About This Chapter
Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Research is a carefully crafted study of a certain issue or concern that uses the scientific method to find a conclusion. In this chapter, instructors will help you understand the various types of research and how that research might be accomplished. In addition, you can learn how the study of adult development and aging fits into the research models and what researchers might be hoping to find. By the end of this chapter, you should understand the following topics:
- Differences between the various types of research
- Tools that researchers use to carry out their work
- What part measurement plays in the research process
- What types of research is being done related to gerontology
|What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers||Discuss who usually conducts research and their purposes.|
|How to Produce High-Quality Research||Explore the various features of top-notch research.|
|Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences||Explain the differences between research that is scientific or nonscientific.|
|Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation||Explore the basic tools used in psychological research.|
|Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages||Compare and contrast experimental and non-experimental research.|
|Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method||Explain the differences between quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies.|
|Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences||Compare basic and applied research.|
|Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory||Explain why social research is typically conducted.|
|The Importance of Measurement in the Research Process||Discuss measurement's importance in the research process.|
|The Difference Between Qualitative & Quantitative Measurement||Compare qualitative and quantitative measurement.|
|Measurement Approaches in Adult Development & Aging Research: Definition, Approaches & Examples||Explore the various approaches used in research to measure adult development behaviors.|
|The Building Blocks of Adult Development & Aging Research: Age, Cohort & Time of Measurement||Discuss how the three building blocks are used in all research.|
|An Overview of Qualitative Research||Explain the characteristics of qualitative research.|
|What is Qualitative Research? - Definition, Sources & Examples||Discuss the various sources that might be used for qualitative research.|
|Correlational Research: Definition, Purpose & Examples||Explore the purposes and examples of correlational research.|
|Longitudinal Designs: Definition & Examples||Explain longitudinal designs and offer examples.|
|Cross-Sectional Designs: Definition & Examples||Discuss cross-sectional designs and give examples.|
|Cross-sectional, Longitudinal & Sequential Designs: Advantages & Disadvantages||Compare the positives and negatives of cross-sectional, longitudinal and sequential designs.|
1. What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers
Psychological research helps to shape our society - from the way we raise our children to the way we treat our criminals and military enemies. But what is research and who conducts it? This lesson explores the purposes of research in psychology and the individuals who observe, record, and alter our behavior.
2. How to Produce High-Quality Research
Psychology is a science that requires high quality research due to the inherent complexity of human thoughts, behaviors and emotions. One way to go about producing high quality research is to follow certain guidelines that all true sciences follow.
3. Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences
Explore the way people 'know' information without using a scientific methodology. Have you ever fallen for nonscientific research and then presented it as fact?
4. Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation
What are the primary ways a psychologist goes about conducting research? In this lesson, we will look at the three main ways a researcher can go about learning something, as well as some of the more famous psychological research that has used these techniques.
5. Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages
How is a non-experimental design scientific? We will look at what it means to use experimental and non-experimental designs in the course of psychological research. We will also look at some classic examples of different types of research.
6. Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method
While there are many ways to conduct an experiment in psychology, there are only so many ways you can describe it. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences, strengths, and weaknesses of the qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.
7. Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences
In this lesson, we look at the difference between basic and applied psychological research and discover why there is a separation. Through examples, we'll answer the questions, 'What is the purpose of research if it doesn't apply to the real world?' and 'How are the two interrelated?'
8. Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory
There is a parallel between how people come to understand something and the process of researching an idea. This lesson explores the purposes of research as well as three approaches to research in psychology: exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory.
9. The Importance of Measurement in the Research Process
Why is it important to measure variables in a study? And, how do you go about doing it? In this lesson, we'll examine the importance of measurement, along with some common types of psychological measurement.
10. The Difference Between Qualitative & Quantitative Measurement
In research, there are generally two types of data. In this lesson, we'll look at quantitative and qualitative measurement, when each are used, and how researchers can sometimes use both.
11. Measurement Approaches in Adult Development & Aging Research: Definition, Approaches & Examples
This lesson will explore two common ways in which a researcher could measure changes in middle aged and older adults. In addition, a common tactic to ensure results are valid is also discussed.
12. The Building Blocks of Adult Development & Aging Research: Age, Cohort & Time of Measurement
This lesson explores some of the fundamental building blocks of designing a research study that has to do with how people change over time. This lesson examines ways a researcher can parse out the difference between group changes and changes over time.
13. An Overview of Qualitative Research
Sometimes, a research study does not have results made up of numbers. In this lesson, we'll look at qualitative research, compare it to quantitative research and examine some of its strengths and limitations.
14. What is Qualitative Research? - Definition, Sources & Examples
Sometimes research does not involve simple numbers that you can analyze. When that happens, where do researchers get their data? In this lesson, we'll look at qualitative data and the major sources of it.
15. Correlational Research: Definition, Purpose & Examples
This lesson explores, with the help of two examples, the basic idea of what a correlation is, the general purpose of using correlational research, and how a researcher might use it in a study.
16. Longitudinal Designs: Definition & Examples
This lesson discusses the uses and procedures in running a longitudinal design. In addition, we also explore some of the benefits and issues that can occur when using such a design.
17. Cross-Sectional Designs: Definition & Examples
This lesson explores the process and requirements in using a cross-sectional design. Two examples are used, one common and one uncommon, to demonstrate how cross-sectional designs can be used in quasi-experiments.
18. Cross-sectional, Longitudinal & Sequential Designs: Advantages & Disadvantages
This lesson examines the three main ways of conducting research on adults and older individuals. Specifically, we will examine the three types, some of their advantages, and some of their disadvantages.
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Other chapters within the Gerontology for Teachers: Professional Development course
- Introduction to Gerontology
- Political & Ethical Issues in Studying Gerontology
- Conducting Ethical Research When Studying Gerontology
- The Demography of Aging
- The Health of Older Adults
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- The Brain & Nervous System in Older Adults
- The Aging Muscle, Skeletal, and Integumentary Systems
- The Aging Sensory System
- The Aging Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Attention and Memory of the Aging Population
- The Cognitive Development of Older Adults
- Intelligence, Creativity, & Wisdom in Older Adults
- Mental Health & Lifespan Development Disorders in Older Adults
- Measures of Well-Being in Aging Populations
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Anxiety Disorders Related to Aging
- Substance Use Disorders & Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders in Older Adults
- Personality & Older Adulthood
- Mood and Stress Disorders
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Aging in Society: Social Implications for Older Adults
- Interpersonal Relationships of Older Adults
- The Economics of Aging
- Work in Late Adulthood
- Work, Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement
- Politics and Policy for Older Adults
- Dying and Bereavement in Older Adults