About This Chapter
Reconstruction, Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization - Chapter Summary
Studying for an important test is a snap when you have help from this engaging chapter on westward expansion, urbanization, reconstruction and industrialization. Fun lessons cover topics including President Lincoln's legacy and the Reconstruction amendments. You'll also watch videos on the effects of Reconstruction on African Americans and life in the South after the Civil War. This chapter is designed to get you ready to:
- Outline women's suffrage, the Homestead Act and the Transcontinental Railroad
- Explain the struggles between the Native Americans and the settlers
- Discuss westward expansion and the Frontier Thesis
- Detail the conquest, conflict and assimilation of Native Americans during the Gilded Age
- Analyze scientific management, new business models and the Bessemer Process
- Identify the political machines and civil service reform during the Gilded Age
- Assess immigration in industrial America and the rise of nativism
- Describe the effects and problems associated with urbanization during the Second Industrial Revolution in America
Take your time as you work through these lessons and feel free to go back as often as needed to review them again. The timeline tags make it easy to skip ahead or re-watch specific points in the videos. If you wish to study offline, our printable lesson transcripts make handy study guides.
1. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
2. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
3. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
4. Life in the South After the Civil War
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.
5. Transcontinental Railroad, Homestead Act and Women's Suffrage
In light of slavery and the issues related to it, several consequential events are often overlooked in the mid- to late-1800s: the Homestead Act, completion of the the transcontinental railroad and the push for women's suffrage.
6. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers
As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.
7. Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis
Between the mid-1800s and the turn of the 20th century, the American frontier opened and closed abruptly. What factors influenced this land rush, and how did it help shape American history?
8. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age
In the second half of the 19th century, the federal government attempted to control Native American nations. This led to violent conflicts known together as the Indian Wars. Learn about famous battles, and the attempt to 'civilize' tribes through various policies.
9. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models
American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.
10. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform
Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.
11. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism
Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.
12. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems
After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.
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Other chapters within the Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide course
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- Early River-Valley Civilizations
- Early American Civilizations
- Hellenism, Athens & Ancient Greece
- The Rise & Fall of Rome
- Ancient India & Persia
- Ancient China
- The Development of the Hindu, Buddhist, Confucian, & Judeo-Christian Faiths
- The Emergence of Interregional Networks
- The Renaissance & The Age of Exploration
- The Age of Enlightenment & Industrialization
- Martin Luther & The Protestant Reformation in Europe
- North America & the 13 Colonies
- Important Events Leading to the American Revolution
- The American Revolution & The Second Great Awakening
- Building the United States After the American Revolution
- The Virginia Dynasty & Jacksonian America
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Manifest Destiny & the American Civil War
- Progressive Politics & American Imperialism
- Fundamental Overview of World War I
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- Introduction to World War II
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- Western Civilization from 1945-1973
- Important Events in the US (1954-1980)
- Imperialism & International Relations in the 19th & 20th Centuries
- International Organizations in the 20th Century
- Historical Thinking Skills
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