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Reform & Collapse in the USSR - Chapter Summary
Take a look at this comprehensive history chapter to explore topics related to reform and collapse in the USSR. As you progress through this series of bite-sized history lessons, you'll learn about the fall of the Soviet Union as well as the the historical events that occurred under the rules of Andropov, Chernenko and Gorbachev. To help you reinforce your understanding of the material, we've included lesson-specific quizzes and a chapter exam. Our instructors are happy to answer any questions you may have, and the chapter is available to study 24/7. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe life in the Soviet Union under Andropov and Chernenko
- Evaluate Mikhail Gorbachev's political accomplishments, nationalities issue and Glasnost and Perestroika policies
- Recognize the causes and effects of the August Coup
- Summarize the fall of the Soviet Union and the conclusion of the Cold War
- Identify world-wide challengers to the Soviet Union's collapse
- Understand how the USSR's collapse impacted Islam and Afghanistan
- Outline the events that led up to the end of communism in Eastern Europe
- Assess the Eastern European revolutions of 1989
- Evaluate the Communist BLOC's collapse and the Warsaw Pact
- Explain the purpose of the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program
1. Life in the USSR Under Andropov & Chernenko
In this lesson, we'll explore the brief terms of Yury Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko, General Secretaries in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Find out how each one affected, or fail to affect, life in the UUSR in the 1980s.
2. Mikhail Gorbachev: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments
Nobel Peace Prize winner for his assistance in the breakup of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Mikhail Gorbachev was the first President of the Soviet Union from 1990-1991.
3. Gorbachev's Nationalities Issue: History & Outcome
In this lesson, we'll explore the nationalities issue that Gorbachev faced with a multi-national Soviet Union and the outcome of the different national movements for greater autonomy and independence from the Soviet Union.
4. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance
In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.
5. The August Coup: Causes, Failure & Effects
The August Coup had a major impact on the end of the USSR, but not in the way it was intended. In this lesson, we'll examine this moment and see how it changed Russian life.
6. Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline
In this lesson, we chart the reforms made by Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev attempting to save the Soviet Union and the communist federation's eventual dissolution in 1991.
7. Collapse of the Soviet Union: World-Wide Challengers
In this lesson, we will examine the role of key players during the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union from around the world including Thatcher, Reagan, and Pope John Paul II. We will explore their attitude towards the Soviet Union and the impact they had.
8. Impact of Afghanistan & Islam on the Collapse of the Soviet Union
In this lesson, we will learn how the Soviet-Afghan War and Islamic Fundamentalism contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. We will focus primarily on the Soviet-Afghan War, highlighting the economic, political, and social stress it put on the USSR.
9. The End of Communism in Eastern Europe: Events and Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the immediate aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, where both political structures and economic models were left in limbo.
10. Eastern European Revolutions of 1989
In this lesson we will learn about the 1989 European Revolutions in Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Romania, Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria. We will also learn how these revolutions relate to each other and to the Soviet Union.
11. The Collapse of the Communist BLOC and the Warsaw Pact
In this lesson, we explore the fall and breakup of the Warsaw Pact and Eastern Bloc of communist countries allied with, and client states of, the Soviet Union from after World War II until the late 1980s and early 1990s.
12. Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program
The end of the Cold War introduced a new set of challenges. In this lesson, we'll look at the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program and see how it dealt with the changes of the era.
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Other chapters within the DSST History of the Soviet Union: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Russian History in 16-18th Century
- Nineteenth Century Russia
- The Russian Revolutionary Period
- Pre-War Stalinism
- The Soviet Union & The Second World War
- Post-War Stalinism & The Cold War
- The Khrushchev Years of the Cold War
- The Brezhnev Years of the Cold War
- Proxy Wars During the Cold War
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST History of the Soviet Union Flashcards