About This Chapter
Standard: Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.2)
About This Chapter
These videos are a great companion to traditional classroom instruction in English language arts in support of the Common Core State Standards. As you use these video lessons with your students they will develop greater competence in extracting key information from sources in history and social studies texts. The instructors in these lessons discuss:
- How to discover the central idea of a source
- How to summarize main points
- How to connect different ideas within a text
High school students will demonstrate aptitude in these topics as they quickly extract and connect concepts found within a single text or among several sources. They will exhibit a strong foundation in sourcing facts to support their original claims as they prepare to delve deeper into quoting and arguing for or against content they find during independent research.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
There are many ways you can use these videos in your classroom and homework assignments. Here are a few.
Exploring theme in children's stories
Children's stories and brief fables are great places to find poignant, self-evident themes, with each story tending to have just one. Watch the video on finding central ideas or themes in class. Then divide the class into small groups and provide each group with a children's book to read. As a group they will then discuss and come to a consensus on what the main theme of the story is. Have each group briefly summarize the text and explain what they determined the theme to be to the rest of the class. As homework, have students write a children's story of their own, which contains a clear, well-stated theme.
Assigning lessons as homework
Have students watch the videos and take their associated quizzes as short homework exercises. Provide the chapter test in class as a measure of their understanding and progress. Teachers can use the assign feature within their dashboard to assign individual lessons to specific students if desired to individualize after-school study.
After watching the videos in this chapter, assign each student a short story or section of a text they are reading in class to read and then write a brief summary on a theme from the story. Create bingo sheets for the students with concise, objective themes you already determined from their assigned texts to exhibit randomly sorted on the sheet. Have each student give their summary to the class, with students marking off the summaries on their bingo sheets.
1. How to Find the Theme or Central Idea
In this lesson, you'll learn how to identify the theme or central idea of a text, and you'll get some specific examples of themes from famous stories.
2. What is a Summary? - Definition & Concept
In this lesson you'll learn what summaries are and how they differ from other forms of condensed writing. You'll also be shown an example of a summary, and what should and should not be included in a summary paragraph.
3. How Ideas Are Connected in a Text
The lesson will focus on describing strategies used for ensuring coherence and cohesion in a historical text. It will help readers to learn how both are used, while using examples from an American History and World History text.
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Other chapters within the Common Core History & Social Studies Grades 9-10: Literacy Standards course
- Evidence to Support Analysis: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.1
- Analysis of Connected Events: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.3
- Understanding Vocabulary: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.4
- Role of Text Structure: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.5
- Comparing Two Points of View: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.6
- Integrating Different Types of Analysis: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.7
- Evaluating Reasoning and Evidence: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.8
- Compare and Contrast: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.9
- Reading Strategies: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.10
- Samples of Informational Texts for CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.10