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Ch 17: Reconstruction After the American Civil War

About This Chapter

Watch this chapter's video lessons to learn about the Reconstruction period after the Civil War. Use the quizzes throughout the chapter to test your understanding of the events, groups and people important to the Reconstruction.

Reconstruction After the American Civil War - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

After the war, different factions in the government found strategies for Reconstruction difficult to agree on. In this chapter, find out which plans were made and which plans failed. Instructors use engaging video lessons to teach you about the leaders during the Reconstruction, the events that took place and their political significance. Quizzes are also available so that you can test you knowledge. The following topics are covered:

  • The efforts of Congress to take charge of plans to reconstruct the South
  • How President Johnson took office and his difficulties in office
  • Which Amendments were important during the Reconstruction period
  • What groups of people were significant during the Reconstruction, including groups like the Ku Klux Klan and the Redeemers
  • The different factors that brought Reconstruction to an end
  • How the Reconstruction impacted the North and the South

Video Objective
President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union Dissect President Lincoln's strategies for Reconstruction and the controversy surrounding them
The Radical Republican Plan for Reconstruction: The Reconstruction Acts & Civil Rights Act Conclude how the Radical Republicans planned to rebuild the South
President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan Measure the failures and successes of the Johnson administration after the assassination of President Lincoln
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress Diagram the events that led to the impeachment of President Johnson
The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments Outline the Reconstruction Amendments and how they established a more politically equal society
Ku Klux Klan During Reconstruction: History & Explanation Evaluate the Ku Klux Klan and the violence they carried out during the reconstruction
Carpetbaggers in Reconstruction: Definition & Explanation Explain the term carpetbaggers and their place in the South after the Civil War
Redeemers in Reconstruction: History & Explanation Infer the role the Redeemers group played in antebellum Reconstruction
The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876 Investigate what factors led to the end of Reconstruction in 1877
Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures Measure the successes and failures of the unwanted Reconstruction in the South
Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy Analyze men like Booker T. Washington who were given educational and economic freedoms for the first time
Reconstruction in the South: Positive & Negative Effects Distinguish between the positive and negative of the Reconstruction in the South, as well as how rights and opportunities changed for African Americans
How American Reconstruction Affected the North Conclude how Reconstruction affected the North differently from the South

15 Lessons in Chapter 17: Reconstruction After the American Civil War
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union

1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union

Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.

The Radical Republican Plan for Reconstruction: The Reconstruction Acts & Civil Rights Act

2. The Radical Republican Plan for Reconstruction: The Reconstruction Acts & Civil Rights Act

In this lesson, we will explore the Radical Republicans' plan to reconstruct the South after the Civil War. We will discuss Congress' efforts to extend the Freedmen's Bureau and to pass the Civil Rights and Reconstruction Acts.

President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan

3. President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan

When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the task of Reconstruction fell to President Andrew Johnson. He was soon at odds with many different factions in the nation. While Johnson was not successful in domestic policy, his administration had a few foreign successes.

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress

4. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress

Congressional Reconstruction, guided by Radical Republicans, aggressively pursued political equality for African Americans as defined by several pieces of legislation and the 14th Amendment. Conflict between Congress and President Andrew Johnson escalated until he was impeached.

The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments

5. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments

Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.

Primary Source: Passage of the 14th Amendment by the US Senate on June 9, 1866

6. Primary Source: Passage of the 14th Amendment by the US Senate on June 9, 1866

The 14th Amendment, passed in 1866, allowed Confederate states to return to the United States. The former Confederate state legislatures of the South had to pass the amendment in order to again receive representation in Washington D.C.

Primary Source: Journal of the US Senate on June 22, 1866

7. Primary Source: Journal of the US Senate on June 22, 1866

The Fourteenth Amendment was one of the most controversial amendments in American history. It allowed the former Confederate states to rejoin the union, provided that they enfranchise all blacks as citizens and provided them with political rights.

Ku Klux Klan During Reconstruction: History & Explanation

8. Ku Klux Klan During Reconstruction: History & Explanation

The history of violence in United States extends back to the beginning of the nation. Learn how the Ku Klux Klan contributed to the history of violence in America during the Reconstruction era, 1863-1877.

Carpetbaggers in Reconstruction: Definition & Explanation

9. Carpetbaggers in Reconstruction: Definition & Explanation

Carpetbaggers were northerners who moved to the South for political and business opportunities during the Reconstruction period. In this lesson, you'll learn more about the definition and history of this term.

Redeemers in Reconstruction: History & Explanation

10. Redeemers in Reconstruction: History & Explanation

The Redeemers played a significant role in the Reconstruction Era. Learn about the composition of the group, their philosophy, and the legacy they had in restoring antebellum values to the South.

The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876

11. The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876

Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, Republicans had tried to Reconstruct the South and secure equal rights for African American men. But a series of factors convened to bring Reconstruction to an end in 1877.

Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures

12. Reconstruction Period: Goals, Success and Failures

Reconstruction of the South following the American Civil War lasted from 1865-1877 under three presidents. It wasn't welcomed by Southerners, and there were many problems throughout this process. But, was it successful?

Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy

13. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy

The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.

Reconstruction in the South: Positive & Negative Effects

14. Reconstruction in the South: Positive & Negative Effects

In this lesson, we'll explore the positive and negative effects of Reconstruction on the people of the South. We'll look at rights and opportunities for African Americans, economic growth, resentment and violence, and the sharecropping system.

How American Reconstruction Affected the North

15. How American Reconstruction Affected the North

After the Civil War, the United States shifted into a period of Reconstruction. While the effects of Reconstruction were very obvious in the South, they also had a significant impact on states in the North.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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