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Ch 1: Review of Inorganic Chemistry for Anatomy & Physiology Students

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to get a review of inorganic chemistry, including atoms, the electron shell, isotopes and atomic mass. Check your knowledge of inorganic chemistry concepts with the quizzes that follow each lesson.

Review of Inorganic Chemistry - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In this chapter, we will go over some of the basics of inorganic chemistry to give you a nice review of topics you have likely previously learned. We will look at basic concepts, such as atoms, electron shells and isotopes. You'll also watch lessons that cover chemical bonds, specifically covalent, ionic, polar covalent and hydrogen bonds. We also have a lesson covering the properties of water. Some other topics that will be covered in the lessons of this chapter include:

  • Hydrophobic solutions
  • Osmosis
  • The pH scale
  • The laws of thermodynamics
  • Writing chemical reactions
  • Weak bases

VideoObjective
The Atom Study the atom, and touch on topics that include elements, nucleus, atomic number, proton, neutron and electron mass.
The Electron Shell Explore topics related to the electron shell, such as energy level, valence level, the periodic table, noble gases and valence electron.
Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass Examine isotopes and average atomic mass.
Chemical Bond I: Covalent Discover topics related to covalent bonds, including molecule, double bond, triple bond and chemical bond.
Chemical Bonds II: Ionic Review ionic chemical bond topics like ion, ionic bond, cations, anion and electronegativity.
Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent Learn more about polar covalent bonds and nonpolar covalent bonds.
Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen Find out about hydrogen bonds and polar covalent bonds.
Properties of Water Study the properties of water, such as specific heat, surface tension, cohesion, melting, freezing and evaporation.
Solutions, Solvents and Solutes Explore solutions, solvents and solutes.
Osmosis and Diffusion Examine the ideas of osmosis, diffusion and equilibrium.
Acids and Bases Study concepts related to acids and bases, such as pH scale, hydrogen ion, hydronium ion, solution, solute and solvent.
The Laws of Thermodynamics Find out more about the laws of thermodynamics including a look at chemical reactions and the first and second laws of thermodynamics.
How to Write and Balance Chemical Reactions Examine how to write and balance chemical reactions with a look at concepts including endothermic, exothermic, free energy and chemical equilibrium.
Weak Acids, Weak Bases and Buffers Study concepts that include buffer, weak acid, weak base, strong acid and strong base.

15 Lessons in Chapter 1: Review of Inorganic Chemistry for Anatomy & Physiology Students
The Atom

1. The Atom

Tune into this lesson to find out what matters about matter. What exactly is an atom? And, how do the atoms that make up the elements in the periodic table differ from one another?

The Electron Shell

2. The Electron Shell

You may be familiar with the role of electrons in electrical devices, but did you know that electrons also determine the chemical reactivity of everything around you?

Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass

3. Isotopes and Average Atomic Mass

When you drink a glass of water, you are actually drinking a combination of heavy water and light water. What's the difference? Is it harmful? This video will explain the difference between the two types of water and go into detail on the significance of the different isotopes of elements.

Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

4. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.

Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

5. Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

Did you know that the scientific name for table salt is sodium chloride? Find out how sodium and chlorine atoms come together to form your favorite seasoning.

Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent

6. Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent

Are you confused about how you can tell what kind of bond two atoms will form? This lesson will help you understand the difference between polar and nonpolar covalent bonds as well as how to predict how two atoms will interact.

Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen

7. Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen

This lesson defines and discusses important concepts behind hydrogen bonding. You'll learn when and why these bonds occur and which atoms are often involved.

Properties of Water

8. Properties of Water

Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.

Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents

9. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents

Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.

Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation

10. Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation

The cells in our bodies are in constant flux through the processes of osmosis and diffusion. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do.

Acids and Bases

11. Acids and Bases

Have you ever wondered how we measure the acidity of liquids? Check out this lesson to see how acids and bases are measured on a pH scale and how they relate to neutral solutions, such as water.

The Laws of Thermodynamics

12. The Laws of Thermodynamics

Learn about the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Find out how energy is generated, how it converts from one form to another, and what happens to energy in a closed system.

Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations

13. Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations

In this lesson, you'll learn how to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. You'll also learn how to write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean.

Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions

14. Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions

Learn how about the various components of a chemical reaction, and how those components function. Use this lesson to understand the basic properties of different kinds of chemical reactions.

Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

15. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.

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