions from texts. This lesson explains how to draw conclusions and how to teach this important skill.
13. How to Make Predictions Based on Information from a Reading Selection
Making predictions when reading is an important reading comprehension strategy. In this lesson, we will discuss why it is important and how to model and practice it.
14. Strategies for Scaffolding Reading Instruction
Ever heard the phrase 'reading is the gateway to all learning'? Reading is one of the areas targeted by most states for assessment because it not only is a critical area in academics, but also an area where most students were not showing gains. This lesson will highlight strategies to help struggling readers develop skills to be successful in the classroom.
15. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
16. Strategies & Activities for Responding to Literature
A piece of literature can be a daunting task for some students. This lesson gives a few strategies for having your students respond to literature in relatable and applicable ways.
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