About This Chapter
Reproduction, Genetics & Evolution - Chapter Summary
This study guide chapter covers genetics, evolution and reproduction through a convenient online platform. The lessons explore topics such as reproduction and fertilization of flowering plants, the gymnosperm life cycle and asexual plant reproduction. Once you finish this chapter, you should be ready to:
- Provide an overview of animal reproduction and development
- Discuss human reproduction
- Define the properties of alleles
- Explain the process by which children get traits from their parents
- Describe innate and learned behavior
- Define natural selection and adaptation with examples
- Detail forms and patterns of evolutionary change
- Outline the history of human and animal evolution
By testing yourself using the lesson quizzes and chapter test, you'll assess your readiness for an important exam and ensure you're prepared to move onto other topics. The Dashboard provides a helpful way to monitor your progress through the chapter and submit any questions that come up along the way. In the video lessons, the timeline provides easy navigation to key topics in case you only want to watch a potion of the video.
1. Flowering Plants: Reproduction & Fertilization
Some plants use flowers to reproduce. The flowers contain all the parts needed for the reproduction process. This lesson explains how all of these parts are used to create the next generation of flowering plants.
2. A Gymnosperm Life Cycle: Reproduction of Plants with 'Naked Seeds'
Some plants, such as pine trees, are able to reproduce with unprotected seeds. We will look at the major structures involved in this form of alternation of generations in gymnosperms.
3. Asexual Plant Reproduction: Vegetative Propagation and Bulbs
Not all plants make attractive flowers in order to reproduce. Some plants will not make seeds and pollen either. These plants have other ways to create new offspring. We will look at a few key methods of vegetative propagation.
4. Overview of Animal Reproduction and Development
At this stage in life, you likely know where babies come from. However, did you know that some animals can make clones of themselves and reproduce sexually too? In this lesson, you'll learn more about sexual reproduction and early vertebrate development.
5. Overview of Human Reproduction
This lesson will provide a general overview of the process of human reproduction. We will cover the basics starting from the point of fertilization through the point of birth.
6. Properties of Alleles
What is a dominant phenotype and how will it affect Adrian's flying hamster research? Tune in as he studies homozygous and heterozygous genotypes and the phenotypes they produce.
7. Genetics and Punnett Squares: Getting Traits from Parents
You are the genetic product of your parents, but you could have ended up differently if they had passed on different genetic information to you. Punnett squares are a useful tool to help us identify all the possible genotypes of the offspring of two parents.
8. Innate & Learned Behavior
We all respond to different situations with some type of behavior. Some of these are innate and others are learned. This lesson will help differentiate between the two.
9. Natural Selection & Adaptation: Definition, Theory & Examples
How does natural selection help shape the amazing types of animals we witness around us? In this lesson, we'll explore adaptations and what they can tell us about a species' past evolution.
10. Forms & Patterns of Evolutionary Change
Since Charles Darwin introduced natural selection, scientists have come up with different ideas on how evolution proceeds, and how living things evolve over time. This lesson will focus on different patterns of evolution.
11. The History of Animal & Human Evolution
Animals, including humans, have a vast, complex evolutionary history. In this lesson, we will look at the evolution of animals, including invertebrates and vertebrates.
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Other chapters within the TExMaT Master Science Teacher EC-4 (090): Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Understanding Matter, Elements, Compounds & Mixtures
- Force & Newton's Laws of Motion
- Energy, Electricity, Sound & Light
- Fundamental Characteristics of Living Things
- Ecosystems, Competition & Adaptations
- Earth's Natural Materials & Processes
- Hydrosphere & Atmosphere
- The Universe, Solar System & the Earth-Sun Relationship
- The History & Societal Contexts of Science
- Nature of Science & Unifying Themes
- Methods of Scientific Inquiry
- Managing Scientific Data
- Science Education Safety
- Alignment of Texas Science Instruction for Young Learners
- Teaching Strategies for Science
- The Science Learning & Teaching Environment
- Understanding & Implementing Student Assessment
- Leadership, Communication & Collaboration in Science Education
- Mentoring & Professional Development for Texas Science Teachers
- Strategies & Resources for Teaching Science to Young Learners
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher EC-4 Flashcards