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Ch 3: Role of Carbohydrates in Nutrition

About This Chapter

Use these lessons to explore the role of carbohydrates in nutrition. Get some help with homework, memorize key terms, prepare for a test, or simply use this chapter to get ready for classroom discussions about dietary needs and food choices.

Role of Carbohydrates in Nutrition - Chapter Summary

Healthy nutrition involves a balance of different types of foods and liquids. In these lessons, you will discover what role carbohydrates play in healthy nutrition, including recommendations on what foods to eat to get the carbohydrates you need. If you are looking for something a little more interactive than your standard study guide, then look no further than our site. By the time you get through this chapter, you should have gained the knowledge to do the following:

  • Review the function and structure of carbohydrates
  • Show intake guidelines and the sources of carbohydrates
  • Determine carbohydrate functions and the influence of deficiency
  • Establish the major disaccharides and lactose intolerance
  • Outline the nutrient conversion process and blood glucose regulation
  • Evaluate what happens with excessive carbohydrate consumption
  • Figure out the dietary effects of soluble and insoluble fiber

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7 Lessons in Chapter 3: Role of Carbohydrates in Nutrition
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

1. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.

What Are Carbohydrates? - Sources & Intake Guidelines

2. What Are Carbohydrates? - Sources & Intake Guidelines

Do you know which foods contain carbohydrates? Learn sources of both simple and complex carbohydrates, as well as how many carbs you should consume each day to stay healthy and avoid disease, in this lesson.

The Importance of Carbohydrates: Functions & Impact of Deficiency

3. The Importance of Carbohydrates: Functions & Impact of Deficiency

The main function of carbohydrates is to provide the body and brain with energy. An adequate intake of carbs also spares proteins and helps with fat metabolism. Learn about the roles carbohydrates play and what happens when you don't get enough of them.

Lactose Intolerance and the Major Disaccharides: Definition, Structure & Examples

4. Lactose Intolerance and the Major Disaccharides: Definition, Structure & Examples

Disaccharides are a class of sugar created by the combination of two monosaccharides. The three major disaccharides in your diet are maltose, sucrose, and lactose. In this lesson, you will learn about these disaccharides and a common digestive system disorder called lactose intolerance.

Regulation of Blood Glucose: Importance & Nutrient Conversion

5. Regulation of Blood Glucose: Importance & Nutrient Conversion

Blood glucose levels are closely regulated and maintained within a narrow range. Learn how the pancreatic hormones, insulin and glucagon, maintain normal blood sugar levels and how other nutrients can be converted to blood glucose in this lesson.

Health Effects of the Excessive Consumption of Carbohydrates

6. Health Effects of the Excessive Consumption of Carbohydrates

Excessive consumption of carbohydrates, especially refined carbohydrates and added sugars, can lead to negative health effects. Learn how type 2 diabetes, dental caries and obesity are linked to the overconsumption of carbohydrates in this lesson.

Insoluble and Soluble Fiber: Dietary Needs

7. Insoluble and Soluble Fiber: Dietary Needs

If you didn't know this already, there are many different kinds and functions of fiber! You'll learn about what dietary, functional, total, soluble, and insoluble fiber is and how much you need each day and why.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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