About This Chapter
Standard: By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 9-10 text complexity band independently and proficiently. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.10)
About This Chapter
Tighten up your students' reading comprehension of history and social studies texts with the quick lessons in this chapter. By the time you've completed this collection of fun lessons, your 9th and 10th grade students will display confidence when working with the following:
- Big picture vs. close reading
- Using context clues, word structure and prior knowledge
- Inferring intended meanings
- Vocabulary reference materials
You can feel secure that they've mastered these skills when students can read, understand and discuss history and social studies selections from the grades 9-10 text complexity band. These skills will come in handy as students progress through high school and pursue college degrees. These strategies could also be useful in professions that require strong reading comprehension skills.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are a few lesson ideas that you could try to incorporate these reading strategies into your classroom.
After sharing the video lesson about visualization, teachers might model the visualization process for students by first using a selection from a popular young adult novel. This could be done through words or the use of graphics. The same steps can then be followed by using a history/social studies text. For homework, learners could be asked to use visualization techniques with short content area selections, expressing their results in words or pictures.
Watch the inference video lesson in class or assign for homework. Share a short fictional story that relies heavily upon inference within the plot. Explore what might have happened if certain characters had made incorrect inferences. Then switch to a short informational piece that holds vocabulary with inferences to meanings. Walk students through the thought process of choosing possible meanings for the words.
Examine the various types of reference materials available to discover the meanings of words. Distribute pieces of informational text containing widely unknown vocabulary for students at this level. In small groups, limit the type of materials (both online and print versions) available and ask them to decipher the words as quickly as possible, progressing through the text types one at a time. Note in chart form which materials seemed to work the most effectively for each type of text. Discuss the possible reasons for the results.
1. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies
In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'
2. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
3. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how readers use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to aid their understanding of what they read. Explore these strategies through examples from literature and everyday life.
4. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
5. Using Reference Materials for Vocabulary
In this lesson, we will explore various reference materials that will allow you to increase your vocabulary. Common reference materials include dictionaries, glossaries, and thesauruses.
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Other chapters within the Common Core History & Social Studies Grades 9-10: Literacy Standards course
- Evidence to Support Analysis: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.1
- Representing Core Ideas: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.2
- Analysis of Connected Events: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.3
- Understanding Vocabulary: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.4
- Role of Text Structure: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.5
- Comparing Two Points of View: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.6
- Integrating Different Types of Analysis: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.7
- Evaluating Reasoning and Evidence: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.8
- Compare and Contrast: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.9
- Samples of Informational Texts for CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.10