About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Research Methods in Psychology chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Research characteristics||What research is and who conducts it; replicable, generalizable, doable, incremental|
|Tuesday||Nonscientific and scientific research||Uses of tradition, personal experience, authority, intuition and logic in nonscientific research; steps in the scientific method and the uses of scientific models in psychology|
|Wednesday||Research tools||Characteristics of field and laboratory observations, psychological measurements and psychological experiments; establishment of cause and effect|
|Thursday||Research methods||Predictor variables and the differences between experimental and non-experimental research; characteristics of quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method research; the relationship between applied and basic research|
|Friday||Research designs||Objectives of exploratory, explanatory and descriptive research; descriptive, correlational and experimental research designs|
1. What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers
Psychological research helps to shape our society - from the way we raise our children to the way we treat our criminals and military enemies. But what is research and who conducts it? This lesson explores the purposes of research in psychology and the individuals who observe, record, and alter our behavior.
2. How to Produce High-Quality Research
Psychology is a science that requires high quality research due to the inherent complexity of human thoughts, behaviors and emotions. One way to go about producing high quality research is to follow certain guidelines that all true sciences follow.
3. Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences
Explore the way people 'know' information without using a scientific methodology. Have you ever fallen for nonscientific research and then presented it as fact?
4. What Is the Scientific Method in Psychology? - Definition, Characteristics & Steps
How might someone apply the scientific method to psychological research? We will review the steps of the scientific method and how they applied to one of the most famous psychological studies ever conducted.
5. Applying the Scientific Model to the Decision-Making Process
You've conducted the research and compiled it all together. Now what? What good is 300 pages of research if it is too complex to convey? You can turn it into a model and teach others, but be wary of the pitfalls.
6. Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation
What are the primary ways a psychologist goes about conducting research? In this lesson, we will look at the three main ways a researcher can go about learning something, as well as some of the more famous psychological research that has used these techniques.
7. Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages
How is a non-experimental design scientific? We will look at what it means to use experimental and non-experimental designs in the course of psychological research. We will also look at some classic examples of different types of research.
8. Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method
While there are many ways to conduct an experiment in psychology, there are only so many ways you can describe it. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences, strengths, and weaknesses of the qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.
9. Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences
In this lesson, we look at the difference between basic and applied psychological research and discover why there is a separation. Through examples, we'll answer the questions, 'What is the purpose of research if it doesn't apply to the real world?' and 'How are the two interrelated?'
10. Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory
There is a parallel between how people come to understand something and the process of researching an idea. This lesson explores the purposes of research as well as three approaches to research in psychology: exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory.
11. Types of Research Designs in Psychology
What are the three main research designs, and what are their advantages and disadvantages? In this lesson, you'll explore the different goals behind descriptive, correlational and experimental research designs.
12. What is the Scientific Method? - Steps and Process
The scientific method is an organized, systematic way researchers, including psychologists, perform research. Psychologists use it to observe, describe and explain human behavior. The scientific method includes a step-by-step formula for researchers to follow.
13. Cause and Effect Relationship: Definition & Examples
This lesson explores the relationship between cause and effect and teaches you about the criteria for establishing a causal relationship, the difference between correlation and causation, and more.
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