About This Chapter
Religion & Philosophy - Chapter Summary
Millions of people around the world are members of one religion or another, and others are unsure or don't believe in any god. Through this series of lessons, you'll study high-level overviews of several dominant faiths, as well an introduction to worldviews that are common among non-believers. These informative lessons are led by qualified instructors who closely examine monotheism, pantheism, religion since 1945 and more. Explore the lessons at your own pace and take multiple-choice quizzes to improve your ability to do the following:
- Share the definition and key concepts found in religion
- Distinguish between agnosticism, atheism and theism
- Compare and contrast polytheism and monotheism
- Define and discuss Islam, Judaism and Christianity
- Provide descriptions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism
- Discuss the religions and beliefs of pantheists
- Describe major developments in religion and philosophy since 1945
1. Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions
Sociologists strive to study every aspect of religion in an objective way. In this lesson, we define religion and identify key concepts that are found in religion. We also discuss the difference between churches, sects, and cults.
2. Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism
Sociology of religion is a large branch of sociology. The different views on deities are studied as part of this topic. In this lesson, we compare and contrast the views of theism, atheism, and agnosticism.
3. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?
There have been many religions throughout human history, and each one has had a unique set of beliefs. In this lesson, we're going to look at the two main categories into which most of the world's religions fit and then compare them to each other.
4. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity
In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.
5. Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism
Not all religions focus on the belief (or disbelief) in a particular deity. In this lesson, we define nontheism and discuss the ideologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
6. Pantheistic: Definition, Beliefs & Religions
There are as many different ways to view the Universe as there are people in the Universe. In this lesson, we'll look at Pantheists, who believe they see God's presence in everything around them.
7. Religion & Philosophy Since 1945
In this lesson, we explore some of the major developments in the world of ideas since the end of World War II, from the increased public engagement of professional philosophy and Catholicism to the growth of Islam.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 101: Intro to Philosophy course
- Introduction to Philosophy & Logic
- Types of Fallacies
- Free Will & Determinism
- Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy
- God in Philosophy
- Reality in Philosophy
- Philosophy in Science
- Intro to Epistemology
- Ancient Epistemology
- Modern Epistemology
- Contemporary Epistemology
- Political Philosophy
- Philosophy & Social Justice
- Studying for Philosophy 101