About This Chapter
Reading Process Models & Theories - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter cover different strategies and schemas that you can incorporate into the classroom to improve student literacy. You'll learn about types of processing, hands-on instructional strategies and how to use schemata in teaching. By the end of the chapter, you'll also be proficient in the following:
- Attention, top-down and bottom-up processing
- Part-to-whole and whole-to-part strategies for instruction
- Reader-based and psycholinguistic approaches
- Interactive, expository, hands-on and collaborative strategies
- Transactional instruction
- Balanced literacy
Use the video lessons to quickly cover the topics you want to review. Each lesson lasts between five and ten minutes, so you'll get up to speed in a short period of time. Lessons can be viewed on any device - study from your phone, tablet or laptop anywhere you'd like! Contact our expert instructors if you have any questions about the lesson material.
1. Bottom-Up Processing in Psychology: Examples & Definition
In this lesson, you'll learn what bottom-up processing is and review some examples of this decision-making strategy. Then, test your knowledge with a quiz.
2. Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing
Are you a big-picture person or do you get caught up in the details? Explore two ways that you can use your cognitive resources to focus your attention. This lesson provides both the details and the big picture for top-down and bottom-up processing.
3. Using Schemata in Education
Think about all the things that you know about. In this lesson, we'll examine schemata, or ideas about things that you know, and how they relate to education, including what teachers should do to use schemata with their students.
4. Part-to-Whole Instructional Strategies & Examples
Do you know the expression '~'You need to crawl before you can walk?~' Part-to-whole instructional strategies take that approach, and in this video we'll explore what they are and how teachers can use them in the classroom.
5. Text-Based Instructional Strategies
There are many ways to teach children to read, from phonics instruction to surrounding children with books and letting them read naturally. In this lesson, we'll look at one type of instruction, text-based, and its pros and cons.
6. Whole-to-Part, Reader-Based & Psycholinguistic Instructional Approaches
In this lesson, we'll examine how to teach reading using whole-to-part strategies, including what psycholinguistics says about the ways words differ from each other.
7. Instructional Strategies: Hands-On, Interactive, Expository & Collaborative
In this lesson, we will use the fictional Academy of Magic to illustrate four types of instructional strategies that teachers use in the classroom: expository instruction, interactive instruction, hands-on instruction and collaborative instruction.
8. Transactional Strategy Instruction
Have you ever noticed all the different things that you do as you read? Whether it's visualizing what you're reading or making predictions about what's to come, using reading strategies is a key part of the transactional approach to reading instruction.
9. Balanced Literacy: Activities & Examples
With all the different ways to teach reading and writing, things can feel overwhelming. In this lesson, we'll look at one way to combine disparate ideas about literacy instruction and how to apply it in the classroom.
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Other chapters within the PLACE Reading Teacher: Practice & Study Guide course
- Foundations of Reading
- Language & Reading Development
- Emergent Literacy
- Teaching Vocabulary
- Learning Through Context
- Analyzing Content While Reading
- Fostering Strategic Readers
- Instructional Strategies for Literacy
- Interrelationships in Language Arts
- Impacts on Reading Instruction
- Teaching Diverse Learners to Read
- Reading Assessment & Evaluation
- Using Data to Monitor Progress in Reading
- Selecting Reading Materials & Resources
- Role of the Reading Professional
- Role of Parents & the Community in Reading Instruction
- Managing the Classroom
- PLACE Reading Teacher Flashcards