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Ch 16: Renaissance Europe

About This Chapter

Watch engaging and fun video lessons to learn about the events and figures of Renaissance Europe. Use the self-assessment quizzes to test your knowledge of key facts about Europe during the Renaissance.

Renaissance Europe - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Explore Renaissance Europe in this chapter, which introduces you to Renaissance art and new technologies like the printing press. You'll learn how information began to be spread in new ways, follow Marco Polo's travel routes and find out about the decline of Latin. When you've watched all the lessons in this chapter, you'll be familiar with:

  • Humanism in the Renaissance
  • The Italian Renaissance
  • The House of Medici
  • Independent cities
  • Michelangelo
  • Leonardo Da Vinci

Video Objectives
The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview Trace the events that took place during the Renaissance.
The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation Outline the reasons Italy is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance.
Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual Define humanism and determine why this concept developed.
Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture Study the paintings, sculptures and architecture that emerged from the Renaissance period.
The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family Detail the Medici family's rise to power and their non-violent methods of influencing others.
Florence in the Early Renaissance Find out how this city was affected by the Renaissance.
Growth of Independent Trading Cities in the Renaissance Highlight the importance of independent trading cities in helping to spread Renaissance ideas.
Reopening the Ancient Silk Road During the Renaissance Discuss the effects of reopening the Silk Road between Europe and China.
Marco Polo's Travels & Routes Assess Marco Polo's travels and pinpoint his different routes.
New Ways of Spreading Information in the Renaissance Evaluate the effects of new methods of spreading info, such as paper manufacturing, printing and Bible translation.
How the Printing Press Changed the World Examine the events that led to the invention of the printing press. Discuss its impact on society.
The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin See the connection between the decline of Church authority and the rise of the vernacular.
Michelangelo: Biography and Works Learn about Michelangelo's life in Florence and his well-known works.
Leonardo Da Vinci: Biography Discuss the life of Da Vinci and highlight his major works.

14 Lessons in Chapter 16: Renaissance Europe
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview

1. The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview

Between the Hundred Years War and the peace treaties of Westphalia, an astonishing number of significant historical events occurred. Develop an understanding of the timeline from the 1300s to the early 1600s which form the time periods of, respectively: The Renaissance, the Reformation, the Age of Discovery, and the Elizabethan Era.

The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation

2. The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation

Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance, a historical period in which people had a renewed interest in education, art, and philosophy of ancient Greeks and Romans. Learn about many of the reasons why the Renaissance began in Italy such as its location, and the transformation of the country driven by its wealthy merchant class in the 14th century.

Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual

3. Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual

As the power of the Church declined near the beginning of the 14th century, the study of humanism and the idea of individual independence greatly increased. Discover more about how disenchantment from the bubonic plague, the rise of the market economy, and the downfall of the feudal system prompted humanism, individual interests and independence, and creativity and helped usher in the Renaissance.

Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture

4. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture

The Renaissance was a period of time in the 14th century when art became centered on the individual and Earthly experiences rather than the mystical or ethereal. Discover how humanism shaped the art of the Renaissance and identify Greek and Roman influences on artists, paintings, sculptures, and architecture.

The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family

5. The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family

Italy's Medici family had a great deal of power and influence during the Renaissance period. Learn about the House of Medici and explore the rise and fall of a banking family. Become familiar with central figures in the Medici family, including Giovanni, Cosimo, Lorenzo, and the Medici Popes.

Florence in the Early Renaissance

6. Florence in the Early Renaissance

The Republic of Florence became an economic and cultural power during the early Renaissance. Explore how Renaissance ideals shaped Florence, learn about the city's history and art, and discover what happened when the Medici family rose to power.

Growth of Independent Trading Cities in the Renaissance

7. Growth of Independent Trading Cities in the Renaissance

The Renaissance saw the emergence of city-states in Italy and elsewhere that benefited from being located along trade routes by land and sea. Explore the growth of independent trading Italian city-states like Genoa and Venice that thrived during the Renaissance.

Reopening the Ancient Silk Road During the Renaissance

8. Reopening the Ancient Silk Road During the Renaissance

The original Silk Roads were trade routes that connected Asian and Middle Eastern culture with Europe to share ideas, technology, and wealth. Understand the effects of the reopening of the Silk Roads and its contributions to the Renaissance.

Marco Polo's Travels & Routes

9. Marco Polo's Travels & Routes

Marco Polo's travels took him to places like China, Singapore, and locations in present-day Iran, Sri Lanka, and India. Explore the routes taken by this Venetian merchant as well as what happened to him when he got home after 24 long years.

New Ways of Spreading Information in the Renaissance

10. New Ways of Spreading Information in the Renaissance

The Renaissance era was a time of both social and technological advances, including a revolution in the ways of communications. Discover the forms of communication in the Renaissance including the Gutenberg printing press, which allowed books to become more affordable for people.

How the Printing Press Changed the World

11. How the Printing Press Changed the World

The printing press changed the world in numerous ways, as it allowed ideas to be distributed more easily. Learn about the history of the printing press from wood block-printing to moveable type, and discover the impact it had on society, religion, and literacy.

The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin

12. The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin

Latin was spread around Europe under the Roman Empire, but interest in the language fell alongside the empire. Explore the rise of the vernacular and the decline of Latin, including Latin's place in the Dark Ages, the emergence of popular languages, the role of the printing press, and how Latin briefly survived.

Michelangelo: Biography and Works

13. Michelangelo: Biography and Works

Michelangelo was a historic sculptor from Florence, born in 1475. Follow the biography of this prolific artist in his early work and apprenticeship under Lorenzo de Medici, learn how he produced 'Bacchus,' 'The Pieta,' and 'David,' and explore his complex relationships with the Sistine Chapel and the Roman Catholic Church.

Leonardo da Vinci: Biography

14. Leonardo da Vinci: Biography

Leonardo da Vinci is known for his numerous scientific findings and influential artwork. Dive deeper into da Vinci's biography and learn about his early years, his use of perspective in art, and his many inventions and scientific contributions.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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