About This Chapter
Rock Deformation and Mountain Building - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Rocks are constantly bent, twisted and fractured by various stresses within the earth, causing these rocks to change in shape or size. Through this chapter, you can learn about the stages of rock deformation as well as processes - including folding, faulting and metamorphism - that lead to the formation of mountains. By the end of this series of video lessons, you should be able to do the following:
- Identify the three types of differential stress that cause rock deformation.
- Differentiate among types of folds, including anticlines, synclines, domes and basins.
- Discuss the difference between tensional, compressional and shear faults.
- Define various terminology associated with mountain building, including volcanic arc, continental collision and isostasy.
|Rock Deformation: Definition, Causes, Stages & Byproducts||Define rock deformation. Describe how stress and strain cause deformation. Learn about the three successive stages of deformation. Discuss how materials fall into one of two classes based on their relative behavior under stress.|
|Geological Folds: Definition, Causes & Types||Define geological folds. Describe the causes of folds. Identify various fold types.|
|Geological Faults: Definition, Causes & Types||Define geological faults. Describe the causes of faults. Identify various fault types.|
|The Processes of Mountain Building||Describe the process of mountain building and learn related terminology.|
1. Rock Deformation: Causes and Types
In this video lesson, you will learn about how rock can be deformed from stress and the effect this has on the rock. You will identify different types of deformation based on the composition of the rock as well as external stress factors.
2. Geological Folds: Definition, Causes & Types
Under the right conditions and over millions of years, rock can be deformed so that it is folded into a different shape. In this video lesson, you will identify different types of folds as well as what causes them to occur in rock.
3. Geological Faults: Definition, Causes & Types
In this video lesson, you will identify different faults and the types of stress that cause them. You will also see examples of the effects these faults have on the landscape.
4. The Processes of Mountain Building
In this video lesson, you will learn about the process of mountain building. You will identify different ways that mountains form, as well as the different types of mountains that result from this process.
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Other chapters within the Earth Science 101: Earth Science course
- Earth Science Basics
- Geologic Time
- Characteristics of Matter
- Earth's Spheres and Internal Structure
- Plate Tectonics
- Minerals and Rocks
- Igneous Rocks
- Volcanic Landforms
- Weathering and Erosion
- Sedimentary Rocks: A Deeper Look
- Metamorphic Rocks: A Deeper Look
- Water Balance on Earth
- Running Water
- Ground Water
- Coastal Hazards
- Earth's Atmosphere
- Weather, Air Masses & Storms
- Earth History
- Energy Resources
- Studying for Earth Science 101