About This Chapter
Reconstruction After the American Civil War - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
After the war, different factions in the government found strategies for Reconstruction difficult to agree on. In this chapter, find out which plans were made and which plans failed. Instructors use engaging video lessons to teach you about the leaders during the Reconstruction, the events that took place and their political significance. Quizzes are also available so that you can test you knowledge. The following topics are covered:
- The efforts of Congress to take charge of plans to reconstruct the South
- How President Johnson took office and his difficulties in office
- Which Amendments were important during the Reconstruction period
- What groups of people were significant during the Reconstruction, including groups like the Ku Klux Klan and the Redeemers
- The different factors that brought Reconstruction to an end
- How the Reconstruction impacted the North and the South
|President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union||Dissect President Lincoln's strategies for Reconstruction and the controversy surrounding them|
|The Radical Republican Plan for Reconstruction: The Reconstruction Acts & Civil Rights Act||Conclude how the Radical Republicans planned to rebuild the South|
|President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan||Measure the failures and successes of the Johnson administration after the assassination of President Lincoln|
|The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress||Diagram the events that led to the impeachment of President Johnson|
|The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments||Outline the Reconstruction Amendments and how they established a more politically equal society|
|Ku Klux Klan During Reconstruction: History & Explanation||Evaluate the Ku Klux Klan and the violence they carried out during the reconstruction|
|Carpetbaggers in Reconstruction: Definition & Explanation||Explain the term carpetbaggers and their place in the South after the Civil War|
|Redeemers in Reconstruction: History & Explanation||Infer the role the Redeemers group played in antebellum Reconstruction|
|The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876||Investigate what factors led to the end of Reconstruction in 1877|
|Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures||Measure the successes and failures of the unwanted Reconstruction in the South|
|Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy||Analyze men like Booker T. Washington who were given educational and economic freedoms for the first time|
|Reconstruction in the South: Positive & Negative Effects||Distinguish between the positive and negative of the Reconstruction in the South, as well as how rights and opportunities changed for African Americans|
|How American Reconstruction Affected the North||Conclude how Reconstruction affected the North differently from the South|
1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
2. The Radical Republican Plan for Reconstruction: The Reconstruction Acts & Civil Rights Act
In this lesson, we will explore the Radical Republicans' plan to reconstruct the South after the Civil War. We will discuss Congress' efforts to extend the Freedmen's Bureau and to pass the Civil Rights and Reconstruction Acts.
3. President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan
When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the task of Reconstruction fell to President Andrew Johnson. He was soon at odds with many different factions in the nation. While Johnson was not successful in domestic policy, his administration had a few foreign successes.
4. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress
Congressional Reconstruction, guided by Radical Republicans, aggressively pursued political equality for African Americans as defined by several pieces of legislation and the 14th Amendment. Conflict between Congress and President Andrew Johnson escalated until he was impeached.
5. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
6. Primary Source: Passage of the 14th Amendment by the US Senate on June 9, 1866
The 14th Amendment, passed in 1866, allowed Confederate states to return to the United States. The former Confederate state legislatures of the South had to pass the amendment in order to again receive representation in Washington D.C.
7. Primary Source: Journal of the US Senate on June 22, 1866
The Fourteenth Amendment was one of the most controversial amendments in American history. It allowed the former Confederate states to rejoin the union, provided that they enfranchise all blacks as citizens and provided them with political rights.
8. Ku Klux Klan During Reconstruction: History & Explanation
The history of violence in United States extends back to the beginning of the nation. Learn how the Ku Klux Klan contributed to the history of violence in America during the Reconstruction era, 1863-1877.
9. Carpetbaggers in Reconstruction: Definition & Explanation
Carpetbaggers were northerners who moved to the South for political and business opportunities during the Reconstruction period. In this lesson, you'll learn more about the definition and history of this term.
10. Redeemers in Reconstruction: History & Explanation
The Redeemers played a significant role in the Reconstruction Era. Learn about the composition of the group, their philosophy, and the legacy they had in restoring antebellum values to the South.
11. The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876
Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, Republicans had tried to Reconstruct the South and secure equal rights for African American men. But a series of factors convened to bring Reconstruction to an end in 1877.
12. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures
Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?
13. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
14. Reconstruction in the South: Positive & Negative Effects
In this lesson, we'll explore the positive and negative effects of Reconstruction on the people of the South. We'll look at rights and opportunities for African Americans, economic growth, resentment and violence, and the sharecropping system.
15. How American Reconstruction Affected the North
After the Civil War, the United States shifted into a period of Reconstruction. While the effects of Reconstruction were very obvious in the South, they also had a significant impact on states in the North.
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Other chapters within the History 306: The American Civil War Era course
- Understanding History & Primary Sources
- Slavery in the Early United States
- The Abolitionist Movement in America
- The Pre-Civil War Sectional Crisis in the U.S.
- Influential American Civil War Writers
- Rising Tensions in Pre-Civil War America
- Southern Secession from the Union
- Politics, Industry & Economy in Civil War America
- American Civil War Battles in 1861
- American Civil War Battles in 1862
- American Civil War Battles in 1863
- American Civil War Battles in 1864
- American Civil War Battles in 1865
- Important Figures in the American Civil War
- Military Strategies in the American Civil War
- Life Following the American Civil War
- Required Assignments for History 306
- Studying for History 306