About This Chapter
Renaissance, Reformation & Enlightenment Periods - Chapter Summary
This comprehensive history chapter provides a high-level overview of the Renaissance, Reformation and Enlightenment periods. After outlining key events of the Renaissance, you'll take a look at the role of science and religion during this time period and understand how the Italian Renaissance transformed the country. You'll describe the church before, during and after the Reformation and study key thinkers of the Enlightenment. After watching the lessons in this chapter, you'll be able to:
- Summarize the events of the Renaissance
- Understand how Italy was transformed by the Renaissance
- Assess the role of science and religion during the Renaissance
- Describe the Catholic Church before the Reformation
- Analyze the spread of Protestantism across Europe
- Contextualize life after the Reformation and the Protestant influence on society
- Identify important thinkers of the Enlightenment and summarize their ideas
- Explain scientific rationalism and the growth of democratic ideas
Our expert history instructors design their lessons to be engaging, memorable and generally less than ten minutes in length. This concise teaching style helps streamline the learning process and enables you to review Renaissance, Reformation and Enlightenment topics as efficiently as possible. Self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts are included to supplement your study, and you can access the course material on any desktop, laptop, mobile device or tablet.
1. The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview
In this lesson, we will build an outline of the historical events which flow together to form the time periods of the Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Discovery, and the Elizabethan era.
2. The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation
This lesson will discuss the three main reasons why Italy transformed from a group of competing city-states to the home of the birth of the Renaissance.
3. Science & Religion in Renaissance Europe
In this lesson, we will learn about science and religion during the Renaissance. We will explore the role these two forces played in Renaissance Europe, and we will identify the major themes involved.
4. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices
In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.
5. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe
In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.
6. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society
The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.
7. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
8. Scientific Rationalism and the Growth of Democratic Ideas
In this lesson, we will learn about scientific rationalism and the growth of democratic ideas. We will see how the rationalism of the Enlightenment helped give rise to modern concepts of democracy.
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Other chapters within the Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 - Social Studies Subject Concentration (5157): Practice & Study Guide course
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