About This Chapter
Research Sources, Methods & Technologies - Chapter Summary
Review the various approaches to sociological research, along with tools and methodologies you can employ, through the lessons in this chapter. Also, check out the types of instructional strategies you can use with students. Additional topics of study addressed in this series of brief online video lessons include the following:
- Purposes of research: exploratory, descriptive and explanatory
- Source materials and tools for social science research
- Quantitative, qualitative and mixed research methods
- Scientific vs. nonscientific research
- Ethical codes of conduct for research and data interpretation
- Content analysis and use of existing statistics
- Secondary records and archival research
- Presentation of social science research
- Analysis of connections among social sciences
This chapter was designed by a team of experienced professional educators, with the goal of teaching you about research sources, methods and technologies in an easy-to-follow, engaging manner. The video lessons take just a few minutes to watch, and video tags allow you to quickly return to the main points if you need additional review. The transcript of each video is included as well, and many of these transcripts feature keyword links to some of our other articles, where you can further your learning. Finally, each lesson includes a short multiple-choice quiz, which can help you measure your knowledge in this area.
1. Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method
While there are many ways to conduct an experiment in psychology, there are only so many ways you can describe it. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences, strengths, and weaknesses of the qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.
2. Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences
Explore the way people 'know' information without using a scientific methodology. Have you ever fallen for nonscientific research and then presented it as fact?
3. Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences
In this lesson, we look at the difference between basic and applied psychological research and discover why there is a separation. Through examples, we'll answer the questions, 'What is the purpose of research if it doesn't apply to the real world?' and 'How are the two interrelated?'
4. How to Produce High-Quality Research
Psychology is a science that requires high quality research due to the inherent complexity of human thoughts, behaviors and emotions. One way to go about producing high quality research is to follow certain guidelines that all true sciences follow.
5. Using Content Analysis to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores what content analysis is and how a researcher can use this technique to explore and collect social data. An explanation of how to use this technique to explore the psychology of other times is also explored.
6. Using Archival Research & Secondary Records to Collect Social Research Data
This lesson explores the idea of what happens when researchers already have information and data that they can study. You'll get the chance to look at descriptions of archival and meta-analysis research.
7. Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory
There is a parallel between how people come to understand something and the process of researching an idea. This lesson explores the purposes of research as well as three approaches to research in psychology: exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory.
8. Ethical Research: Maintaining Privacy, Anonymity & Confidentiality
When performing research, there are certain expectations that a researcher must follow to protect their subjects. We will explore a few of the different ways that a subject's responses are kept from being used against them.
9. What Is Informed Consent in Research? - Definition & Purpose
After you have figured out what you are going to research and have approval to do it, you need informed consent from the participants in your experiment. What is informed consent, and how is it different than regular consent?
10. Research Misconduct: Fraud and Plagiarism
Obviously, at this level, you don't need to be told that copying or making things up is wrong; however, it still happens more often than it should. We will look at the specifics of plagiarism and fraud in psychological research.
11. Legal and Unethical Behavior in Research
In this lesson, explore some of the ways the ethical code and the legal system interact. Learn if it is possible to perform unethical research yet not violate the law.
12. Selecting a Problem to Research
This lesson explores the process, pitfalls, and requirements for selecting a good problem to research. There is a bit more to it than just having a good idea.
13. How to Choose a Research Method & Design
After a researcher has something they want to study, what is the process of figuring out how to study it? This lesson explores most of the elements involved in selecting and designing an experiment.
14. Writing Research Questions: Purpose & Examples
What is a research question, and why is it important to get it right? This lesson will explore one way to write a research question, which guides a researcher in designing his or her experiment.
15. Research Variables: Dependent, Independent, Control, Extraneous & Moderator
This lesson explores the terminology of experimental design. What are variables? How do they influence each other? Is it possible that you are seeing connections that don't actually exist?
16. The Literature Review Process
Literature review is a process of looking at what research has been done in a specific field of study. In this lesson, we will explore how to work through the process of performing and writing a literature review.
17. Samples & Populations in Research: Definition
When planning an experiment, you will likely use groups of participants. This lesson explores the types of groups an experimenter can collect data from and the reason why there are different groups.
18. The Major Sections of a Research Study According to APA
This lesson explores how the American Psychological Association recommends research articles and projects be set up. Each section is sufficiently explained to increase familiarity with the pieces of a research article.
19. Published & Typed Reports: Differences & Examples
What is the process after you have completed your research? In this lesson, we will explore the differences between a finished piece of research and a published piece of research, why it is important, and the process of how it is accomplished.
20. Using Appropriate Tools for Scientific Tests & Data Collection
A properly run experiment depends on using the right tools, both for data collection and analysis. In the end, it will save you time, money and frustration to spend some time planning out which tools are most appropriate for your work.
21. What is Sociological Research? - Positivist, Interpretive and Critical Approaches
Human society is a complex network, and there are many ways to study it. In this lesson, we'll look at three approaches to sociology: positivist, interpretive and critical.
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Other chapters within the ILTS Social Science - History (246): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- Analyzing & Interpreting Social Science Inquiry
- U.S. Government and Political Systems
- U.S. and World Economies
- Cultural & Physical Geography
- Human Behavior & Development
- Structure of Society & Social Interaction
- World Religions
- Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- Prehistory & Early Civilizations
- History of the Ancient Near East
- Contributions & History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism & Athens
- The Roman Republic Rises
- History of the Fall of Rome
- History of the Dark Ages
- Early Middle Ages Overview
- Overview of the Medieval Warm Period
- Overview of the High Middle Ages
- Overview of the Late Middle Ages
- History of the Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration & Discovery
- The Reformation Across Europe
- History of the Elizabethan Era
- Overview of Colonialism
- Overview of World War I
- Overview of World War II
- Early American Civilizations
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- Important Events Leading to the American Revolution
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution
- The Virginia Dynasty
- Jacksonian Democracy
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion
- Buildup to the American Civil War
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- The Progressive Era of the Early 20th Century
- American Imperialism & World War I
- 1920s America
- America and the Great Depression
- World Events & Politics After World War II (1946-1959)
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Civil Rights & Other Movements in the US (1954-1973)
- America in the 1970s
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