Ch 6: Religion & Philosophy

About This Chapter

Review entertaining lessons to improve your understanding of religion within the context of philosophy. With quizzes at the conclusion of each lesson, you'll be able to assess your own understanding of the materials and ensure you're able to excel on an upcoming test, assignment or project.

Religion & Philosophy - Chapter Summary

Millions of people around the world are members of one religion or another, and others are unsure or don't believe in any god. Through this series of lessons, you'll study high-level overviews of several dominant faiths, as well an introduction to worldviews that are common among non-believers. These informative lessons are led by qualified instructors who closely examine monotheism, pantheism, religion since 1945 and more. Explore the lessons at your own pace and take multiple-choice quizzes to improve your ability to do the following:

  • Share the definition and key concepts found in religion
  • Distinguish between agnosticism, atheism and theism
  • Compare and contrast polytheism and monotheism
  • Define and discuss Islam, Judaism and Christianity
  • Provide descriptions of Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism
  • Discuss the religions and beliefs of pantheists
  • Describe major developments in religion and philosophy since 1945

7 Lessons in Chapter 6: Religion & Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions

1. Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions

Sociologists strive to study every aspect of religion in an objective way. In this lesson, we define religion and identify key concepts that are found in religion. We also discuss the difference between churches, sects, and cults.

Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism

2. Religious Views: Atheism, Agnosticism & Theism

Sociology of religion is a large branch of sociology. The different views on deities are studied as part of this topic. In this lesson, we compare and contrast the views of theism, atheism, and agnosticism.

What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?

3. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?

There have been many religions throughout human history, and each one has had a unique set of beliefs. In this lesson, we're going to look at the two main categories into which most of the world's religions fit and then compare them to each other.

Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

4. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity

In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.

Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism

5. Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism

Not all religions focus on the belief (or disbelief) in a particular deity. In this lesson, we define nontheism and discuss the ideologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Pantheistic: Definition, Beliefs & Religions

6. Pantheistic: Definition, Beliefs & Religions

There are as many different ways to view the Universe as there are people in the Universe. In this lesson, we'll look at Pantheists, who believe they see God's presence in everything around them.

Religion & Philosophy Since 1945

7. Religion & Philosophy Since 1945

In this lesson, we explore some of the major developments in the world of ideas since the end of World War II, from the increased public engagement of professional philosophy and Catholicism to the growth of Islam.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.