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Ch 3: Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology

About This Chapter

View video lessons to learn about the various features of effective research and how they relate to the field of gerontology. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Research is a carefully crafted study of a certain issue or concern that uses the scientific method to find a conclusion. In this chapter, instructors will help you understand the various types of research and how that research might be accomplished. In addition, you can learn how the study of adult development and aging fits into the research models and what researchers might be hoping to find. By the end of this chapter, you should understand the following topics:

  • Differences between the various types of research
  • Tools that researchers use to carry out their work
  • What part measurement plays in the research process
  • What types of research is being done related to gerontology

Video Objectives
What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers Discuss who usually conducts research and their purposes.
How to Produce High-Quality Research Explore the various features of top-notch research.
Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences Explain the differences between research that is scientific or nonscientific.
Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation Explore the basic tools used in psychological research.
Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages Compare and contrast experimental and non-experimental research.
Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method Explain the differences between quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies.
Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences Compare basic and applied research.
Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory Explain why social research is typically conducted.
The Importance of Measurement in the Research Process Discuss measurement's importance in the research process.
The Difference Between Qualitative & Quantitative Measurement Compare qualitative and quantitative measurement.
Measurement Approaches in Adult Development & Aging Research: Definition, Approaches & Examples Explore the various approaches used in research to measure adult development behaviors.
The Building Blocks of Adult Development & Aging Research: Age, Cohort & Time of Measurement Discuss how the three building blocks are used in all research.
An Overview of Qualitative Research Explain the characteristics of qualitative research.
What is Qualitative Research? - Definition, Sources & Examples Discuss the various sources that might be used for qualitative research.
Correlational Research: Definition, Purpose & Examples Explore the purposes and examples of correlational research.
Longitudinal Designs: Definition & Examples Explain longitudinal designs and offer examples.
Cross-Sectional Designs: Definition & Examples Discuss cross-sectional designs and give examples.
Cross-sectional, Longitudinal & Sequential Designs: Advantages & Disadvantages Compare the positives and negatives of cross-sectional, longitudinal and sequential designs.

18 Lessons in Chapter 3: Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers

1. What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers

Psychological research helps to shape our society - from the way we raise our children to the way we treat our criminals and military enemies. But what is research and who conducts it? This lesson explores the purposes of research in psychology and the individuals who observe, record, and alter our behavior.

How to Produce High-Quality Research

2. How to Produce High-Quality Research

Psychology is a science that requires high quality research due to the inherent complexity of human thoughts, behaviors and emotions. One way to go about producing high quality research is to follow certain guidelines that all true sciences follow.

Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences

3. Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences

Explore the way people 'know' information without using a scientific methodology. Have you ever fallen for nonscientific research and then presented it as fact?

Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation

4. Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation

What are the primary ways a psychologist goes about conducting research? In this lesson, we will look at the three main ways a researcher can go about learning something, as well as some of the more famous psychological research that has used these techniques.

Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages

5. Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages

How is a non-experimental design scientific? We will look at what it means to use experimental and non-experimental designs in the course of psychological research. We will also look at some classic examples of different types of research.

Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method

6. Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method

While there are many ways to conduct an experiment in psychology, there are only so many ways you can describe it. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences, strengths, and weaknesses of the qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.

Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences

7. Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences

In this lesson, we look at the difference between basic and applied psychological research and discover why there is a separation. Through examples, we'll answer the questions, 'What is the purpose of research if it doesn't apply to the real world?' and 'How are the two interrelated?'

Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory

8. Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory

There is a parallel between how people come to understand something and the process of researching an idea. This lesson explores the purposes of research as well as three approaches to research in psychology: exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory.

The Importance of Measurement in the Research Process

9. The Importance of Measurement in the Research Process

Why is it important to measure variables in a study? And, how do you go about doing it? In this lesson, we'll examine the importance of measurement, along with some common types of psychological measurement.

The Difference Between Qualitative & Quantitative Measurement

10. The Difference Between Qualitative & Quantitative Measurement

In research, there are generally two types of data. In this lesson, we'll look at quantitative and qualitative measurement, when each are used, and how researchers can sometimes use both.

Measurement Approaches in Adult Development & Aging Research: Definition, Approaches & Examples

11. Measurement Approaches in Adult Development & Aging Research: Definition, Approaches & Examples

This lesson will explore two common ways in which a researcher could measure changes in middle aged and older adults. In addition, a common tactic to ensure results are valid is also discussed.

The Building Blocks of Adult Development & Aging Research: Age, Cohort & Time of Measurement

12. The Building Blocks of Adult Development & Aging Research: Age, Cohort & Time of Measurement

This lesson explores some of the fundamental building blocks of designing a research study that has to do with how people change over time. This lesson examines ways a researcher can parse out the difference between group changes and changes over time.

An Overview of Qualitative Research

13. An Overview of Qualitative Research

Sometimes, a research study does not have results made up of numbers. In this lesson, we'll look at qualitative research, compare it to quantitative research and examine some of its strengths and limitations.

What is Qualitative Research? - Definition, Sources & Examples

14. What is Qualitative Research? - Definition, Sources & Examples

Sometimes research does not involve simple numbers that you can analyze. When that happens, where do researchers get their data? In this lesson, we'll look at qualitative data and the major sources of it.

Correlational Research: Definition, Purpose & Examples

15. Correlational Research: Definition, Purpose & Examples

This lesson explores, with the help of two examples, the basic idea of what a correlation is, the general purpose of using correlational research, and how a researcher might use it in a study.

Longitudinal Designs: Definition & Examples

16. Longitudinal Designs: Definition & Examples

This lesson discusses the uses and procedures in running a longitudinal design. In addition, we also explore some of the benefits and issues that can occur when using such a design.

Cross-Sectional Designs: Definition & Examples

17. Cross-Sectional Designs: Definition & Examples

This lesson explores the process and requirements in using a cross-sectional design. Two examples are used, one common and one uncommon, to demonstrate how cross-sectional designs can be used in quasi-experiments.

Cross-sectional, Longitudinal & Sequential Designs: Advantages & Disadvantages

18. Cross-sectional, Longitudinal & Sequential Designs: Advantages & Disadvantages

This lesson examines the three main ways of conducting research on adults and older individuals. Specifically, we will examine the three types, some of their advantages, and some of their disadvantages.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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