About This Chapter
Research in Sociology - Chapter Summary
This sociology study resource covers several research methods used in the field. Each lesson is taught by an expert sociology instructor who breaks down relevant definitions and concepts in an engaging and easy-to-understand manner. Inside the chapter, you'll examine the components of quality research studies and evaluate the quantitative and qualitative aspects of sociological experiments. You can access the lessons at any time that fits your schedule, and our instructors are happy to answer any questions you may have. To make sure you fully understand these sociology research concepts, we encourage you to take the interactive self-assessment quizzes that follow each lesson. After completing this chapter, you'll be equipped to:
- Explain the steps and process of the scientific method
- Contextualize three sociological approaches
- Understand sociological research methods
- Outline the details of research design and true experimental design
- Know how ethnography answers sociological questions
- Draw conclusions from research correlations
- Assess the quality of research studies
1. What is the Scientific Method? - Steps and Process
The scientific method is an organized, systematic way researchers, including psychologists, perform research. Psychologists use it to observe, describe and explain human behavior. The scientific method includes a step-by-step formula for researchers to follow.
2. What is Sociological Research? - Positivist, Interpretive and Critical Approaches
Human society is a complex network, and there are many ways to study it. In this lesson, we'll look at three approaches to sociology: positivist, interpretive and critical.
3. Sociological Research: Approaches & Designs
In this lesson, you will explore the ways that sociologists actually conduct their research and discover how something complex can be studied using numbers and other methods. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Types of Research Design
There are questions to be answered in all areas of psychology. How are these questions answered by professionals in the field? This lesson covers several different options researchers can use to approach such questions.
5. True Experimental Design
Experiments are the classic way to conduct research in almost any field of study. But do you know how true experiments really work? This lesson explains the details of experimental design, such as different types of samples, control groups and independent vs. dependent variables.
6. What Is Ethnography? - Studying Cultural Phenomena
Researchers use various methods to answer questions. Some questions cannot be answered through quantitative measures; they are best addressed through qualitative research methods, such as ethnography. This lesson will discuss the defining qualities, methods, and uses of ethnography.
7. How to Interpret Correlations in Research Results
Perhaps the most common statistic you'll see from psychology is a correlation. Do you know how to correctly interpret correlations when you see them? This lesson covers everything you need to know.
8. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
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Other chapters within the TECEP Introduction to Sociology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Sociology & Sociological Theory
- Culture & Sociology
- Socialization & Interaction
- Social Structure & Control
- Stratification & Social Mobility
- Inequality in Society
- Gender, Family & Sexuality
- Social Institutions & Power Structures
- Health & Environmental Sociology
- Societal Change Over Time
- TECEP Introduction to Sociology Flashcards