About This Chapter
Research Methodology for Psychology - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter provide an overview of research methods used by psychologists. You will review methods for measuring things that seem difficult to measure. In addition, you will look at the risks and benefits of using surveys to collect social research data. After completing the chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Detail how to select a problem to research
- Explain the purpose of a hypothesis
- Discuss research variables, research designs, and psychological research methods
- Recount methods used for experimental research in psychology
- Discuss field studies and how data is collected
- Recall the history of cross-cultural psychology
- Explain how the scientific method can help with studying behaviors
- Define non-parametric inferential statistics
These lessons can help you quickly grasp the many topics covered. You can study all the lessons in order, or just go through the lessons that cover the topics you need to review. A helpful quiz is available for each lesson to test your knowledge of psychology research methodology.
1. Selecting a Problem to Research
This lesson explores the process, pitfalls, and requirements for selecting a good problem to research. There is a bit more to it than just having a good idea.
2. What is a Hypothesis? - Definition & Explanation
A hypothesis is an educated prediction that can be tested. You will discover the purpose of a hypothesis then learn how one is developed and written. Examples are provided to aid your understanding, and there is a quiz to test your knowledge.
3. Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator
This lesson explores the terminology of experimental design. What are variables? How do they influence each other? Is it possible that you are seeing connections that don't actually exist?
4. Conceptualization & Operationalization in Measurement
When designing a study, how do you make sure that everyone knows what you're talking about? How do you measure things that seem difficult to measure? In this lesson, we'll look at two key steps in research: conceptualization and operationalization.
5. Psychological Research Methods: Overview & Considerations
In this lesson, you'll explore the diverse research methods used by psychologists to study the human mind and behaviors. Afterward, you can test your understanding with a brief quiz.
6. Experimental Research in Psychology: Methods, Studies & Definition
The field of psychology explores every aspect of what makes us human, from our physiology to our emotions, tracked across the stages of our lives. In this lesson you will learn about the basic elements of a powerful method of exploration, the experiment.
7. Research Designs: Quasi-Experimental, Case Studies & Correlational Research Designs
The true experiment is not the only way to conduct research. This lesson will help you understand the use of quasi-experimental research designs, case studies, and correlational research.
8. Field Study: Definition & Research
Field studies are often done in natural settings or where the variables naturally occur. This lesson further discusses field studies, the various ways data is collected, and the components needed to collect an efficient sample of research data.
9. Cross-Cultural Psychology: Definition, History & Issues
In this lesson, we will go over the history, significance, and current application of cross-cultural psychology, an often overlooked yet incredibly important field of psychology.
10. Using Surveys to Collect Social Research Data
There are many techniques to collect information from people. In this lesson, we will explore some of the ways a researcher collects data, as well as looking at some of the risks and benefits.
11. How Observational & Field Research Are Used to Collect Data
Psychologists have many different options for where and how to do research. Watch this video to learn more about the difference in field and lab research and the advantages and disadvantages of observational research
12. Introduction to Research Design & Statistical Analysis for Psychology
What do psychologists have to think about when designing studies and interpreting results? In this lesson, you'll explore how the scientific method can help with the difficult task of studying behaviors and their potential causes.
13. Non-Parametric Inferential Statistics: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you're going to learn about the major differences between parametric and non-parametric methods for dealing with inferential statistics, as well as see an example of the non-parametric method.
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Other chapters within the UGC NET Psychology Paper II: Exam Prep course
- Perceptual Processes of the Brain
- The Learning Process
- Memory & Forgetting
- Thinking & Problem Solving
- Understanding Motivation & Emotion
- Determinants & Theories of Intelligence
- Determinants & Theories of Personality
- Measurement & Testing in Psychology
- Biological Basis of Behavior
- UGC NET Psychology Paper II Flashcards