About This Chapter
Religions of the World - Chapter Summary
Use our video lessons to get a refresher on religions that dominate the globe. Experienced, professional instructors take you through the concepts and beliefs that characterize major world religions. By the end of this chapter, you'll be familiar with religious organizations, major religious terms, religious ethics, primary monotheistic religions and similarities among religions. Specific lessons in this chapter on world religions include the following:
- Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions
- Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism
- Monotheism: Islam, Judaism and Christianity
- People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
- Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran and Sharia Law
These lessons on religions of the world are brief, engaging and easy to navigate. Each lesson includes a video presentation, with video tags that allow you to jump to or revisit main points, and a written transcript, which is likely to include links to some of our other articles. Clicking on these hyperlinks can help you explore key terms and concepts related to world religions in even more depth. Additionally, each lesson features a self-assessment quiz. You can take these short quizzes, which are given in multiple-choice format, as often as you feel you need to make sure you fully understand the information presented in the videos.
1. Religion: Key Concepts and Definitions
Sociologists strive to study every aspect of religion in an objective way. In this lesson, we define religion and identify key concepts that are found in religion. We also discuss the difference between churches, sects, and cults.
2. Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism
Not all religions focus on the belief (or disbelief) in a particular deity. In this lesson, we define nontheism and discuss the ideologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
3. Monotheism: Islam, Judaism & Christianity
In this lesson, we define monotheism and identify three significant monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. We also discuss the ideology of each of these three religions.
4. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.
5. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law
The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.
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Other chapters within the ILTS Social Science - Psychology (248): Test Practice and Study Guide course
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- Cultural & Physical Geography
- Human Behavior and Social Interaction
- Development & Fall of World Civilizations
- Development & Fall of European Civilizations
- Events & People in World History
- 19th Century Revolutions, Politics & Legacies
- 20th Century Wars, Cultures & Legacies
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- U.S. History (1801-1865)
- U.S. History (1866-1969)
- U.S. History (1970-2008)
- History of the State of Illinois
- Human Development Theories
- Human Development Throughout the Life Span
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- Individual Differences
- Senses & Perception
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- Methods of Psychological Treatment
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