About This Chapter
Reconstruction After the Civil War - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Use this chapter to follow the congressional debate over conditions for readmitting former secessionist states to the Union, as well as the extent to which social reforms were implemented to help ensure the rights of former slaves. Video lessons can also show you the political and social fallout that resulted from Congress' decisions in both the North and South. By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Compare and contrast Lincoln's and Johnson's plans for Reconstruction
- Recognize the impacts of postwar legislation on African Americans
- Discuss the response to Reconstruction in the South
- Identify political shifts resulting in the Compromise of 1877
|President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union||Explores Lincoln's hopes for restoring the Southern states and bringing its people back into the Union.|
|President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan||Depicts Andrew Johnson's intentions to reunite the Union and reconstruct the South.|
|The Radical Republican Plan for Reconstruction||Outlines congressional plans to pass the Civil Rights and Reconstruction Acts and extend the life of the Freedmen's Bureau.|
|The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments||Discusses the content and passage of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the U.S. Constitution, known as the Reconstruction Amendments.|
|The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress||Explains the conflict between the president and Congress over Reconstruction, as well as the results of the impeachment process.|
|Reconstruction in the South: Positive & Negative Effects||Describes the positive and negative effects of Reconstruction policies on the daily lives of Southerners.|
|Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy||Highlights new social and governmental opportunities presented to African Americans during Reconstruction.|
|The Redeemers||Illustrates how white Southerners responded to Reconstruction, and depicts actions aimed at reestablishing white supremacy, including the formation of terrorist societies like the KKK.|
|The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876||Shows how the political climate and the results of the 1876 presidential election worked to end Reconstruction with an informal deal known as the Compromise of 1877.|
|Primary Source: Passage of the 14th Amendment by the US Senate on June 9, 1866||Examine how this document allowed the Confederate states to return to the United States and regain receive representation in Washington D.C.|
|Primary Source: Journal of the US Senate on June 22, 1866||Evaluate the effects of this document and how it impacted U.S. history.|
1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
2. President Andrew Johnson: Attempts to Continue Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan
When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, the task of Reconstruction fell to President Andrew Johnson. He was soon at odds with many different factions in the nation. While Johnson was not successful in domestic policy, his administration had a few foreign successes.
3. The Radical Republican Plan for Reconstruction: The Reconstruction Acts & Civil Rights Act
In this lesson, we will explore the Radical Republicans' plan to reconstruct the South after the Civil War. We will discuss Congress' efforts to extend the Freedmen's Bureau and to pass the Civil Rights and Reconstruction Acts.
4. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
5. Primary Source: Passage of the 14th Amendment by the US Senate on June 9, 1866
The 14th Amendment, passed in 1866, allowed Confederate states to return to the United States. The former Confederate state legislatures of the South had to pass the amendment in order to again receive representation in Washington D.C.
6. Primary Source: Journal of the US Senate on June 22, 1866
The Fourteenth Amendment was one of the most controversial amendments in American history. It allowed the former Confederate states to rejoin the union, provided that they enfranchise all blacks as citizens and provided them with political rights.
7. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Conflict Between President and Congress
Congressional Reconstruction, guided by Radical Republicans, aggressively pursued political equality for African Americans as defined by several pieces of legislation and the 14th Amendment. Conflict between Congress and President Andrew Johnson escalated until he was impeached.
8. Reconstruction in the South: Positive & Negative Effects
In this lesson, we'll explore the positive and negative effects of Reconstruction on the people of the South. We'll look at rights and opportunities for African Americans, economic growth, resentment and violence, and the sharecropping system.
9. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
10. The Redeemers: Definition & History
In this lesson, we will explore the reactions of white Southerners to Reconstruction. We will examine their grievances, discuss their sometimes violent backlash, and take a look at their political efforts to regain control of the South.
11. The End of Reconstruction and the Election of 1876
Since the end of the Civil War in 1865, Republicans had tried to Reconstruct the South and secure equal rights for African American men. But a series of factors convened to bring Reconstruction to an end in 1877.
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Other chapters within the History 106: The Civil War and Reconstruction course