About This Chapter
Research Methods in Sociology - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our experienced instructors discuss all aspects of sociological research methods. You'll be reminded of what sociological research is, and the positivist, interpretive and critical approaches. You'll also look at different types of research designs including true experimental design.
The chapter discusses ethnography and methods of studying cultural phenomena, in addition to quantitative and qualitative research and how to interpret correlational data. As you progress through the chapter, you'll refresh your memory about validity and reliability and how they are measured. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain positivist, interpretive and critical approaches to sociological research
- Describe types of research design including true experimental design
- Define ethnography
- Differentiate quantitative vs. qualitative research
- Explain how to interpret correlations
- Discuss validity and reliability
- Recognize ethical concerns in sociological research
Our approach involves brief, engaging video lessons that streamline the learning process. We also give you self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts to deepen your comprehension. We highlight important concepts by giving you key terms that are frequently linked to text lessons. And if you want to go over a portion of a video lesson without re-watching the whole thing, you can use our video tags that take you directly to the part you want to see.
1. What is Sociological Research? - Positivist, Interpretive and Critical Approaches
Human society is a complex network, and there are many ways to study it. In this lesson, we'll look at three approaches to sociology: positivist, interpretive and critical.
2. Types of Research Design
There are questions to be answered in all areas of psychology. How are these questions answered by professionals in the field? This lesson covers several different options researchers can use to approach such questions.
3. True Experimental Design
Experiments are the classic way to conduct research in almost any field of study. But do you know how true experiments really work? This lesson explains the details of experimental design, such as different types of samples, control groups and independent vs. dependent variables.
4. What Is Ethnography? - Studying Cultural Phenomena
Researchers use various methods to answer questions. Some questions cannot be answered through quantitative measures; they are best addressed through qualitative research methods, such as ethnography. This lesson will discuss the defining qualities, methods, and uses of ethnography.
5. Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research
In this lesson, we identify the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods in the social sciences. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each approach.
6. How to Interpret Correlations in Research Results
Perhaps the most common statistic you'll see from psychology is a correlation. Do you know how to correctly interpret correlations when you see them? This lesson covers everything you need to know.
7. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
8. Ethical Concerns in Sociological Research
Research that seeks to understand the behaviors and practices within human society is called sociological research. This lesson will explore potential ethical concerns and the standards for sociological research. We will finish with a quiz to test your knowledge.
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Other chapters within the OSAT Psychology/Sociology (CEOE) (032): Practice & Study Guide course
- History of Psychology
- Psychology Research Methods
- Ethical Considerations in Psychology Research
- Setting Up Research Studies in Psychology
- Biology & Behavior in Psychology
- Senses & Perception
- Dealing with Stress
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Cognition in Psychology
- Learning & Psychology
- Stages of Development in Psychology
- Motivation & Emotion in Psychology
- Psychological Testing and Assessment
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Methods of Psychological Treatment
- Social Psychology Concepts
- Introduction to Sociology
- Influential Sociological Theorists
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Personality Psychology and the Self
- Values, Beliefs and Attitudes
- Social Groups & Interactions
- Studying Social Institutions
- Stratification and Aging in Society
- Prejudice and Discrimination in Society
- Deviance and Social Control
- Overpopulation and Population Trends
- Social Movements
- Urbanization, Industrialization, Modernization and Globalization
- OSAT Psychology/Sociology (CEOE) (032) Flashcards