About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Rhetorical Devices chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Common literary devices||Definitions and examples, when to use them;|
Definition of similes and examples from literature;
Overview of first, second and third person points of view and how to identify them;
Types of narrative styles, such as omniscient narration, unreliable narrators and limited narration; how to identify narrative styles
|Tuesday||Additional literary devices||Definition, types and examples of foreshadowing in literature; Chekhov's gun, omens, red herrings|
Definition, examples and types of metaphors; extended metaphors, mixed metaphors;
Definitions and examples of allusion and illusion;
Definition and examples of synecdoche and metonymy
|Wednesday||Literary motifs||How apostrophe and personification differ;|
Definition of irony; types and examples;
Themes, thematic statements, definition and examples of literary motifs;
Definition and examples of catharsis, history of this device in drama and literature
|Thursday||Rhetorical devices||Definition and examples of allegory, its history in literature;|
Definition and examples of consonance, assonance and repetition;
Definition and examples of understatement and litotes, how they differ, sarcasm;
Definition of euphemisms, examples from literature and the real world
|Friday||Other types of rhetorical devices||Definition of symbolism and imagery, examples from literature;|
How to determine meaning, definition and differences in tone and mood;
Definition of satire, parody and spoof, examples of these types of humorous writing
1. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples
Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.
2. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples
Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.
3. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
4. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions
Learn how point of view, or the angle from which a story is told, impacts the narrative voice of a work of literature. Explore, through examples, how point of view can be limited, objective, or omniscient.
5. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.
6. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.
7. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.
8. Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples
Would you lend your ears for a moment (or at least your eyeballs)? This lesson will explain what synecdoche and metonymy mean and how to spot them in a piece of prose or poetry.
9. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples
In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.
10. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.
11. What Are Literary Motifs? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about how writers use themes in works of literature as a way to explore universal ideas like love and war. You will also explore motifs, or repeating objects and ideas, which can contribute to theme.
12. What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama
In this lesson, learn about catharsis, a purging of feelings that occurs when audiences have strong emotional reactions to a work of literature. Explore examples of literary works which lead to catharsis, including tragedies.
13. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples
Learn about allegories and how stories can be used to deliver messages, lessons or even commentaries on big concepts and institutions. Explore how allegories range from straightforward to heavily-veiled and subtle.
14. Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson, explore the different ways authors repeat consonant and vowel sounds in their literary works. Learn about how writers use repeated words and phrases with well-known examples.
15. Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples
In this lesson, explore the use of understatement as a way to draw attention to a specific quality or to add humor. Learn about litotes, a specific form of understatement, and discover examples from literature.
16. Euphemism: Definition & Examples
This lesson defines euphemisms, alternate language used in place of offensive language or when discussing taboo topics. Explore some examples of euphemisms in everyday language and well-known examples from literature.
17. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson you will learn how poets and authors use symbolism in their writing to make it more meaningful and interesting. Explore how descriptive writing called imagery appeals to the senses, adding to works of literature.
18. Tone vs. Mood: Interpreting Meaning In Prose
In this lesson, learn the difference between the tone and the mood of a piece of prose. Explore examples of how tone and mood are conveyed by authors through word choice and telling details.
19. Satire, Parody, or Spoof: Types of Humorous Writing
Learn about how writers use satire, parody and spoof to make their readers laugh and think. Explore how these forms mock the conventions of specific literary works and genres.
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Other chapters within the AP English Language Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Reading Essays - Basics: AP English Language Lesson Plans
- Prose Nonfiction - AP English Language Lesson Plans
- Beginning the Writing Process: AP English Language Lesson Plans
- Writing & Structuring an Essay: AP English Language Lesson Plans
- Writing Revision & Skill Development: AP English Language Lesson Plans
- Conventions in Essay Writing: AP English Language Lesson Plans
- Grammar Review: AP English Language Lesson Plans
- Using Source Materials: AP English Language Lesson Plans