About This Chapter
Role of Carbohydrates in Nutrition - Chapter Summary
Healthy nutrition involves a balance of different types of foods and liquids. In these lessons, you will discover what role carbohydrates play in healthy nutrition, including recommendations on what foods to eat to get the carbohydrates you need. If you are looking for something a little more interactive than your standard study guide, then look no further than our site. By the time you get through this chapter, you should have gained the knowledge to do the following:
- Review the function and structure of carbohydrates
- Show intake guidelines and the sources of carbohydrates
- Determine carbohydrate functions and the influence of deficiency
- Establish the major disaccharides and lactose intolerance
- Outline the nutrient conversion process and blood glucose regulation
- Evaluate what happens with excessive carbohydrate consumption
- Figure out the dietary effects of soluble and insoluble fiber
From your personal user dashboard, you can easily navigate your way through all of our available chapters and lessons. You pick the materials you want to review, and you can go through our materials repeatedly. We even give you the opportunity to send your questions directly to our experts.
1. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
2. What Are Carbohydrates? - Sources & Intake Guidelines
Do you know which foods contain carbohydrates? Learn sources of both simple and complex carbohydrates, as well as how many carbs you should consume each day to stay healthy and avoid disease, in this lesson.
3. The Importance of Carbohydrates: Functions & Impact of Deficiency
The main function of carbohydrates is to provide the body and brain with energy. An adequate intake of carbs also spares proteins and helps with fat metabolism. Learn about the roles carbohydrates play and what happens when you don't get enough of them.
4. Lactose Intolerance and the Major Disaccharides: Definition, Structure & Examples
Disaccharides are a class of sugar created by the combination of two monosaccharides. The three major disaccharides in your diet are maltose, sucrose, and lactose. In this lesson, you will learn about these disaccharides and a common digestive system disorder called lactose intolerance.
5. Regulation of Blood Glucose: Importance & Nutrient Conversion
Blood glucose levels are closely regulated and maintained within a narrow range. Learn how the pancreatic hormones, insulin and glucagon, maintain normal blood sugar levels and how other nutrients can be converted to blood glucose in this lesson.
6. Health Effects of the Excessive Consumption of Carbohydrates
Excessive consumption of carbohydrates, especially refined carbohydrates and added sugars, can lead to negative health effects. Learn how type 2 diabetes, dental caries and obesity are linked to the overconsumption of carbohydrates in this lesson.
7. Insoluble and Soluble Fiber: Dietary Needs
If you didn't know this already, there are many different kinds and functions of fiber! You'll learn about what dietary, functional, total, soluble, and insoluble fiber is and how much you need each day and why.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Nutrition 101: Science of Nutrition course
- Introduction to Nutrition
- Healthy Diet Planning
- Role of Lipids in Nutrition
- Protein's Role in Nutrition
- Role of Water in Nutrition
- Minerals in Nutrition
- Symptoms of Mineral Deficiency & Toxicity
- How Vitamins Support Nutrition
- Anatomy of the Digestive System
- Nutrient Digestion, Absorption & Transport
- Cell Anatomy & Metabolism
- Weight Management & Energy Needs
- Eating Disorders: Risk to Nutrition
- Physical Activity & Nutrition
- Studying for Nutrition 101