About This Chapter
Review of Inorganic Chemistry
From the basic units of matter to complex molecular interactions, inorganic chemistry can help us make sense of the fabric of our existence. Did you know that matter, humans beings included, is composed of mostly empty space? Yet atoms made up of electrons, protons and neutrons, these seemingly insignificant specks that populate that space, make all the difference. As you watch our lessons, you'll understand the beautiful interactions that take place between these building blocks.
What do electrons have to do with an atom's desire for stability, and why do Noble gases have it made? As we explore electron shells, you'll learn about electron sharing as well as the give and take that occurs between atoms. You'll navigate the elements of the periodic table while we touch upon atomic number, atomic nucleus, charge, mass, electronegativity and valence electrons. From there, you'll start to see how it all comes together with chemical bonds: covalent, ionic, polar covalent, hydrogen, intramolecular and intermolecular - you name it; we've got you covered.
Why is life dependent on water? You'll get the answers as we examine water's properties and see how aqueous environments can dissolve even the strongest of chemical bonds. What makes some molecules hydrophilic and others hydrophobic? Prepare to become well-acquainted with hydrogen bonds, exploring how they can keep ice afloat as well as play a powerful role in many biological processes. You'll also trace the forms that energy can take and perhaps pick up a good excuse for how your room got so messy. And, of course, we'll examine reactions, the chemical equilibrium dance that takes place between reactants and products. Thanks for watching!
1. The Atom
Tune into this lesson to find out what matters about matter. What exactly is an atom? And, how do the atoms that make up the elements in the periodic table differ from one another?
2. The Electron Shell
You may be familiar with the role of electrons in electrical devices, but did you know that electrons also determine the chemical reactivity of everything around you?
3. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent
Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.
4. Chemical Bonds II: Ionic
Did you know that the scientific name for table salt is sodium chloride? Find out how sodium and chlorine atoms come together to form your favorite seasoning.
5. Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent
Are you confused about how you can tell what kind of bond two atoms will form? This lesson will help you understand the difference between polar and nonpolar covalent bonds as well as how to predict how two atoms will interact.
6. Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen
This lesson defines and discusses important concepts behind hydrogen bonding. You'll learn when and why these bonds occur and which atoms are often involved.
7. Properties of Water
Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.
8. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents
Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.
9. Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation
The cells in our bodies are in constant flux through the processes of osmosis and diffusion. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do.
10. Acids and Bases
Have you ever wondered how we measure the acidity of liquids? Check out this lesson to see how acids and bases are measured on a pH scale and how they relate to neutral solutions, such as water.
11. The Laws of Thermodynamics
Learn about the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Find out how energy is generated, how it converts from one form to another, and what happens to energy in a closed system.
12. Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples
This short video will explain oxidation-reduction reactions, or redox reactions for short. The focus is on how electrons are transferred during redox reactions. Learn some neat mnemonic devices to help you remember when an atom is oxidizing or reducing.
13. Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations
In this lesson, you'll learn how to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. You'll also learn how to write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean.
14. Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions
Learn how about the various components of a chemical reaction, and how those components function. Use this lesson to understand the basic properties of different kinds of chemical reactions.
15. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers
This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.
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Other chapters within the CLEP Biology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Scientific Principles
- Introduction to Organic Chemistry
- Cell Biology
- How Enzymes Work
- Basics of DNA & RNA
- Process of DNA Replication
- The Transcription and Translation Process
- Basics of Gene Mutations
- Basics of Metabolic Biochemistry
- Overview of Cell Division
- Plant Biology
- Plant Reproduction and Growth
- Physiology I: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems
- Physiology II: The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems
- Animal Reproduction and Development
- Biology of Genetics
- Principles of Ecology
- Speciation & Evolution
- The Origin and History of Life On Earth
- Phylogeny and the Classification of Organisms
- Social Biology
- Analyzing Scientific Data