About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding post-Civil War America and Reconstruction
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a Reconstruction unit of a standard AP U.S. history course. Topics covered include:
- Lincoln's legacy
- The presidencies of Andrew Johnson and Ulysses Grant
- The Reconstruction Amendments
- The effects, failures and successes of Reconstruction
- The Homestead Act, Transcontinental Railroad and women's suffrage
- The Indian Wars
1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
2. President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan
When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the task of Reconstruction fell to President Andrew Johnson. He was soon at odds with many different factions in the nation. While Johnson was not successful in domestic policy, his administration had a few foreign successes.
3. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress
Congressional Reconstruction, guided by Radical Republicans, aggressively pursued political equality for African Americans as defined by several pieces of legislation and the 14th Amendment. Conflict between Congress and President Andrew Johnson escalated until he was impeached.
4. President Ulysses S. Grant: Election, Successes and Corruption
Ulysses S. Grant, the Union hero of the Civil War, was elected in 1868, the last U.S. president to have been a slave owner. Despite his popularity, the nation faced social, economic and political difficulties, and his administration was shrouded in corruption.
5. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
6. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
7. Life in the South After the Civil War
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.
8. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
9. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers
As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.
10. The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876
Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, Republicans had tried to Reconstruct the South and secure equal rights for African American men. But a series of factors convened to bring Reconstruction to an end in 1877.
11. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
12. Presidential Election of 1868: Ulysses S. Grant vs. Horatio Seymour
Learn about the first presidential election to take place after the U.S. Civil War, which pitted Ulysses S. Grant against Horatio Seymour, in this lesson. When you're finished, take the quiz and see what you've learned.
13. Andrew Johnson: Presidency, Impeachment & Trial
Andrew Johnson was thrust into the presidency after Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. He was met with strong opposition in Congress and barely escaped impeachment. Develop an understanding of Johnson as president and his trial of impeachment. Test your knowledge with a short quiz.
14. Grant's Overland Campaign: History & Summary
The Overland Campaign took place in May and June 1864. It ended with Union forces beginning the siege of Petersburg and was the bloodiest campaign of the war with more than 80,000 casualties.
15. Ku Klux Klan During Reconstruction: History & Explanation
The history of violence in United States extends back to the beginning of the nation. Learn how the Ku Klux Klan contributed to the history of violence in America during the Reconstruction era, 1863-1877.
16. Peninsular Campaign in 1862: History & Summary
The Peninsular Campaign of 1862 was a Union attempt to capture Richmond, Virginia, from March to early August 1862. Despite coming close to their goal, Union troops were stopped by Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
17. Slaughterhouse Cases of 1873: Summary, Overview
In this lesson, we explore the Slaughterhouse Cases of 1873. The case set before the Supreme Court pitted a group of butchers against the city of New Orleans in an early test of the 1868 Fourteenth Amendment.
18. The Hudson River School: Paintings, Artists & Art
The Hudson River School was a group of American artists based in New York. Part of the Romantic Movement, they were known for their landscapes and pastoral settings.
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