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Ch 21: Road to the American Revolution - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Review the history of America in the years leading up to the Revolutionary War by studying this chapter. An understanding of the content covered in these lessons will help prepare you for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science test.

Road to the American Revolution - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, you will learn about how interactions between Britain and America led to the American Revolution, thus equipping you for potential questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science test. These lessons will detail the following:

  • The First Great Awakening and the yearning for independence
  • Summary of the French and Indian War
  • Founding of the Sons of Liberty
  • Controversial British policies and the ensuing Boston Massacre
  • The First Continental Congress

These brief video lessons will be led by our expert instructors, who will be available to answer any pertinent questions you may have. Be sure to take the self-assessments at the end of each lesson to practice answering multiple-choice questions, like on the exam, and to ascertain how well you comprehend the subject matter.

Road to the American Revolution - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Chapter Objectives

The ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam is a certification test for those interested in teaching social science courses to middle school students in Oregon. This roughly 150 multiple-choice question exam relates to specific objectives within four domains. Half of these questions correspond to history content, including an understanding of American history leading up to 1789. This chapter will help you review historic information pertaining to the events leading up to the Revolution and the political climate at the time. You may be tested on your understanding of America during this time period, and studying these lessons will help you go into the exam with confidence. Utilizing the self-assessment quizzes will give you opportunities to practice using your knowledge to correctly answer questions.

5 Lessons in Chapter 21: Road to the American Revolution - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American Independence

1. The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American Independence

While the Enlightenment was shaping the minds of 18th-century colonists, another movement, the First Great Awakening, was shaping their hearts. With freedom of conscience at its core, the Awakening led Americans to break with religious traditions and seek out their own beliefs while sharing common values.

The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary

2. The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary

In the mid-1700s, the Seven Years' War involved all of the world's major colonial powers on five continents. The biggest fight was between France and Great Britain, and the victor would come away with control of North America.

Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule

3. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule

In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.

Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts

4. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts

After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.

The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress

5. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress

Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science: Practice & Study Guide course

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