About This Chapter
Reproductive Issues & Ethics - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Reproductive issues and ethics are often a hot-button topic with adamant supporters on either side. Educate yourself on the unbiased facts related to these issues and ethics using this engaging chapter. You can complete each section at your own pace, tracking your progress through the dashboard feature. Brief lesson quizzes and a comprehensive chapter exam are also available to help you assess your retention of the topics covered. In these lessons, you'll consider:
- Abortion law history in the U.S.
- Fetal development stages to determine when life begins
- Judith Jarvis Thomson's A Defense of Abortion
- Ethical issues regarding assisted reproduction, human cloning, surrogacy and in-vitro fertilization
- The in-vitro fertilization process
|The History of Abortion Law in the United States||Examine the historical progression of abortion laws and the opposing sides.|
|The Moral Question: When Does Life Begin?||Differentiate between potential and actual life by referring to the stages of fetal development.|
|A Defense of Abortion by Judith Jarvis Thomson||Critique the main points of Thomson's philosophical works.|
|The Ethics of Assisted Reproduction Practices||Analyze the ethical implications of commonly used assisted reproduction practices, including artificial insemination and in-vitro fertilization, among others.|
|Is it Ethical to Clone a Human?||Outline the ethical concerns involved with the cloning process.|
|Ethical Considerations of Surrogate Pregnancy||Discuss the potential consequences and outcomes of surrogacy.|
|What is In-Vitro Fertilization and How Does it Work?||Break down the in-vitro fertilization process to understand how it works.|
|Ethics of In-Vitro Fertilization (Test-Tube Babies)||Assess the health and moral concerns surrounding this practice and the implications of the first test-tube baby.|
1. The History of Abortion Law in the United States
Once illegal in every state, abortions are now legal everywhere in the United States. However, abortion is a controversial political issue, and abortion laws differ greatly depending on what part of the country in which a woman is located.
2. The Moral Question: When Does Life Begin?
When does life begin? Learn about the science of embryonic and fetal development, and how that impacts the moral question. Learn about the various and confusing terms people use: life, human life, potential life, and personhood.
3. A Defense of Abortion' by Judith Jarvis Thomson
In this lesson, we will summarize ''A Defense of Abortion'', which is an article written by Judith Jarvis Thomson in 1971 arguing for the legalization of abortion.
4. The Ethics of Assisted Reproduction Practices
Imagine this...dreaming about having a baby and being told its not possible. Well, at least not in the conventional way. What other options are there? In this lesson, learn about just some of the reproductive technologies we have to help women become pregnant.
5. Is it Ethical to Clone a Human?
Human cloning is a controversial topic and there are many ethical considerations surrounding it. In this lesson we'll discuss human cloning, as well as the pros and cons associated with it.
6. Ethical Considerations of Surrogate Pregnancy
Having a baby without having to be pregnant? Sounds like a good option right? Especially for those who cannot get pregnant or cannot physically carry a baby. But there are many medical, legal and ethical issues to consider.
7. What is In Vitro Fertilization and How Does It Work?
This lesson introduces the concept of fertilization, and then uses that background information to explain the details behind in vitro fertilization (or IVF). A summary and brief quiz are included at the lesson's conclusion.
8. Ethics of In Vitro Fertilization (Test-Tube Babies)
Did you know that modern medicine makes it possible for couples who cannot naturally conceive a baby to become pregnant? However, not everyone agrees with the use of these methods. Learn more about what IVF is and why some are concerned about its use.
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