About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our AP U.S. History Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the Reconstruction period that followed the Civil War. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the years from 1865-1877. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about Abraham Lincoln's legacy; Andrew Johnson's impeachment; the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments; Ulysses Grant's presidency; and life for southerners after the war.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a U.S. history curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a Reconstruction (1865-1877) unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Reconstruction (1865-1877) Unit Objectives:
- Look at President Lincoln's strategy for restoring the former Confederate states to the Union.
- Analyze President Johnson's attempt to follow Lincoln's plan.
- Explore the stormy relationship between Johnson and Congress.
- Learn about Ulysses Grant's presidency, including several incidences of corruption.
- Discover how life for African Americans expanded during Reconstruction.
- Examine changes in southern life after the war and how some southerners reacted.
- Get information on the changes brought about by the transcontinental railroad, the Homestead Act and the women's suffrage movement.
- Learn about the conflict in the west between Native Americans and new settlers.
- Assess the final years of Reconstruction, including the impact of the 1876 presidential election and several Supreme Court decisions.
- Review the events of the Reconstruction and discuss the successes and failures of the period.
1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
2. President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan
When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the task of Reconstruction fell to President Andrew Johnson. He was soon at odds with many different factions in the nation. While Johnson was not successful in domestic policy, his administration had a few foreign successes.
3. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress
Congressional Reconstruction, guided by Radical Republicans, aggressively pursued political equality for African Americans as defined by several pieces of legislation and the 14th Amendment. Conflict between Congress and President Andrew Johnson escalated until he was impeached.
4. President Ulysses S. Grant: Election, Successes and Corruption
Ulysses S. Grant, the Union hero of the Civil War, was elected in 1868, the last U.S. president to have been a slave owner. Despite his popularity, the nation faced social, economic and political difficulties, and his administration was shrouded in corruption.
5. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
6. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
7. Life in the South After the Civil War
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.
8. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
9. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers
As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.
10. The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876
Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, Republicans had tried to Reconstruct the South and secure equal rights for African American men. But a series of factors convened to bring Reconstruction to an end in 1877.
11. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
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Other chapters within the AP US History: Homeschool Curriculum course
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- The Making of a New Nation (1776-1800): Homeschool Curriculum
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