About This Chapter
Relationships in Adulthood - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Now that you've studied some of the developmental and physiological changes occurring in late adulthood, use this chapter to examine how aging impacts relationships. Instructors discuss stages of parenthood, characteristics of married relationships and the experiences of widows and widowers. You can also explore issues facing reconstructed families and adults who choose to stay single or cohabit. This chapter can help you understand the following as they relate to adulthood:
- Relationships with friends and family
- Singlehood, cohabitation and marriage
- Divorce and widowhood
- Stages of parenthood
|Relationships in Late Adulthood||Understand the characteristics of family relationships among older adults with siblings and adult children. Identify the traits of family relationships among single, childless and widowed older adults.|
|Friendships in Late Adulthood||Discuss the characteristics of friendships in late adulthood and analyze the ways in which they provide intimacy and acceptance.|
|Love Relationships: Their Characteristics & How They Develop||Explain how love relationships vary across cultures and develop over time.|
|Abusive Relationships: Elder Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation||Recognize the indications of elder abuse, neglect and exploitation. Discuss the idea of caregiver burden.|
|Singlehood & Cohabitation: Definition, Challenges & Advantages||Explore the challenges and advantages of being single through adulthood. Explain why people cohabit.|
|Marriage through Adulthood: Factors that Contribute to Marital Satisfaction||Describe marriage through adulthood and examine what it's like for elderly adults who have never been married. Assess factors contributing to marriage success and martial satisfaction over the longevity of adulthood.|
|Making the Decision to Have Children||Find out what's involved in a couple's decision to have children. Examine what life is like before and after having children.|
|Divorce, Marriage and Cohabitation in Late Adulthood||Discuss divorce, remarriage, cohabitation and gay and lesbian partnerships in late adulthood. Examine when marital satisfaction is at its peak.|
|Divorce, Remarriage & the Reconstructed Family: Definition & Related Issues||Identify the main reasons people get divorced and remarried. Explain issues surrounding the reconstructed family.|
|Widowhood: The Experience of Widows and Widowers||Examine what widows and widowers experience.|
|Parenthood During the Early Years: Key Issues & Parenting Forms||Describe what it's like to be a parent and discuss key issues across ethnic groups. Identify the various forms of parenting.|
|Parenthood During the Middle Years: Interacting with Children||Understand how middle-aged adults interact with their children.|
|Caring for Aging Parents: Psychological Impact & Coping Strategies||Explain how middle-aged adults deal with the possibility of providing care to aging parents.|
|Life After Children: Changes That Happen When Children Move Out||Discuss how a couple's life changes once their children move out.|
|Grandparenting: Interacting with Grandchildren, Grandparenting Styles & Key Issues||Study the ways in which grandparents interact with their grandchildren and examine the roles of grandparents as surrogate or primary caregiver.|
1. Relationships in Late Adulthood
As people age, many of their relationships change and develop. In this lesson, we'll examine relationships in late life, including those with adult children, siblings, and spouses, as well as the types of single older adults.
2. Friendships in Late Adulthood
Friendships in late life are both similar and different from friendships earlier in life. Watch this lesson to find out what the functions and characteristics of friendship in late adulthood are, as well as how they differ from friendships at other times in life.
3. Love Relationships: Their Characteristics & How They Develop
Here we look at the development of love. What does it mean to be in a loving relationship? What are the steps that occur in every individual in entering one?
4. Abusive Relationships: Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation
In this lesson, we will examine the different types of elder abuse as well as some basic stats on the issue. Often related to abuse is the idea of caregiver burnout, which will also be discussed.
5. Singlehood & Cohabitation: Definition, Challenges & Advantages
In this lesson, we discuss what single life and cohabitation bring to the individual(s) involved. There is good and bad with both, and there is a great deal of opinion when it comes to both.
6. Marriage through Adulthood: Factors that Contribute to Marital Satisfaction
In this lesson, we'll take a brief look at factors that interact with marriage and adulthood as well as how these factors eventually influence old age. We'll also look at old age bachelorhood as well as reasons for successful marriages.
7. Making the Decision to Have Children
In this lesson, I face one of my greatest fears: talking about having kids. We'll look at some points to consider, such as the costs and the way it changes a person's life. In addition, the idea of baby fever is also looked at.
8. Divorce, Marriage, and Cohabitation in Late Adulthood
During later life, romantic partnerships are different from partnerships in earlier life. Watch this lesson to find out more about marriage, cohabitation, remarriage, and divorce in later life, including their unique benefits and challenges.
9. Divorce, Remarriage & the Reconstructed Family: Definition & Related Issues
Here we will examine what divorce is, some of the stats behind it, and some of the reasons for it. Following a divorce is the possibility of remarrying and blending the families together, which we will explore as well.
10. Widowhood: The Experience of Widows and Widowers
Here we examine what it means to be a widow or widower, as well as some of the statistics of how common it is. We finish off by looking at the occasionally mentioned 'widowhood effect.'
11. Parenthood During The Early Years: Key Issues & Parenting Forms
Parenting can be stressful! There are specific challenges that parents face when they have young children. In this lesson, we'll look at some of the issues inherent in the early years of parenting, including the four major parenting styles.
12. Parenthood During the Middle Years: Interacting with Children
In this lesson, we will explore the issues related to parenting and child-rearing in mid-life. We will look at how developing one's identity influences parent-child relationships in positive and negative ways.
13. Caring for Aging Parents: Psychological Impact & Coping Strategies
Here we will discuss the effects of caring for ones aging parents. Emphasis is placed on psychological and emotional strain brought on by the demands of caretaking, as well as ways to avoid complete burnout.
14. Life After Children: Changes That Happen When Children Move Out
In this lesson, we will look at what changes occur to a parent after their dependent children move out. Included in this are the positive and negative changes that occur.
15. Grandparenting: Interacting with Grandchildren, Grandparenting Styles & Key Issues
This lesson looks at the common ways that grandparents interact with their grandchildren, as well as a brief look into the issue of surrogate parenting by grandparents.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 108: Psychology of Adulthood and Aging course
- Introduction to Adult Development and Aging
- Personality & Aging
- Health of the Aging Population
- The Aging Brain and Nervous System
- Effects of Aging on Skin & Body Build
- Effects of Aging on the Sensory System
- Effects of Aging on the Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- Changes to Memory & Attention with Age
- Cognitive Development & Aging
- Overview of Intelligence, Wisdom & Creativity
- Mental Health and Lifespan Development Disorders
- Cognitive, Behavioral & Psychological Assessments
- Age-Related Anxiety Disorders
- Substance Abuse Among Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders Related to Aging
- Mood & Stress Disorders Affecting the Aging Population
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Career Changes Over the Lifespan
- Retirement and Leisure in Adulthood
- Overview of Death, Dying & Bereavement
- Studying for Psychology 108