About This Chapter
Reasoning, Analogies & Logic - Chapter Summary
If you need help understanding the basics of reasoning, analogies and logic, you've reached the right place! This chapter is filled with short lessons you can access anytime to learn more about reasoning in math, association analogies, Venn diagrams and much more. Complete this chapter to ensure you're able to:
- Differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning
- Solve non-verbal analytical reasoning questions
- List and describe the five main logic connectives
- Define and discuss parts of the logical argument
- Describe classification, characteristics, association and part to whole analogies
- Understand strategies for solving logical classification and series completion problems
- Utilize strategies for solving chart logic problems
- Discuss Venn diagrams
Feel confident in your ability to grasp the basics of reasoning, analogies and logic by customizing the lessons to your study needs and personal schedule. Select lessons to review, and navigate them in any sequence. Check your understanding by taking multiple-choice quizzes and a practice exam. Any questions you have about topics covered in the lessons can be submitted to our experts via the Dashboard.
1. The Differences Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Inductive and deductive reasoning are often confused. This lesson introduces the concept of reasoning and gives you tips and tricks to keeping inductive and deductive reasoning straight.
2. Analytical Reasoning: Non-Verbal Questions
In this lesson, we discuss non-verbal questions and how they play a major role in the process of analytical reasoning. We review how to practice and solve these questions.
3. Reasoning in Mathematics: Connective Reasoning
Connective reasoning is reasoning that has an operation, or a way to connect two phrases. The five main logic connectives will be reviewed in this lesson.
4. Logical Argument: Definition, Parts & Examples
Logic, the process from which logical argument stems, is the basis upon which current theories of our world are built. In this lesson, we will explore the concepts relevant to a logical argument by examining the process through examples.
5. Classification Analogies: Definition & Types
One of the most common types of analogies are classification analogies, which compares terms according to categories. In this lesson, we'll look at how to identify and solve them.
6. Characteristic Analogies: Definition & Types
Let's face it: at some point you're going to have to solve analogies, and characteristic analogies are among the most common. After this lesson, they'll also be among the easiest.
7. Association Analogies: Definition & Types
Association analogies are the most common analogies found on tests. There are four different kinds and in this lesson, we will cover the definition and main types of association analogies.
8. Part to Whole Analogies: Definition & Types
Analogies are often a cause of concern for many students, with part to whole analogies being among the most common. This lesson teaches the steps to solve a part to whole analogy.
9. Series Completion Problems: Definition & Strategies
Read this lesson to learn how you can solve series completion problems. Learn how to spot a pattern which you can continue as well as how to find if something is wrong with a given series.
10. Venn Diagrams: Subset, Disjoint, Overlap, Intersection & Union
The Venn diagram was introduced by John Venn. Yes, the Venn diagram is named after a real person! His idea was to show sets in terms of pictures. The Venn diagram is now used in many fields, including mathematics. Let's take a look at John Venn's idea.
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