About This Chapter
Realism in Art - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Realism was an art movement that occurred in the late 19th century. In this chapter, you'll learn how the development of photography, the printing press and lithography made an impression on art during that time. You'll also learn about famous artwork from Edouard Manet and Gustave Courbet. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- How printmaking influenced the mass production of art
- How the lithography process works
- The meaning of literary realism
- What an art manifesto is
|The Impact of Printmaking on 19th-Century Art||Explore how images were mass produced in the 19th century.|
|Comparing Realism in Literature & Art||Learn the similarities and differences between artistic realism and literary realism.|
|Art Manifestos of the Nineteenth-Century||Understand the meaning of and see examples of art manifestos during the 19th century.|
|The Reclining Nudes of Gustave Courbet & Edouard Manet||Examine the 'reclining nudes' collection of paintings by Edouard Manet and Gustave Courbet.|
|Lithography: Process & Famous Works||Explore how the lithography process occurs and read about famous lithographic work.|
|Reception of Manet's Olympia & Déjeuner sur l'Herbe||Study the paintings Olympia and Déjeuner sur l'Herbe by Edouard Manet and understand the influence that the art had in France.|
|The Art of Photography: Development & Uses||Learn how photography developed as an art form.|
|Impact of Iron & Steel in 19th-Century Architecture||Look at the use of steel and iron and in 19th buildings, including skyscrapers.|
1. The Impact of Printmaking on 19th-Century Art
Delve into the practices of printmaking that gave 19th-century artists the medium to push the boundaries of popular and high art. Learn about significant historical art traditions and innovations as a result of the Industrial Revolution.
2. Comparing Realism in Literature & Art
Explore works of visual art and literature made in the style of 19th century realism. Learn about key painters and authors who aimed at creating realistic depictions of the world through their art.
3. Art Manifestos of the Nineteenth-Century
Learn about the forces of change driving innovation in the nineteenth century art world. Explore the movements that changed the face of art and aesthetics. An evaluative quiz follows the lesson.
4. The Reclining Nudes of Gustave Courbet & Edouard Manet
This lesson explores the controversial artwork of Courbet and Manet. You'll also learn about the dramatic shifts in aesthetics, style and taste that marked the beginning of Modernism in France.
5. Reception of Manet's Olympia & Dejeuner sur l'Herbe
Learn about the controversial art work of French painter Edouard Manet. Explore the ways in which his painting contributed to the rise of Modernism and the influence of eroticism in art.
6. Lithography: Process & Famous Works
Learn about the invention of lithography and its impact on the 19th century art world. Discover innovations in art production and reception in 'fin de siecle' France by Edgar Degas, Toulouse Lautrec and Alphonse Mucha.
7. The Art of Photography: Development & Uses
Explore the innovations that brought about the invention of photography in the 19th century. Learn about social stigmas and art rivalries that contributed to the derision and eventual acceptance of photography as an art form.
8. Impact of Iron & Steel in 19th-Century Architecture
Explore the architecture of 19th century World's Fairs. Learn about the designers who engineered with iron and steel, building on industrial advances that made skyscrapers both possible and necessary for a modernizing Western world.
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Other chapters within the Art 101: Art of the Western World course
- The Art of Ancient Egypt
- The Art of the Ancient Near East
- The Art of Ancient Greece
- The Art of Ancient Rome
- Early Christian Art
- Byzantine Art
- The Art of Early Medieval Europe
- Romanesque Art
- Gothic Art
- Fifteenth-Century Italian Art
- Fifteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Sixteenth-Century Italian Art
- Sixteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Baroque Art
- Rococo Art
- Neoclassical Art
- Romanticism in Art
- Impressionist Art
- Post-Impressionist Art
- Art of the Early Twentieth Century
- Postwar to Postmodern Art
- Contemporary Art